Statues / Monuments / Museums, Gibraltar
During the Second World War the Polish Prime Minister in exile, General Sikorsky lost his life in an a air crash as his plane took off from Gibraltar on the fourth of July 1943.
General Wladyslaw Sikorsky was the commander -in -chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minster of the Polish government in exile. In the crash all fifteen passengers had died with only the pilot surviving. The crash happened near Europa Point and the original propeller was recovered from the sea which now it has become the Polish War Memorial.
The memorial it was designed and constructed by Polish company and the sandstone was brought in from Poland. Prior to this new memorial two other memorials were erected at this spot were the first one in 1945 and the second on in 2003. The new War Memorial was unveiled on 4th of July 2013.
By the War Memorial there’s a plaque that it was donated by RAF North Front and the text is as follows.
Near this spot
General W³adys³aw Sikorski
Prime Minister of Poland and commander in chief of Polish forces
lost his life in a flying accident on the 4th of July 1943
He fought and died in the service of his country and for the common cause of all nations fighting for freedom
NON OMNIS MORIAR
The memorial it's five metres wide and three metres high and the sandstone that it was brought from Poland it was used for the disk on the ground. At the back of the memorial it’s a semi circular wall with the names of all the other passengers from the plane crash and at the top of the plaque it’s a carved Polish military eagle.
The building of the Parliament of Gibraltar it’s located in the Main Street a few metres away from St Mary the Crowned church.It’s painted in a very soft pink colour with a bust of George Don who was a British Army Military officer and colonial governor of Gibraltar for seventeen years in the eighteenth century. Above the bust you can see the symbol of the city.
It was constructed in 1817 and previously it was a commercial library and the exchange of Gibraltar.
I had a look through the iron gates to see if I could see anything but what it was through there it was one wall with plaques (fourth photo) the other side it was all Christmas decorations but the floor that it was exposed had mosaics with different Regiments and the one in the fifth photo it was Talavera Northamptonshire which it was the Regiment of Northamptonshire also known as the Regiment of Foot.
The Gibraltar war memorial it’s on the first roundabout after the airport going into the centre. It was unveiled on 27th of September 1923 by the then Governor of Gibraltar Sir Charles Monro and the sculptor was Jose Piquet Catoli of Barcelona.
The statue it’s made of carrara marble and nearby there are two Russian Guns which they were brought in Gibraltar in 1858 after they been captured during the Crimean War but I couldn’t find them. All together four of these guns have been presented to the City of Gibraltar.
The memorial it was built and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Commission.
We had stopped at the Pillars of Hercules also known as the Jews Gate because of the old Jewish cemetery that’s behind the trees there on our way to the Upper Rock so our taxi/ guide could pick up the tickets for us so we could enter the caves and the Nature Reserve. He had given us 10 minutes to take pictures before we had to move on to St Michael’s caves.
Well we had missed the cemetery all together as the guide didn’t included in our tour, that’s why I don’t like tours they too rushed and not enough time to do and see thinks properly.
The views from there were great and we were lucky as we had a very nice weather for it.
The Pillars of Hercules flanks the entrance to the strait of Gibraltar.
According to the Greek mythology when Hercules was on his way to the garden of Hesperides he had to cross the mountain that was once Atlas but instead of climbing the mountain Hercules used his supernatural power to smash trough it. By doing so he connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and formed the Strait of Gibraltar.
The Foundation Stone with the Coats of Arms of Gibraltar on top it was laid by THR the Prince and Princess Edward Earl and Countess of Wessex on 11th June 2012 to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
This monument it’s on Line Wall Road which overlooks the port and the new Jubilee Commonwealth Park.
This proud statue of the soldier stands on the corner of the Main Street looking down Casemates Square and opposite the Cathedral of St Mary the Crowned.
The statue its a gift from the Corps of the Royal Engineers to commemorate the formation in Gibraltar of the company of Soldier Artificers in 1772 which later became the Royal Engineers in 1856.
