Görlitz is easily accessible by railway. It is located on the West - East route Dresden - Wroclaw and the North - South route (Berlin-)Cottbus - Zittau. Both routes are served by regional trains (stop in bigger towns only) and local trains (stop in every town, thus slower). Regional trains take about an hour from Dresden and run every hour. Trains to/from Wroclaw run three times per day.
For train travel from any town in Saxony (or the neighbouring states Sachsen-Anhalt or Thuringia) I recommend the Sachsen Ticket that is valid for regional and local trains on weekdays from 9 am on, on weekends all day. Cost (2011) is 29 Euro for groups up to five people, 21 Euro for single travellers. As Görlitz is located in the ZVON public transportation network and that network accepts the Sachsen Ticket you can travel on buses and trams in Görlitz (and surrounding), too.
Although Görlitz is a small city and very easily walkable you may be tired after walking the cobbled streets :-). An alternative is to take the tram back to your hotel, the railway station or wherever. For a visit of the Landeskrone hill south of Görlitz it is a must.
An excellent route to explore the city is the tram which runs from the Landeskrone hill (foot) via railway station through the 19th century district (and shopping street Berliner Strasse) to the Holy Sepulchre - Heiliges Grab (final stop Königshufen).
Single-Trip-Ticket 1.30 Euro
Four-Trips-Ticket 4.40 Euro
Day-Ticket 3.00 Euro
Day-Ticket for 5 people travelling together 6.50 Euro
Görlitz is the easternmost German city, located on the Lusatian Neisse River in the Bundesland of Saxony.
That's why it is the closest German city from Russia and Moscow (1570 km on map or 1890 km on speedometer of our car).
We got to Görlitz from Poland (Wroclaw) via E40 (A4) motorway.
When traveling from the west, you will get to Görlitz via the A4 motorway (Dresden).
Coming from the north, you can take the A15 (ausfahrt Roggosen or Forst) and then take the B115 to Görlitz.
B6 and B99 will also take you to Görlitz/Zgorzelec.
By train: Görlitz has railway links to the ICE and IC network of German rail provider Deutsche Bahn.
By air: The international airport Dresden is 90 kilometres from Görlitz.
You can watch my 2 min 33 sec HD Video Görlitz Sachsen Germany by car out of my Youtube channel.
You can watch my high resolution photo of Görlitz on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 51° 9' 26.78" N 14° 59' 41.37" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Görlitz from Zgorzelec.
When arriving by train, have a closer look at the train station building. It is a pre-World War I Jugendstil (art nouveau) architecture. In the main hall, the art nouveau ornaments and the general impression are well preserved.
Goerlitz is one of those cities that actually have trams. They currently have two lines running. Both go past the railway station and run through the city center. We did check out the end station Königshufen. But you could also go number two line to the "hill" Landeskrone. If you have a Sachsen ticket, then you can use the tram for free.
We were there on a Saturday and the trams only run every 20 minutes.
While we were figuring out what to do, we were surprised by a vintage tram. If you want to ride on that one, then you have to hire the whole carriage in advance. (picture 2).
It's an easy day trip from Dresden to Goerlitz. The train journey takes about 1,5 hours via Bautzen. If you buy a "Sachsen ticket" for 27 Euro, up to 5 people can travel on it and it's valid on public transport in the cities too.
So, if you had time you could stop in Bautzen on the way back or do as we did, take a train to Zittau and return from there to Dresden.
There are hourly trains from Dresden that stop in Görlitz and take about an hour but this was a family outing and my new father-in-law was out to show his new and intrepid son-in-law that he knew a thing or two about off the beaten path places. I had to admit he did. It was a scenic ride from Dresden passing beautiful pastoral scenes as well as medieval looking gems like Bautzen (maybe next time). No, this Trabant is not his car, but it is a very typical old car of the former East Germany.
There are some bicycle paths that pass through Goerlitz and also into Poland. Bicycles are also the only means of transport that are allowed on the Old Town Bridge.