Hildesheim's Jewish Synagogue, built in 1848, was burnt down during Krystallnacht in 1938. In the place where it once stood there is a memorial to the Jewish people condeming the sacrilegious behaviour of those years. The synangogue's original foundations were discovered during the erection of the memorial on the 50th anniversary of Crystal Night in 1988. They were built up to remain as a permanent reminder of that night.
The memorial itself is crowned by a model of Juresalem, has pictures concerning the Jewish faith and also pictures of Nazi soldiers terrorising the Jewish people all depicted on the monument. It is quite a stirring thing and centred is a picture of the Synagogue itself burning.
A tour of the three biggest churches was our main reason for visiting, but during our visit we couldn't climb the tower of the first, the nave of the second was off limits for a service and the third was shut completely for repairs.
St Andreas probably has the finest profile with its enormous copper spire, but it's the newest of the lot, rebuilt as it was in the 1960s. The inside is completely spartan, but apparently as part of the reconstruction project they were able to carry through with the original plans for a more ornate ceiling. We were told the view from the tower is amazing, but the 364 steps were not open when we came in. It's the highest steeple in the region.
The Gothic Dom was largely closed to visitors, but we did have a chance to see the great bronze doors up close from inside (the Bernwardsturen). Out back are the cloisters which for 50 cents you can see the 1000-year old rose bush (just scraggly vines this time of year), a small standalone chapel and some lovely stone carvings and bronzes.
Finally to Romanesque St Michaels, though like I said it was shut for repairs.
There is actually a fourth church I should mention, St Gothards, which though not as big or decorated nonetheless has probably the best environs. It sits at the end of a long street of half-timbered houses, the Bruehl.
The history of the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum originates in the Roemer Museum, which was founded by citizens of Hildesheim in 1844, followed by the Pelizaeus Museum in 1911. By its name the Museum pays honour to its most important patrons Hermann Roemer (1816 – 1894) and Wilhelm Pelizaeus (1851 – 1930), to whose generous benefactions to the city of Hildesheim the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum owes the stock of its collections. On this basis the Museum developed collections which reflect the world’s history regarding natural history, ethnology, fine art and culture history. The Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum is well known far beyond the borders of Hildesheim and Lower Saxony, its Egyptian and Peruvian collections belong to the most important collections in Europe. Today, the museum offers a large scale of permanent exhibitions based upon its different collections.
Last time I was there in March 2005. My daughter Muriel wanted to see the mummys...
The construction work for the neo-classical City Theatre commenced in 1908 according to the plans of Max Littmann. Friedrich Schiller’s words are prominently displayed over the tympanum of the portal: "Der Menschheit Würde ist in Eure Hand gegeben. Bewahret sie. Sie sinkt mit Euch, mit Euch wird sie sich heben.” A rough translation: Man’s dignity has been placed in your hands. Protect it. It will sink with you and with you it will rise up once again. The City Theatre’s programme includes operas, operettas, musicals, theatre, ballet and concerts. 607 seats are available.
My last visit was in March 2005. We saw "Top Dogs" by Urs Widmer, a writer from Switzerland.
Halle 39 is an entertaiment center for music, arts & sports.
Handball second German division - Home of Eintracht Hildesheim
Mahsun Kirmizgül at 23.4.2005
Ten Tenors at 17.5.2005
The building on the east side of the Market Square was rebuilt in 1954 after it had been partially destroyed in WW II. The “copper trumpeter” blows into his horn every day at 12 noon and the carillon plays at 12 noon, 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. daily. On market days it also plays at 9 a.m.
The half-timbered building on the west side of the Market Square was reconstructed from 1987 to 1989 according to original plans. It is considered the most beautiful half-timbered building in the world. The City Museum is located upstairs.
Originally built in 1451, burnt down in 1579, rebuilt in 1825 and then burnt down again in 1945. The Bakers’ Guild Hall was reconstructed between 1987 and 1989 according to original plans, just as the Butchers’ Guild Hall was. Today, it appropriately houses a bakery with a café.
The Hildesheim Cathedral is on the list of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage. After renovations and extensions were added in the 11th, 12th and 14th centuries, it was completely destroyed during World War II and rebuilt from 1950 to 1960. Special tourist attractions include the Bernwardian bronze castings – the double bronze doors (1015) and Christ’s pillar (1020), St. Anne’s chapel (1321), the Azelin and Hezilo chandeliers (11th century), St. Epiphanies’ Shrine (12th century) and the Baptismal Font (1225). The legendary 1000-year-old rosebush still climbs its way gracefully up the apse. It was also burned and buried beneath the rubble when the Cathedral was destroyed in 1945; its roots, however, remained unharmed and soon the bush was thriving once again. Tours:
Guided visit of the cathedral can be booked by telephone at 05121-1791760 up to 14 days in advance.
The early-Romanesque church, which has been on the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage since 1985, was rebuilt as an example of Ottonian architecture from 1950 to 1957. The famous painted wooden ceiling from the 13th century depicts Christ’s lineage. Also worth seeing are the Angels’ Choirs and column capitals (1171-1190), the cloister (approx. 1250) and the crypt containing the tomb of Bishop Bernward (1015).
The Pick-a-back statue is a legendary figure from Hildesheim. Created in 1905 it is the personification of a bad conscience. It was one of the few things in Hildesheim that escaped unscathed from the bombings in WW2.
This museum has an awesome collection of Egyptian art and artifacts. It is named after 2 of its founders, Roemer and the contributor of much of the Egyptian collection, Pelizaeus. It also has a great display on ancient Peru and the history of Hildesheim. It also often has special exhibitions. It is well worth a visit particularly considering the reasonable entrance price of 6 Euro.
The Bernward bronze doorsinside the Dom are another world heritage item in Hildesheim. They were forged in one peice in 1015 and have been described as the 'most meaningful achievement of the Ottonian sculpture per se'. You can see 16 different Christian images depicted on the doors, 8 on each side. Germany second oldest and largest chandeleir is also another impressive addition to the interior of the Dom.
The exterior of the Dom is also ery grand and you simply have to visit this site if travelling to Hildesheim. You can also see the remanants of the old town wall surronding the building which I found interesting. There is also a pictorial showing what the area looked like in former times.
UNESCO World Heritage in Germany comments that 'Bernward, tutor and advisor to the young Saxon Emperor Otto III, brought together abtique and medieval motifs, Christian numerical symbolism and mathematics to create simple archittectronic forms and expressive images'. Sounds like a good enough reason to add it to my list too i guess!
I'm no expert by any means and was wondering why this cathedral desrved this accolade more than other amazing churches I have seen in Germany. St Micheal's was really lovely (was not too impressed by its interior however) but to be honest am still a little confused even after reading the explanation above.
Nevertheless, is a still a must-see if you are in Hildesheim.
This is yet another building in Hildesheim that was destroyed in WW2. Originally built in the 12th Century it was reconstructed in 1968 according to its original plans. I did not see the interior but the exterior was very nice but again makes you pine for the original.
Something interesting I read regarding the history of the church was that part of the building was used as a sail-cloth factory around 1923. What a waste!!