I was thrilled and delighted to discover that one of my favourite artists - Hundertwasser (1928-2000) - had his last work built here in Magdeburg. It is very easy to find as it is close to the Cathedral. At a cost to build of 27.1million Euro, it contains 55 apartments, a hotel and a kindergarten.
This is definitely well worth seeing - Hundertwasser didn't believe in straight lines - either in his paintings or his buildings and with a 33m spiral tower , the bright pink "Grüne Zitadelle" is just stunning.
Magdeburg Cathedral, dedicated to St. Maurice and St. Catherine, is the first Gothic cathedral erected on German soil as well as the highest cathedral in East Germany with a height of 104m. The beginning of the cathedral can be traced back to 937 when Emperor Otto the First founded a monastery and dedicated it to St. Maurice (until today St. Maurice and St. Catherine have remained the patrons of the cathedral). In 955, the church building was transformed into a basilica in Romanesque style, and in 968 Magdeburg became an Archbishopry. Otto the First had many precious Italian pieces of art shipped to Magdeburg (such as the baptismal font and columns) which can still be admired in today's cathedral. Together with the Emperor's palatinate the monumental cathedral formed the centre of the so-called "Third Rome". When Otto the First died in 973, he was buried at the side of his wife Editha in a tomb in the Magdeburg Cathedral. In 1207, the imperial cathedral suffered extensive damage in a devastating fire. Two years later reconstruction work began on the site of the former building and it took more than 300 years to build the monumental and venerable cathedral of today.
The famous Millennium Tower in Elbauenpark (make sure that you visit the highest wood/glue tower in the world and enjoy its marvellous exhibition on six floors).The tower, approximately 60 m high, houses an exhibition on the development of mankind. With an emphasis on research and discoveries in the natural sciences, it covers a period of 6000 years going from early history up to today. The exhibition area available for this purpose totals 8,000 m² on ten floors, hosting a maximum of 2300 visitors with an evacuation time of 13 minutes. The space provided inside the tower compares to that of 100 single-family houses.
Otto von Guericke (born Magdeburg Nov 20, 1602) was a German scientist and inventor.
In the mid-seventeenth century, Otto von Guericke used an air pump to remove the air from between two close-fitting hemispheres. Teams of 8 horses then could not separate them. Hence the discovery of the vacuum. A scaled-down version of the demonstration became standard in courses of natural philosophy.
Decorative hemispheres are everywhere in Magdeburg today.
Nature and culture fuse at the Elbauenpark - but not before April 15th! Depending on the season, there is lots to see and do here for all ages including beautiful gardens, children's play areas, water gardens, a "Panorama train", restaurants and cafes and a bar, butterfly house and sports areas. And of course the magnificent Jahrtausendturm (Millennium Tower) A 60 meter high wooden tower (the largest in the world) with interactive exhibits telling the story of 6000 years of the sciences and technology.
Special events include, hot air ballooning, a fireworks night and a ballet festival.
The park is well served by trams (lines 5 & 6) and bus 51 from the city centre.
A day ticket for adults costs just 2.5E which includes entry to the Turm and the Butterfly house. A family ticket costs 6E. Dogs are not permitted.
Officially known as *Cathedral of Saints*, Magdeburger Dom was originally built in 937 and considered to be Germany's earliest Gothic church. With towers reaching 104m it is also the tallest in East Germany. It sits in the vast Cathedral Square surrounded by coffee shops and restaurants.
Opening times are:
Sun 11.30 - 17.00
On Breiten Weg 203 to 206 is the main post-office building in Magdeburg. It was established between 1895 and 1899. The facade is in the style of Dutch late Gothic and the west construction is in the style of German Renaissance. Rochsche House and the German Reformed Church, were both lost in the construction of this main post office.
In 1990 the building's facade was extensively restored and the statue of Emporer Otto I was given a new head as his had been shot during the war!
I am always reading on VT "Look up!" but occasionally it's worth remember to "Look down!" You might see something interesting!
It maybe just a manhole cover, but someone took the trouble to design and make it, knowing full well people would just walk right over it! :)) There's all kinds of street furniture that we walk straight past, but often has interesting detail and information that goes unnoticed.
Asking friendly locals for names and info about places doesn't always work. Sometimes you just have to do the legwork yourself (or ask a knowledgeable VTer like Nemorino :))
St Johanneskirche is the oldest parish church in Magdeburg. Originally built 1131 in Romanic style it was destroyed in the great city fire of 1207, then rebuilt in gothic style. The late gothic entrance hall was added in 1453. Martin Luther preached in this church in 1524; shortly thereafter Magdeburg became a center of Protestantism. It is used today as a multifunctional hall for events and meetings. (Oh and there is a statue of Luther
in front of the building).
The Cultural History Museum is a great place for kids as it has loads of dinosaurs bones, stuffed animals, fish and fossil type exhibits on the ground floor. I am sure upstairs is much more cultural and historical but I didn't have time to see it all.
The exhibits I saw came from the Magdeburg region over the past millennia and even further back than that and are imaginatively and creatively displayed.
Entry is free and photography is not permitted.
Situated in the Market Square,in front of the old town hall, the Magdeburg Rider, was the only freestanding equestrian statue originally erected in the high Middle Ages in Europe.
The statue of the Magdeburg Knight, dates back to 1240 and represents Otto the Great, founder of the city in the 10th century.
Situated on the bank of the Elbe the gothic St Petrikirche was founded in 1522 at the start of the reformation. In 1631 the church suffered heavy damages and further destruction in January 1945 during bombing raids.
Reconstruction began in 1962 and was completed for the inaugural of Bishop Johannes Brown. In 1988 a new organ was installed and 3 new bells were hung in the bell tower.
There were several lovely churches in the city centre which we didn't have time to investigate unfortunately. St Sebastian's was one of them!
St Sebastian's is also considered to be a cathedral. The cornerstone was laid in 1015 by archbishop Gero. IIt was destroyed in the same city fire as the other churches and buildings in Magdeburg, and then re-built as a gothic church in the 14th/15th century.
Blücher, Gebhard Leberecht von , 1742–1819, Prussian field marshal, an outstanding military opponent of Napoleon I. An officer in the army of King Frederick II from 1760, he incurred royal displeasure when, believing himself passed over for promotion, he abruptly resigned in the early 1770s. He returned to service only in 1787 after Frederick's death. He fought well in the disastrous campaign of 1806 against the French and surrendered with honor near Lübeck. In the dark days that followed he helped Karl vom und zum Stein, K. A. von Hardenberg, and General Scharnhorst recreate the Prussian opposition to Napoleon. He was a leader in the War of Liberation (1813–14). Although ill and subject to delusions, he won brilliant victories at Wahlstatt and Möckern and played a part in the defeat of the French at Leipzig. Crossing the Rhine, he led his army to Paris. In the Waterloo campaign of 1815, he was defeated at Ligny but arrived at the battle of Waterloo in time to make it a victory. In 1814 he was made prince of Wahlstatt.
the history of The Old Town Hall goes back to the 12th or 13th century. It was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War, and then rebuilt in the style of the Italian renaissance. The bronze door at the main entrance shows episodes of the history of Magdeburg.