Acropolis - Erechtheion-Caryatids, Athens

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    porch of the Caryatids
    by mindcrime
  • porch of the Caryatids
    porch of the Caryatids
    by mindcrime
  • THE LADYS OF THE ERECHTHEION,THE CARYATIDS.
    THE LADYS OF THE ERECHTHEION,THE...
    by gwendar
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    ACROPOLIS - THE ERECHTHEION

    by LoriPori Written Jun 26, 2007

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    Built into the hillside to the left of the Parthenon, the elegant and delicate form of THE ERECHTHEION supposedly contained the tomb of Erechtheus, a statue of Athena and a temple for Poseidon. Construction of the Erechtheion began in 420 B.C. and concluded in 406 B.C.
    The Temple faces east and its entrance is lined with six long Ionic columns. The Temple is unusual in that it incorporates two Porches (prostaseis). One at the northwest corner which is supported by the tall Ionic columns and one at the southwest corner which is supported by six massive female statues, the famous Caryatids. The maidens are not the original statues. They are located in the Acropolis Museum encased in glass.
    I found the Erechtheion the most wonderful of the Acropolis buildings. I sure took enough pictures of it.

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    Erechtheium temple

    by mindcrime Updated May 10, 2014

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    I always liked Erectheion more than the Parthenon that stands just on the right of it!
    It was built in between 421 and 406 B.C. entirely of Pentelic marble, in the ionic order, probably by architect Mnisiclis that was also responsible for the Propylaia.

    It was named after King Erichtonius (the early ruler of Athens) although some sources focus on Erectheus which came later but some texts confused them into one (eg Euripides in his tragedy Erechteus). The main temple was divided into two big sections, each of them dedicated to the worship of the two principal gods of Attica, Athena and Poseidon-Erechtheus. Here was where a lot of ancient ceremonies were taking place and within the foundations lived the sacred snake of the temple, which represented the spirit of Cecrops (a mythical king) and whose well-being was thought essential for the safety of the city.

    The whole building looks elegant but unusual at the same time and managed to survive through many difficulties including bambard by the ottomans during the Greek War of Independence in early 19th century.

    What I always liked (and still do) is the famous porch of the Caryatids, the famous Maidens on the south side of Erectheion. Those six massive female statues are sculpted each one in a manner different from the rest and they seem to carry the weight of the roof over their heads! They are replicas of the original statues but don’t worry!... you can see the original ones at the New Acropolis museum (one of them is in London thanks to Lord Elgin…that tried to take a second one but failed causing the destruction of the statue when he tried to have it sawn to pieces!!!…I wonder if he could take everything from the rock of Acropolis)

    Erechtheion temple at Acropolis hill Erechtheion temple porch of the Caryatids porch of the Caryatids
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    Erechtheion

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Jul 23, 2008

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    The Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis. The temple as seen today is considered to be built in the V-th century BC. It may have been built in honor of the legendary king Erechtheus. The main structure consists of up to four compartments, the largest being the east cella, with an Ionic portico on its east end.
    The internal layout has since been obscured by the temple's later use as a church and possibly as a Turkish harem.

    You may watch my high resolution photo of Acropolis on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 58' 18.39" N 23º 43' 33.66" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Erechtheion.

    Athens - Acropolis - Erechtheion Athens - Acropolis - Erechtheion Athens - Acropolis - Erechtheion Athens - Acropolis - Erechtheion Athens - Acropolis - Erechtheion
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    Porch of the Caryatids

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Jul 23, 2008

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    On the north side, there is another large porch with columns, and on the south, the famous "Porch of the Maidens", with six draped female figures (caryatids) as supporting columns, each sculpted in a manner different from the rest and engineered in such a way that their slenderest part, the neck, is capable of supporting the weight of the porch roof whilst remaining graceful and feminine.

    You may watch my high resolution photo of Acropolis on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 58' 18.72" N 23º 43' 34.39" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Porch of the Caryatids .

    Acropolis - Porch of the Caryatids Acropolis - Porch of the Caryatids Acropolis - Porch of the Caryatids Acropolis - Porch of the Caryatids
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    ACROPOLIS - THE CARYATIDS

    by LoriPori Written Jun 26, 2007

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    The Caryatids have become the Erechtheion temple’s signature feature, as they stand and seem to casually support the weight of the porch’s roof on their heads. Their identification, or the purpose for such elaborate column treatment is lost through the centuries. All the Caryatids on site today are exact replicas, while the originals are protected by the corrosive air of modern Athens in the Acropolis museum, encased in glass. One of the six Caryatids can be seen in the London museum having been appropriated, some say stolen, by Lord Elgin along with the Parthenon marbles.
    I found the lovely maidens so wonderful and photogenic.

    The six lovely maidens - the Caryatids
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    Athens - The Erechtheum

    by littlesam1 Updated Jun 11, 2007

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    The Erectheum is one of the more unusual buildings on the Acropolis. It is built into the hillside and has many unusual sides and angles in its design. At one time it supposedly housed the tomb of Erechtheus (a mytholigical hero), a statue of Athena Polias and a temple for Poseidon. According to mythology Athena challenged Poseidon for the honor of becoming the patron dividinity of Athens. Poseidon created a salt water spring, but Athena caused an olive tree to grow on the spot. The judges chose Athena's olive tree as the winner. Today there is an olive tree growing near the one side of the temple to represent this contest. I did not walk on this side of the building as I did not realize there was an olive tree there until I came home and read some references on the building.

    The Porch of Maidens on the one side are not the original statues. They are located in the Acropolis Museum. There are six caryatids or maidens holding up the support for the porch. Instead of saying te caryatids or maidens Mark nicknamed them 'the chicks" and that became our label for them the rest of our stay.

