Bonner Munster, Bonn
Bonn's most imposing church is also one of Germany's oldest. It was originally dedicated to St. Cassius and St. Florentius, two soldiers in the Theben legion, legendary soldiers of Rome who martyred themselves en masse. According to the legend they were beheaded where Bonn Minster now stands. Their heads lie as giant statues in front of the church, and prove a great playground for the local kids.
This bascillica is built on the site of 2 graves of two matrys being the city's patron saints Cassius & Florentius. The architecture is a blend of Gothic & Romanesque style.
The bascilica is open to the public between 7am - 7pm
Unfortunately there was no time for us to go inside.
This old church from the 11th-13th century was built on a Roman burial ground.
In front of the church are two interesting sculptures of the heads of Saints Cassius and Florentius.
According to Wikipedia this is the legend behind the sculptures:
Originally the Minster was the collegiate church of Ss. Cassius & Florentius, who were Roman legionnaires of the legendary all-Christian Theban Legion. The legion's garrison, according to legend, was in the Egytian town of Thebes. Roman Emperor Maximianus Herculius ordered the legion to march to Gaul and assist in quelling rebels from Burgundy. At some point during their march the legion refused to follow the emperor's orders to either kill fellow Christians or to worship Maximianus Herculius as a god. As a result, a large number of legionaries were martyred in Agaunum, now named Saint Maurice-en-Valais after Saint Maurice. According to legend Saints Cassius and Florentius, who were under the command of Saint Gereon, were beheaded at the present location of the Bonn Minster for their religious beliefs.
The late-romanesque with Gothic elements Muenster Cathedral was build about year 1100 on the place, where early stand a roman temple. In the cathedrale there are the tombs of the martys Saint Cassius and Saint Florentius. They was Roman and changed his religion. Now they are the patrons of Bonn.
The Bonner Münster is a very tall Romanesque basilica, very difficult to capture in a single shot from an ordinary camera like mine. Originally it was a small memorial shrine built on the graves of two martyrs killed for their faith. Later on a Church was built here. However, in the year 1050, this church was demolished and the construction of the present Romanesque building began and continued for two centuries. The Romanesque basilica appeared in the coat of arms of the sovereign state of Bonn. At the time I visited Bonn, there was a huge Christmas market in front of the Münster and therefore I was unable to take a better picture of the beautiful imposing building.
This Romanesque minster with Gothic elements was completed longbefore the foundation of Cologne Cathedral was laid. Its history dates back to the second half of the 3rd century. In that time it just was a small church. In early 11th century the little church was enlarged to a minster. The minster has five towers and belongs to Bonn’s architectural highlights.
daily from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm
The Minster, which has the full name of The Collegiate Church of St. Cassius and St. Florentius, is one of Bonn's city symbols and it gets its name from the martyrs of Cassius and Florentius who were both buried on this site and are the city patrons today. There has been a place of worship here since Roman times and this was apparently the first major church building in the Rhine region once it expanded. What you see today is mainly a mix of Romanesque and Gothic styles from the 11th to 13th century and very nice, especially seen from the angle in the first photo. I was less impressed with the interior (apart from the galleries) which I found nice but quite plain despite liking clean lines. There are often concerts here and just around the corner there is a church shop selling all sorts of religious cards, books and so on.
You should plan enough time to visit this cathedral not only from the outside like I did but also inside because of the cloister. The church is about 900 years old and built on a Roman burial ground.
Opening times: daily 7 am - 7 pm
cloister: 9 am - 5 pm
Bonn’s Munster Basilica (Cathedral)is one of the most fully-developed creations of the Rhenish transition style from the Romanesque to the Gothic period. Its building history reaches far back into the time of the early Christianity at the Rhine.
Around 400 A.C., a small church hall was erected here over the graves of city patrons Cassius and Florentius, and in the middle of the 11th century it was replaced by a basilica with a length of 70 metres and three naves. Reconstruction began in the middle of the 12th century. It was around that time when the Romanesque cloister was built.
The Munster Basilica with its five towers and the powerful crossing tower forms part of Bonn’s silhouette still today.
It experienced two king-crowning ceremonies: Friedrich der Schone (Friedrich the Beautiful) was crowned in 1314, and Karl IV. was crowned here in 1346. Next to many other works of art it is possible to see the Magdalena altar made of marbled wood, the little wooden figure of the holy Martin, the baptismal font from the 12th century and a sitting Madonna today.
The Cathedrals in Bonn are magnificent in architect and beauty. This main cathedral in the city center is magnificent. There were many tourists around when we visited there.