Like much of Trier, the imposing fortress like Cathedral has its roots in Roman times. It was built in sections, rather than in one single construction, spanning nearly two millennia. Inside the central chapel is a room built of Roman brick under the direction of Saint Helen. The mother of Constantine I, she is also credited with founding the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. So I've now visited all three of her major churches!
Trier's cathedral of St Peter is an ancient construction indeed, its origins dating back to Roman times.
After the conversion to Christianity of Emperor Constantine, Roman Trier (then called Augusta Treverorum) constructed a huge set of church buildings incorporating no less than four basilicas. These were later destroyed by the Franks, rebuilt and destroyed once again by the Normans in 882.
The existing building lies on the site of a house whose Romanesque ceiling, in fragments, was discovered by archaeologists and has been reconstructed. It can be seen in the Cathedral Museum.
The building you see now was first started in the 1000s, with the choir dedicated in 1196 and additions, enlargements and changes during the following centuries. It is, in appearance, largely a 'classic' Medieval cathedral but without the elaborate stonework which I would have expected to see. I did manage to find a Romanesque lion though! :-)
I found the Dom to be a somewhat austere place of worship, despite its fiddly, twirly Baroque additions...but still well worth a visit.
The Trier Cathedral is the oldest church in Germany. According to medieval tradition, Helena, mother of the Roman emperor Constantin the Great, donated her house to the Trier bishop Agritius, and yes, archeological excavations have revealed a residence below the Cathedral. Agritius had a large basilica erected between 310 and 320 over this house. Remains of the church can be seen today in the excavations under the Information Office of the Cathedral. The first basilica was soon extended into a large complex with four basilicas, a baptistery and several outbuildings. Beginninga after 340 anotehr new structure known as the "Square" was erected in the area of the Cathedral. Its outer walls still today form the core of the Cathedral.
The semi-circular absid on the western side - which gives the church such a caracteristic outlook - was completed in 1196.
The most valuable treasure in the Cathedral is the Holy Robe which is kept inside the Chapel of Holy Relic.
Close to the entrance is one of the four pillars that held the roof of the Roman square building. In the medieval time people believed it had been thrown to hit the church by the Devil.
April 1 to October 31 daily 06.30 - 18.00
November 1 to March 31 daily 06.30 - 17.30
The cathedral. The oldest in Germany.
It dates from early in the 11th century, but incorporates what’s left of a 4th century church.
My guide book goes into all the technical details, so if the tomb of Papal envoy Ivo is your thing, you’re in luck.
I get a bit weary of the inside of churches - I’m not religious in the slightest (anti-religion, in fact) - and skipped this one.
I did like the exterior and the grand square it sits in. Symbols of the wealth and power of the church, I suppose.
This is just one, of the many massive Churches in Trier.
The present Cathedral stands on top of a former Constantinian Palace.
After Constantine's last visit to Trier in A.D. 328/9, the palace was leveled in 330 and replaced by the largest Christian church in Antiquity.
When you a standing here in Cathedral square, try and imagine a Church, about four times as big as the present-day church, covering the area of the Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady, the Cathedral Square, the adjoining garden, and the houses almost up to the market.
It must have been massive!
Today's Cathedral still contains a Roman central section with the original walls rising up to a height of 26 m.
Today the Cathedral has three crypts, a cloister, Cathedral Treasury, and Holy Robe Chapel which has the tunic that Christ wore.
April - October: daily 6:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
November - March: daily 6:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
During the services and concerts it is not possible to visit the cathedral!
ADMISSION....FREE TO VISIT THE CATHEDRAL
Guided tours for individual's
April 1 - October 31: daily tours 2:00 p.m. (in German), duration: 1 hour
Adults 3.00 euro.......Children age 4 - 16yrs.... 1.00euro
CATHEDRAL TREASURY OPENING HOURS......
November 1st to March 31st Mondays 12:30 to 4:00 pm.
Tuesdays to Saturdays 11:00 pm. to 4:00 pm
Sundays and Church holidays 12:30 to 4:00 pm.
April 1st to October 31st weekdays 10:00 am. to 5:00 pm.
Sundays and Church holidays 12:30 to 5:00 pm.
Closed on 2nd April to 5th April 2012, 8th April 2012 and 10th April to 16th May 2012.
ADMISSION IN 2012.....
