When walking along the vineyards of Radebeul you'll notice rose bushes at the end of every second or third row of vines. A pretty sight when the roses are in bloom. However, being pretty is not the only purpose of these plants.
The roses serve as indicators for a plant disease: mildew, which is caused by fungi. Certain types of roses, and these are used, are more sensitive to mildew than vines. The roses are affected first. The winemakers watch the roses carefully. If a rose is affected they know it's time to protect the vines by applying fungicides.
As mentioned in the intro, Radebeul has some large residential districts with beautiful 19th century houses. They all have elements of historical styles (especially Renaissance and Baroque), but mostly appear in a style which is called "Swiss" - just like they imagined (or have seen) the houses in rural/alpine Switzerland, which was en vogue as a tourist destination at that time.
The administration set clear rules for buildings: main facade parallel to the street, garden between street and facade of min. 4.5 m distance, distance to neighbouring grounds at least 4.5 m (if the house was taller than the usual 2 floors plus roof floor then the distance was 2 m more), not more than 33% of the ground was allowed to be overbuilt.
For the most beautiful examples of such houses stroll through the streets of the districts Oberlössnitz and Niederlössnitz, between the main street Meissner Strasse (tram line) and the vineyards.
Absolutely fascinating are the old wineries, some of them from the 16th - 18th centuries.
On the picture you see the winery Meinhold (the so called Turmhaus), an impressive ensemble from the 17th century, with additional buildings from the 18th century. It is located in the Oberlössnitz, Weinbergstrasse 10 - in this area you can find some more examples of old wineries, e.g. the Bennoschlösschen.
Another area with those old wineries is the Niederlössnitz, so e.g. Minckwitz's winery, Altfriedstein and Neufriedstein etc.
Fondest memory: Don't miss a wine tasting. The quality of the wine is very good. I remember sitting under a pergola outside an old winery, drinking a glass of wine (or two) and chatting with friends on a mild summer evening. La dolce vita :-)
Vineyards dominate the scenery, and the traditions of viticulture are the essence of locals in Radebeul.
Old documents prove an 800 years old tradition of viticulture in the region. Originally brought here by the Bishops of Meissen, the Dukes of Saxony encouraged the locals to increase the quality of the wine.
In the late 19th century winegrowing became an economical waste and more and more vineyards became residential areas, except those on the hillsides. After WWII the communist leaders had no interest in such a "bourgeoise" activity and yet more vineyards had to be given up.
The fall of the wall brought the change. More and more vineyards were re-cultured again. Private owners got their vineyards back and started winegrowing again.
Fondest memory: A specialty are the dry stone walls. Since the hillsides are steep you need these stone walls to prevent slides. At the same time these walls make winegrowing here a manual work - and this is expensive.
Walking through the vineyards, along the dry stone walls, enjoying the views (and maybe tasting one or the other grape :-)) is pure fun. Organic winegrowing is wide spread, and so you might find wormwood and roses instead of the smell of pesticides.