    The elaborate design of this temple is in direct contrast to the simple beauty of the Parthenon just above it. All in all a fascinating building.

    Porch of Maidens

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    The Erecthion

    by Sharon Written Apr 10, 2004

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    This has captured my eys !
    There is something about it, something else... and i was quite facsinated looking at it.
    The Erecthion Actually built on the most sacred site of the Acropolis ! where Poseidon and Athena had their contest over who would be the Patron of the city.

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    Marvel at the Lady Caryatids (replicas)

    by jumpingnorman Written Jan 22, 2009

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    I was driving here in Arizona and passed by a little stoneyard and saw a replica of those nice maidens I saw in the Parthenon --- wow, I wanted to buy them but then backed out when the owner wanted to sell it for US$12000 for the 4 statues. It would have looked great in my backyard, hehehe…

    But these structures are the Caryatids, the maiden columns of the Erechteion. Karyatides literally means "maidens of Karyae" (an ancient town).
    Somebody was telling me that women were locked inside in ancient times as a harem for the city officials --- not sure if this is true?

    But the structures that are now at the Parthenon are not the original ones. There were six original figures and one was removed by Lord Elgin in the early 1800s and brought to the British Museum in London. The other five figures were damaged by erosion and are stored in the Acropolis Museum.

    Caryatid Maidens in the Acropolis, Greece
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    Erechtheion

    by Jmill42 Written Mar 15, 2004

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    Completed in 406 BC, the Erechtheion gets its name from a former king of Athens, Erechtheus.

    It, along with the Parthenon, are the two dominating monuments on the Acropolis.
    What seperates the Erechtheion from the Parthenon, besides the size and fame, are the Caryatids, which grace the southern face of the the temple.

    The Erechtheion

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    Caryatids

    by Jmill42 Written Mar 15, 2004

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    Sometimes referred to as the Porch of the Maidens, the south side of the Erechtheion contains the statues know as the Caryatids. These are the famous statues in the image of females in gowns flowing in the wind. What you see today are replicas and the originals are located only steps away in the Acropolis Museum.

    Side Note: Not ALL of the Caryatids are located there, as one is located in London.

    The Caryatids

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    The Erectheum

    by shrimp56 Updated Nov 11, 2004

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    If you come up to the Acropolis from the direction I did one of the first buildings you will see is the Erectheum -- with its "people pillars" or Caryatides. Due to pollution damage the originals are now in the Acropolis Museum.
    .
    It was built 421-406 BCE to house sacred objects and was the last building to be placed on the Acropolis in classical times. The gods Athena and Poseidon are reputed to have had their power struggle over Athens on this spot. I think we know Athena won!

    The Erectheum
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    The Erechtheum & The Porch of Maidens

    by BorneoGrrl Written Sep 4, 2007

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    Just beside the Parthenon sits the Erechtheum, a temple dedicated either to the legendary Greek hero Erichthonius or King Erechtheus. This is another fine example of Greek architecture and the highlight of the building is the "Porch of the Caryatids", where six maidens statues stand as supporting columns facing the Parthenon.

    However, the caryatids you see in the Erechtheum are actually replicas of the originals. One of the statues was removed and is now housed in the British Museum, while you can see the remaining caryatids in the Acropolis Museum.

    Porch of the Caryatids The Erechtheum
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    Acropolis - Erechtheion

    by gale.blog.pl Updated Mar 14, 2005

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    Construction of Erechtheion started in year 421 BC and ended in 406 BC. Most probably the architect's name was Mnesicles.

    Erechtheion was sacrificed to Erechthereus, subduer of Eleusis and bringer of civilization to Attica, later identified with Poseidon.

    The place is famous for its Caryatid Porch. Unfortunately the maidens we can see today are only copies :(

    Erechtheion
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    The Erechteion

    by Pieter11 Written May 24, 2005

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    About 90 metres to the east, coming from the Propylaea, the Erechteion is located. In ancient times, the palace of the emperor of Mycenian Athens was situated here. Later there was built a first Erechteion at this place, but that one was destroyed in 480 B.C. by the Persians.

    The new Erechteion, that is visible now, was built between 437 and 432, and between 409 and 406 B.C. There was a break in the construction because of the Peloponnesian War. This Erechteion the the second largest building on top of the Acropolis. Only the Parthenon is bigger. The building is named after its architect: Erechteus, who is told to be buried inside the temple.

    In the Erechteion three gods are honoured: Zeus, Poseidon and Hephaistos. There also was a wooden statue of goddess Athena inside this temple. This statue first was located in the temple of Athene, but after the Erechteion was finished, it was moved here.

    The Erechteion is built in an Ionical style of construction. Because of the fact that there are so many gods that are honoured in this temple, there was a complex group of spaces inside. The northern hallway was used as temple for Poseidon. The eastern room was dedicated to Athena. The rest of the spaces are not known.

    The roof of the southern hallway is kept up by six famous womenstatues, the so called Kariathides. Because of pollution and rain the original statues have been damaged and therefore they have been removed and replaced by concrete copies.

    One of the Kariathides The Erechteion The Erechteion The Erechteion The Erechteion
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    Erecthion

    by maple_air Updated Nov 18, 2004

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    This was Acropolis's holiest shrine, where in symbolic reconciliation, Athena and the city's old patron Poseidon- Erectheus were both worshipped.

    Among the structures left here in Acropolis, this is my favorite. I just think its amazing how it is to design the pillars of this part of the temple into these maidens.

    The south side of this temple, is the Porch of the Carytids, wherein the Ionic line was transformed into six maidens ( Carytids ) holding the entablature on their heads. What can be seen today are only replicas, four of the original ones are in the Acropolis Museum, one is in storage and one is in the British Museum.

    Erecthion/ Carytids
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