The Neuhaus Castle in the Westphalian city of Paderborn was built from 1524 to 1526 in style of Weser-Renaissance. Until 1802 it has been the seat of the prince-bishops of Paderborn and from then it was used for military purposes - until 1945 by Prussia and then unteil 1964 by the British Army of the Rhine.
The Libori Fest is an annually celebrated nine-days church and people's event in Paderborn. This event is one of the largest and oldest celebrations in Germany, and the most important one when it comes to the traditions of Paderborn. The Libori Fest is called Paderborn's 5th season. Its origin goes back to the year 836. The Reliquien of the Heiliger Liborius got into the bishop city Paderborn. Upon the clergyman's return to Paderborn ppl celebrated happily.
Today the mix of church ceremonies and Volksfest, provides an unique atmosphere to the entire city. On Pottmarkt additional happen concerts, small art & plays, and firework over the Paderquell area what marks the end of the Libori Fest.
Paderborn's Libori Galerie is a lovely mall, not over fancy, not over exciting but nice and neat, near the center, park and pedestrian zone. Parking house looked rather small with less space for big cars.
World War II bombs spared one single block of old Paderborn, North of the Dom behind the Pader springs, in Hathumarstraße and Auf den Dielen. This is the only street in town where you can still see a row of half-timbered houses.
The prettiest house of them all ist the so-called Adam and Eve House. The woodcarvings on the gable are full of pictures: the story of Adam and Eve, the symbols of the Evangelists, virtues and other figures among plant and fan ornaments. The house hosts the town's historical museum.
The chapel between Dom and Pfalz was erected under Bishop Meinwerk in the first quarter of the 11th century. Rumours tell that it was built by Greek builders, but according to experts these rumours cannot be trusted.
Anyway, the chapel with its slender columns, dome vaults and three naves of equal height is unique North of the Alps. Whenever the Kings and Emperors visited Paderborn this chapel was used for the dressing of the King resp. Emperor in his ceremonial robes and to keep the imeprial insignia.
A recent addition is also worth a look. The modern portal (1978) shows scenes from the New Testament and the lives of saints. Note the door handle in the shape of a dove.
The chapel is open in the daytime.
The little chapel at the far end of the cloister on the way to the three hares window is dedicated to the victims of World War II. It is decorated with mosaics all over. Despite its bright colours it is easily overlooked, as it is rather dark and hidden behind a gate.
Agnes Mann, who is mostly known for stained glass windows, created the mosaics in the 1960s. They show the Holy Trinity and the entirely heavenly hosts above the martyrs and victims and war scenes. The predominant colours are red and blue.
The wall on the right bears a picture of the burning city of Paderborn.
The Kaiserpfalz behind the cathedral is a reconstruction. In 1964 archeologists found the foundation of Charlemagne's palace, the very same place where king and pope had negotiated the coronation in 799.
Until 1977 the archeologists also unearthed the much better preserved palace of Heinrich II, built in the early 11th century. The finds allowed a reconstruction of this building that includes historical substance.
The Kaiserpfalz is now a museum and also serves for concerts, lectures and festive events. It is owned by the metropolitan chapter of Paderborn.
The historical city hall still is the centre of the city's administration. The renaissance façade with its three gables overlooks the series of squares in front, Rathausplatz and Marienplatz.
The Ratskeller underneath is a good restaurant.
The line of the old city fortification is still visible in the map. The ring road around the old town consists of a series of streets whose names all end in “-wall” (rampart). Further inward they are accompanied by a ring of smaller streets, all named “-mauer” (wall).
Some small parts of the town wall are preserved. The lonely tower is standing next to Paderhalle.
This rather ugly example of 1970s (I guess) architecture is standing by the Pader springs on the northern edge of the old town. I also guess it was the same architect who designed the Diözesanmuseum. The hall is used for festivals, concerts, conventions and other events.
The springs probably were the reason why people chose this very spot to settle. Paderborn’s centre, the cathedral and the imperial palace, are standing on a terrace at the end of a gentle slope. The terrace is a step of maybe 2 metres difference in height, and at the foot of the terrace ground water is flowing out to the surface. There are about 200 springs along the northern and western side of the cathedral hill that form the river Pader, Germany’s shortest river. I do not know the figures how much water is issued per minute but it is a LOT.
The springs are enclosed in stone basins. The two main spring areas are surrounded by a park with sunny lawns and many shady spots. Walk around and watch the waterflows. They are an impressive natural spectacle.
The Jesuit church, built in the late 16th century, shows the typical mix of styles with late gothic elements that were still used to emphasize the tradition of the one true Christian church, although in those times the gothic style was a thing of the past.
The interior is dominated by the majestic gilded altar in the choir. However, the impressive front is a fake made of plaster and plywood. The church was heavily hit by World War II bombs. In the process of rebuilding discussions arose what to do with the choir and the altar. Modern, contemporary solutions were searched but none proved satisfactory. There was only one way to do the room justice: a reconstruction of the old altar. Donations were collected. However, costs would have been immense. So the cheapest (still expensive) solution, a mere reconstruction of the surface on a structure of cheap materials, was chosen.
The platform in front of the church was used for religious theatre performances. The Jesuits often used this medium to teach religious stories and their content.
The citizens of Paderborn showed interest in the reformation but the protestant era did not last long. The bishop soon called the Jesuit order to promote the counter-reformation and lead his ‘sheep’ back to the Roman Catholic faith.
The Jesuits built their convent and church in the heart of the town next to the city hall. They opened, on behalf of the Bishop, a high school and college in 1580. The old university buildings next to the church with their big tower are still used by a high school and by the university’s faculty of theology.
Among the shopping temples in Westernstraße, the Franciscan church and monastery set a less worldly accent. The façade was designed according to Italian models by the architect Antonio Petrini. The late 17th century church and the monastery were almost completely destroyed in the bomb raid of March 1945 but soon rebuilt. The rich furnishing is lost but the church still owns precious art treasures. The adjacent monastery is still inhabited by Franciscan monks.
The treasures of the diocese, the cathedral and other churches in the city are on display in the Diözesanmuseum in front of the cathedral. Decide for yourselves if the architecture adds to the decor of the square…
The museum is on my to-do-list for my next visit.
The museum is currently preparing a big exhibition "1000 years Bishop Meinwerk" and remains closed until the opening on October 21, 2009.