Cologne Cathedral/ Kölner Dom, Cologne

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  • leafmcgowan's Profile Photo

    Koln Cathedral

    by leafmcgowan Written Apr 2, 2009

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    Cologne Cathedral is a World Heritage Site and is one of the best known architectural monuments in Germany and Cologne's most famous. It is 144.5 metres long, 86.5 m wide and its two towers are 157 m tall. The Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. It is dedicated to Saint Peter and the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is one of the world's largest churches and the largest Gothic Church in Northern Europe. It was the tallest structure in the world from 1880-1884 until the construction of the Washington Monument. It possessed the second-tallest church spires only surpassed by the single spire of Ulm Cathedral completed in 1890. It holds the position of the largest facade of any church in the world. The church construction began in 1248 and took over 600 years to construct when it was finalized in 1880. It was built atop a grain store that was succeeded by a Roman Temple built by Mercurius Augustus which was followed by 4th century Christian buildings including a square edifice that was commissioned by Maternus as the oldest cathedral at that time. In 1164 the Archbishop of Cologne, Rainald of Dassel acquired relics of the Three Kings which had been taken from Milan in Italy by the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa and were properly housed on this spot. The foundation stones laid on August 15, 1248. When construction stopped in the 1800's, it wasn't until 1842 that a civic effort raised two thirds of the enormous costs to resume work on the original design of the surviving medieval plans and drawings and the bells were installed in the 1870s. The completion in 1880 was celebrated as a national event, 632 years after construction began. The cathedral suffered fourteen hits by aerial bombs during World War II. It did not collapse, but stood tall in an otherwise flattened city. Believers said it was divine intervention. In June 1945, the cathedral was abused as a rifle range by American troops. The repairs to the building were completed in 1956. On August 25, 2007, the cathedral received a new stained glass in the south transept window. With 113 square metres of glass, the window was created by the German artist Gerhard Richter. In 1996, the cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of culturally important sites. In 2004 it was placed on the "World Heritage in Danger" list due to nearby high-rise building and its visual impact upon the site, as the only Western site in danger. The cathedral was removed from the List of In Danger Sites in 2006, following the authorities' decision to limit the heights of buildings constructed near and around the cathedral. The cathedral is open every day from 6.00am to 7.30pm; admission is free except for tower ascent and the treasury. Visitors can climb 509 steps of the spiral staircase to a viewing platform about 98 metres above the ground. [abstracted from Wikipedia and the Cathedral's information pamphlets : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne_Cathedral]

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    Cologne Cathedral

    by Tom_Fields Written Mar 14, 2009

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    The Dom is the largest Gothic-style Cathedral in the world. Its huge towers stand 147 meters (515 feet) tall, making them the tallest in the world when they were completed in 1880. Construction had begun in 1248, making this a really long-term project. The work had been interrupted several times.

    The cathedral contains the holy relics of the Magi (the three wise men who visited the baby Jesus in the New Testament). Another gem is the Cross of Gero, the oldest surviving monumental crucifix in northern Europe, carved in 976.

    While Allied bombing devastated the city in World War II (one raid involved over a thousand planes), the cathedral escaped with only minor damage. This is one of the very few pre-war buildings still standing in Cologne.

    If you hike up to the stairs to the viewing platform, 312 feet above street level, you'll be treated to a fine view of the city and the Rhine River.

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  • tomerik's Profile Photo

    Cologne Landmark

    by tomerik Written Jul 13, 2008

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    Dome of Cologne

    The Dome of Cologne, which was built in the period from 1248 until 1880, is known as a masterpiece of Gothic architecture. In its whole period of construction the original architect’s drawings had never been changed.
    Up until its completion in the 19th century, the cathedral was the biggest building in the world. The draft of the western façade broke all conventions: as the biggest church façade of the world it was supposed to have a surface of 7,000 m² flanked by two powerful towers with a height of 156 metres each.
    In 1996, it was included in the list of the UNESCO world cultural heritage.

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  • MichaelFalk1969's Profile Photo

    Climbing the South Tower of the Cathedral ..

    by MichaelFalk1969 Updated Jun 23, 2008

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    View from the Dom

    The southern tower of the Dom is accessible - after you have managed roughly 500 stairs or so, you have a nice view on Cologne and the Rhine. What`s best is that the view on some of the Romanic Churches close to the Cathedral is less obstructed than from the ground and one can admire their fine architecture even better from above. Please mind: No elevator.