The statue it was installed on twenty-sixth of March 1994.
Opposite the Trafalgar Cemetery is a statue of Lord Horatio Nelson. He famously defeated the combined Spanish and French fleets on October 21, 1805. He also famously died during the battle ("Kiss me Hardy"). Unlike any other statue of Nelson, he is life sized and you can stand right next to him. He is represented exactly as he was shortly before he was killed. Even the arm he had amputated at the Battle of of Santa Cruz de Tenerife on 25 July 1797. He was famous for that as well. He went 'back to work' 30 minutes after a surgeon cut it off.
The statue was created by English sculptor John Doubleday. It was presented to the people of Gibralar by Peter Caruana, the Chief Minister of Gibraltar, to celebrate the 200th anniversary of Trafalgar on October 28, 2005.
This was a small but interesting Museum; and it seemed to be rather busy with visitors when I visited on the Saturday morning when I made my visit. There is a £2 admission charge and there is a small "shop" with a range of books and memorabilia.
It provides an overview of the history of the Gibraltar - military, social and geological.
The monument in the shape of the rock is one of the first things you see after crossing the airport runway into Gibraltar. It shows the various civilisations that have inhabited Gibraltar throughout history.
The Cradle of History monument represents some periods of Gibraltar's ancient history. It shows the skull of a Neanderthal Man, which was found here.
Apart from that the concrete monument includes one of the Pillars of Hercules and mentions of Phoenician, Roman and Moorish times, as well as an image of an anchor representing the Battle of Trafalgar.
For those fans of Royalty who would like to enjoy the same view over Gibraltar as Queen Elizabeth once did, you’ll find a small viewpoint at Queens Road, close to the junction of this street and Cave Branch Road. OK, Gibraltar is not the same as it was in the 1950s, but at least it’s still British … The Queen’s visit on May 10th and 11th 1954 was by now the only one by the present Monarch and was done in a time when tensions with Spain arose again. For those who can’t get enough of royalty, have a look at Queen Elizabeth’s Royal Cypher in the Alameda Gardens.
General Wladyslaw Sikorski was the leader of the exiled Polish government during WWII and a symbol for Polish resistance at this time. On July 4th 1943, Sikorski returned from an inspection of Polish forces in the Middle East. It was necessary to make a technical stopover in Gibraltar before returning to London. At 23:07 local time, Sikorskis plane took off from Gibraltar Airport and crashed into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after take-off. After Sikorski’s death, the role of the Polish within the allied forces diminished as his successors lacked the authority Sikorski had. Rumours about an assesination attempt quikcly arose, but none has been confirmed. It seems that it was just a tragic aviation accidnet. A monument, made out of an old propeller blade, was placed near the Cemetery. Two commemorative plaques, one in Polish and one in English, can be found in the Great Siege tunnels.
In the ancient world, the rock of Gibraltar was believed to be one of the “Pillars of Hercules”, called “Mons Calpe”. The other one is said to be Monte Hacho, called “Mons Abile”. According to ancient mythology, they support the world. Together they are said to form a gate to the Mediterranean, which is depicted in several documents, including the Spanish coats of arms, throughout the centuries.
To get an overview of Gibraltar’s history from the geological formation of the rock to the current dispute with Spain, Gibraltar Museum is the right place. A 15-minute-film will give you a short overview while you should plan around 45 minutes for the rest of the exhibition. The exhibition is not as large as those in other historical museums, but still worth a visit. The house stands on the remains of a 14th century moorish bathhouse which can are part of the exhibition. As of 2009, admission fee was 2 pounds.
This monument was placed to remember all the different historical events connected to Gibraltar. It ranges from the discovery of the first Neanderthal skull ever discovered to the military strategic point it was in WWII. The monument is located next to the runway, directly at the gate to cross the runway. It is on the southwestern side, meaning on the right before the runway when coming from the city.