If you ever wondered about the structures between the Mosque and Jew’s Gate, these are old military structures which are mostly abandoned. Some of them have been already restored for new purposes, for example as a conference center. Other parts remain in use for the local government. The base includes former West Battery which was in use during WWII. I do not know about the access, but some structures give an impressing site seen from below.
As Gibraltar looks across the Gibraltar straits, which are fairly narrow, it plays a key part in controlling access to and from the Mediterrainean Sea.
Having a big rock here means that from the top, you can see right across to Africa. Therefore putting a big gun on the top of the rock gives you the ability to hit any shipping coming in or out (unless it is a submarine, but I believe other methods were used for these!).
Note:- I'm sure this gun is now retired ;-)
This picture shows one of the ig guns that was built by the British right on top of the Rock of Gibraltar. It's not the most interesting of photos, but it is possible to look out from the top and imagine the range of this gun fairly easily.
Healy's Mortar is effectively a round cyclindrical hole cut deep (at approx 45 degree angle) into some rock. The intention was to fill the bottom up with gunpowder (over 20kgs), then place a wooden cover of this, and then add around 1,500 rocks weighing approx 0.5 kilos each. A slow 5 minute fuse would then be lit whilst everyone nearby hid. The idea then was that the mortar would fire, and all of the rocks would hit Spanish lines. The picture shows the mortar hole on the left hand side, and a sign on the right describing the mortar.
Unfortunately, the rocks typically ended up hitting the British fortress, so the mortar was mothballed.
This Mortar can be found just North of the Apes Den at the Queens Gate on the Upper part of the Rock.
The battery that overlooks the Strait separating Spain from Morocco is actually closed to the public.
For those adventuresome enough to climb the fence will be rewarded with a great view from alongside the large gun that points towards the African continent.
Rosia Bay this is where Nelson's body came in after the battle of tralfalger,granted it's just a dock but you can go there & imagine.(when i was a kid it was used for swimming,does'nt seemed to be now don't know why,)
Next to it is Parson's Lodge,that is worth a visit if your into military history & cannons etc.
These are both found in Rosia Rd.
If you keep on walking past both of these you will go through a short tunnel & come out in Camp Bay,if you have children there are two swimming pools with dolphin's in,and a small restaurant.(open only in summer)At the further end of this bay you will find another pool nutfields.
Where there is a waterfall coming out of the rock.
Then just a little on down side of nutfields there is Little bay....I think these are all worth visiting for something a little off the beaten track.
The Moorish Castle. Parts of the Castle were built in 740 something. Most of it was rebuilt in the 1400's. It is a great example of Moorish and Islamic Architecture.