The Dukes of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, a line of the house of the Guelphs, got in trouble with their traditional residential city of Braunschweig in the late middle ages. Braunschweig, strove for independence and succeeded in kicking the Dukes out, although it never gained the desired status of an imperial city.
Wolfenbüttel became the new ducal residence. The town was extended in several steps and fortified. In the late 16th century the medieval castle was substituted by the present water palace in renaissance style.
From 1432-1754 Wolfenbüttel was the sole residence and capital of the Duchy. After several unsuccessful sieges Duke Rudolf August finally managed to reconquer the renitent city of Braunschweig in 1671, but it took more than eight decades till his successor moved back. Wolfenbüttel then became a forgotten country town - luckily, because of this the historical centre of the 16th and 17th century has been preserved without much changes.
Fondest memory: Wolfenbüttel's glorious past still shows. There is not only the palace. The title of the Duke (Herzog) shows in street names like Lange Herzogstraße, Breite Herzogstraße and Herzogtor.
Public toilets can be found:
1. off Schlossplatz in Schulwall, opposite of Hertie department store, in the half-timbered house on the left in photo 1; photo 2 shows the entrance.
Free of charge, and less dirty than I expected.
Open Mon-Fri 9.00-18.30, Sat 9.00-17.30, Sun 9.00-17.00.
2. in the wooden hut in Kornmarkt, photo 3
Free of charge. Opening hours like 1.
3. in the newspaper and snack stand Am Herzogtor
Charge 0.30 €, the key is available at the newspaper stand.
4. Inside Hertie department store when the shop is open