Families (2 adults and up to 4 children) 3.50euro
Combination ticket Cathedral Treasury and Bishop's Museum: adults 4.00euro
Combination ticket Cathedral Treasury and Bishop's Museum: children 2.20euro
Once again, no need to get into a history lesson, there are hundreds of better fact sheets on the Dom here on VT, than I could ever give. I was most fortunate to walk into the cathedral during choir practise so I felt particularly honoured. Like all European cathedrals, it is just beautiful and I was in total awe as I wandered around it at length. Standing in front of the vault where the Holy Robe is housed was particularly inspirational.
This is another of those famous Trier landmarks which needs no more historical facts given than have already been done. It is a gobsmacking building especially on the outside. It is a wonderful photo subject which made me wish that I was a good photographer. Happily however, I can report that I have taken far worse pics than these in my time. Maybe that's because the subject is just so grand, it's hard to get it wrong. For someone like me sadly, it takes 5 pics to get the front of it all in (well nearly all in)!
We think most doms look much alike inside,so the outside is more interesting.This was little different from some others,because it wasn´t very symmetric
Everyone was taken photos of long stone outside the dom.I asked here on VT what it is,and I was told that story says,that a devil helped to build the dom,and when he saw it was a dom,he got angry and throw away this stone.
Truely they believe it´s part of old church witch was here before this one.
This great cathedral is the oldest in Germany, and one of the oldest in northern Europe. It's dedicated to St Peter, the city's patron saint. The first Christian church here was built in 326 by the Roman Emperor Constantine, on the site of his mother's palace, to commemorate his 20th year in power. It suffered major damage in the Dark Ages, but a was renovated in 1035 in the Romanesque style. Subsequent modifications have been made in the Gothic and Baroque styles. So it reflects some of the various architectural styles that have appeared during its long history. Its most famed relic is the Holy Robe, said to have been worn by Jesus during his crucifixion.
During our two week trip, Trier Cathedral was our favorite church. It had a very warm feel and wasn't too big. I also learned about the Holy Robe- what is purportedly a tunic worn by Jesus. Though there is no longer proof that it belonged to Jesus, it is treated as such and is kept in a special case behind the altar.
pictured is a baroque addition to the dom. inside this beautiful cathedral is the 10th century altar of st. andrew and the treasury. one of the most interesting relics of the treasury is the holy robe which supposedly was worn by christ during his trial. this relic is only shown on special occasions.
trier's massive cathedral is the oldest in germany. it was in part started by the romans under constantine and was enlarged in the 11th, 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries. do to these enlargements and alterations this interesting cathedral has a number of architectural styles. the picture is of a romanesque part of the cathedral.
The cathedral of Trier is the oldest church of Germany, built around 326 AD by order of the Roman emperor Konstantin the Great. On the 20th anniversary of his regency Konstantin felt obliged to make up for the pursuance of the Christian population by his predecessors (the emperors Dioclezian, Galerius and Maximinus Daia) and so he induced the building of unique churches like the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, St. Peter's Basilica in Rome... and the Cathedral St. Peter in Trier. The scale of today's cathedral only complies a fraction of its original size. In process of time the cathedral has repeatedly been destroyed and rebuilt: during the emigration of nations in 4th century doom came in the shape of Attila the Hun. Later the cathedral was again destroyed by Norman troups (in 882 AD). Major restaurations and extensions were executed in 10th and 11th century. Ever since that time the cathedral also houses important relics like the Holy Tunic (the robe said to have been worn by Jesus during (or shortly before) his crucifixion). It is safely kept under protective glas at a cathedral annex and is seldom (and only on important occasions) displayed to the public.
April-October.: 10.00-17.00, Sundays 12.30-17.00
November-March: 11.00-16.00, Sundays 14.00-16.00
closed on: 1st January & 25th December
The Dom is Tier's massive cathedral that sits in the center of the city near the main market area and Liebfrauenkirche. Construction began in the 11th Century on the foundation of the Roman Palace built for Empress Helena. Later additions were made in Gothic and baroque construction styles. Walking around the cathedral, be sure to visit the main hall, the underground crypts, and the outdoor courtyard. Besides its fascinating architecture, the Dom is most famous for its "Seamless Robe of Christ" that is so fragile, it was last displayed almost 50 years ago.
One of the oldest churches in Germany. It's built up in the 11-12 th century. The church keeps treasures especially the holy skirt (heiliger Rock) and displays it every 30 years.
It is said that the skirt belonged to Jesus, but after test actually the textile is from 1000 years ago when Jesus died already hundreds years. However, the skirt is still well kept as symbol.