Above all, this city is often visited to admire the half-timbered houses. Once an uninteresting city, with a U.S. Military outpost, this city has transformed in the past few decades, carefully restoring their historical treasures, to present visitors with some of the best examples of half-timbered construction in Germany, especially in the area of the Upper and Lower Marketplaces.
But even in the narrow ally ways Barbarossa's City has a few architectural jewels to admire: This is true for the "Cow Ally" (Kuhgasse), where one of the oldest half-timbered houses in the State of Hesse can be seen, which originated from the 14th century. Many half-timbered houses were given an inscription, which often caused passers-by to stop and think about the words so carefully carved in the beams.
Favorite thing: The Emperor Frederick I, who was also known as Barbarossa, founded the imperial town in 1170 by conglomerating three tiny villages. Imperial privileges and the convenient travel routes soon made this town an attraction for tradesmen and craftsmen, and soon, the town became a wealthy and attractive city, and a medieval center for trade routes. But not only the economical factors caused the city to grow, but the city also grew politically, to become one of the most important cities in the empire. It was decided in Gelnhausen in 1180 during the Reichstag (the parliamentary meeting held by the emperor) that the Ducal Kingdom of Saxony would be divided, and would be redistributed as vassal holdings – a decision that ended up splitting up the empire, and prevented the formation of the country of Germany.