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  • BillNJ's Profile Photo

    See the magnificent Kölner Dom

    by BillNJ Updated May 27, 2008

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    View from across the Rhine River
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    The Kölner Dom (Cologne Cathedral) is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture. Construction of the cathedral began in 1248 -- and it was not completed until 1880.

    With this tip, I have included the link to the Wikipedia entry that provides the dimensions and other relevant facts about the Cathedral. To really appreciate this magnificent structure, though, you need to see it in person.

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  • maestrousmc's Profile Photo

    Awe-inspiring majesty

    by maestrousmc Written Mar 9, 2008

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    The Kolner Dom could quite possibly be the most visible landmark in Koln. Of all the religious structures in my recent visit to Europe this cathedral matched and sometimes exceeded its counterparts in details and intricacies. Should you possess the energy, pay the nominal fee, climb to the top via the spiral staircase view the city.

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    Cathedral with famed spires

    by BruceDunning Updated Feb 3, 2008

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    View of church-blackened by stone
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    This rivals and probably is greater that St. Stephens cathedral in Vienna. The inside is fabulous, and very dark looking for a reverent feeling. The stone is porous so the black color picks up all the pollution.

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    Domforum

    by Rupanworld Written Jan 9, 2008

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    Inside the Cathedral there are so many things to see that one may easily get confused or even not know what thing is what. Its the best idea to purchase a leaflet called Domforum that one gets just after entering the Cathedral in different lanuages for just one euro. It describes everything inside the Dom worth seeing and provides a map to the same.

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    Men in red robes

    by Rupanworld Written Jan 9, 2008

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    The entrance to the Cathedral does not cost you anything and even inside you may not have to pay anything unless you are generous enough to make donation into the donation boxes hanging from the necks of one of those quite many churchmen in red robes that always walk around inside the church.

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    Inside Dom V

    by Rupanworld Written Jan 9, 2008

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    This is the Shrine of the Three Magi , completed between 1190 - 1225. It summarises the history of salvation from the beginning of Old Testament to the return of Christ at the end of time. It is a beautiful sculptural piece in Gold.

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    Inside Dom III

    by Rupanworld Written Jan 9, 2008

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    The Chapel of the Cross is the Gero Crucifix donated by Archbishop Gero. It is one of the oldest remaining monumental crucifix in the world today. This crucifix is said to represent the lifelessness of Christ.

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    Back in Black

    by wilocrek Written Jan 1, 2008

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    There is nothing quite as stunning as walking out of the Cologne train station and being greeted by the twin, black, gothic spires that stretch high into the sky. This cathedral has withstood bombings and time itself and is definitely worth visiting. Plus when was the last time you saw a black cathedral, it looks like a burnt piece of toast!

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    Exercise

    by matjung Written Dec 25, 2007

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    Stair Case  Cologne Cathedral
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    When in Cologne, do some Exercise and go up the Dom Tower.
    It is just about 500 steps to master.

    Opening hours:

    Monday - Sunday 6.00 - 19.30 hours

    You are not allowed to go on a sight seeing tour in Cologne Cathedral during mass

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  • MichaelFalk1969's Profile Photo

    Kölner Dom

    by MichaelFalk1969 Updated Dec 11, 2007

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    K��lner Dom

    The gothic Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is probably the most popular sight in Germany (and easily accessible, too, since it is only a few meters walk from the main railway station). Many superlatives are connected to the cathedral: The third-highest church in the world, the second-highest church in Germany, the third-largest gothic cathedral world-wide. It is one of the finest examples of medieval church architecture, and its silhouette is instantly associated with the city Cologne. The only thing you will have to get used to is that it is always crowded - due to hundreds of tourists roaming the cathedral grounds, it never feels quiet here. The tower viewing platform is also accessible after a strenuos climb, and the treasury of the Cathedral is surely worth a visit.

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    Stained Glass - Windows

    by MichaelFalk1969 Updated Dec 10, 2007

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    The stained glass windows in the Cologne Cathedral are marvelous. For the most part depicting biblical stories, but also historical figures and coats of arms, and there is even one window made by a contemporary artist with a purely geometric image (Gerhard Richter-window).

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