This famous German university was opened in 1810 and named simply "University of Berlin". It was later renamed as the founder of university was Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt.
The complex of buildings is located just near famous Unter den Linden street, mainly consists classical buildings. University is famous due to its alumni, among them I could mention Arthur Schopenhauer, Albert Einstein, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and so on.
Humbolt Universitaet of Berlin is the oldest university in Berlin, founded in 1810 by the Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt. His educational model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities. From 1828 it was known as the Frederick William University, later on also as Universitaet unter den Linden after its location. In 1949 the university finaly changed its name to Humboldt University, in honour of both its founders, Wilhelm and his brother Alexander von Humboldt. In front of the building is monument to Wilhelm von Humboldt.
The univrsity has been home to many world wide famous Germany's thinkers, such as: Einstein, Hegel, Fichte, Schopenhauer, Savigny, Schelling, Marx and Engels, Planck and many others. It is also home of 29 Nobel Prize winners.
The square having the Humbolt and library is also a symbol of the first start of book burning and WWI Nazi era taking over. There were 20,000 books burnedThe construction was in 1810 and is the oldest in Berlin. The name changed to Fredrick William but changed eventually to Humbolt to honor the founder and scholar that influenced higher education. there are 37,000 attending classes today.
One of the oldest and most famed in all of Europe. It is a grand place and educated some of the very best in past years, and probably even now. The whole area has buildings as a part of the university.
In May 1933 this quiet university square was the scene of Nazi student book burning... the plaque in the photo reads:
"In the middle of this square Nazi students burned the works of hundreds of free writers, literary critics, philosophers and scientists"
I came across this memorial when I saw a small group of people huddled together in the centre of the square looking down on the ground. After they had moved away I decided to find out what they were looking at.
Situated in the cobbles, at your feet, is a large square window - when you look through the window your shadow is reflected in a bright square of light several feet below. There you can see a room - a cellar... and in the cellar you can see white book shelves.. row upon row.... all empty.
"Where they burn books, they will end in burning human beings." ("Dort, wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen.") Heinrich Heine - German author - 1821
Where so many books were burnt, and people's minds started to close rapidly...
Take a moment to look at this plaque and see the empty library shelves built underground with a glass for viewing it. It makes you think.
(Alexander the "Great" ordered the burning of libraries, too....)