Philopappos Hill and Monument, Athens
The Hill of the Muses, south-west of the Acropolis and with a view that sweeps from the Salamis Gulf to the Argolic Hills, is now known as Philopappou Hill. From here you are almost at eye-level with the Acropolis and you have a breathtaking view of the Parthenon. Below, the city stretches out for miles around, extending to the mountains of Parnitha and Imittos. The monument in memory of the Roman Gaius Ioulius Antiochus Philopappos, a benefactor of the town, was put on the top of the hill in 115 AD.
Between the Hill of the Muses and Pnyx there was the Koili (cavity), one of the most densely populated areas of Athens. Access the trails and footpaths of Philopappou from Dionysiou Areopagitou Street. Opposite the tea pavilion and the rustic chapel of Agiou Dimitriou, flagstone footpaths lined with wild flowers wind up through the pine groves. Doves coo sleepily in the trees. Philopappou is a place to meditate and contemplate the marvels of this grand old city. The downward trail leads to the Pnyx, the meeting place of the Assembly where such great orators as Demosthenes and Themistocles addressed the citizens of Athens. In the evening, you can come here to watch the spectacular sound and light Show on the Acropolis, which tells the history of the city.
Beside the Pnyx is Mouseion Hill. Themistocles' long wall ran south from here and commanded the road to the port of Piraeus. Opposite the Pnyx is the Hill of the Nymphs, the site of the Observatory.
Philopappos Hill has a monument on top built in 114 dedicated to a Roman administrator, Julius Antiochus Philopappos. You can walk up the path of the 147m hill to the monument.
It was once a defensive fort built by Macedonian general-turned-king Demetrios Poliorketes in 294 BC, and was the location from where the Venetians bombed the Acropolis.
Philopappos Hill is one of the few green areas in the city and an ideal place for walking, with magnificent views of the Acropolis and the sea. It is also a favourite promenade place for the Athenians.
The monument of Philopappos is dated to 114-116 A.D. It was erected by the Athenians in honor of the great benefactor of their city, the exiled prince of Commagene, Julius Antiochus Philopappos who settled in Athens, became a citizen and assumed civic and religious offices.
According to Pausanias, the monument was built on the same site where Mousaios was formerly buried and contains the burial chamber.
The north side of the monument, which was visible from the Acropolis, was the facade, and beared lavish architectural decoration. The monument was preserved almost intact as late as the 15th century A.D.
Philopappos Hill is south of the Plaka and Monastiraki areas and can be seen easily from atop the Acropolis. The hill took it name from the funeral monument built at its top in 115 A.D in memory of Gaius Julius Antiochus Philopappos, who was a Roman consul. The monument was 10 meters high with statues of the family of Filopappos. The hill is pine-covered and the top offers visitors panoramic views over Athens, the acropolis and the Saronic Gulf. It is only accessible by foot. The hill also houses the small Byzantine chapel of Agios Dimitrios which contains some fine frescoes.
This hill got its name from the monument on its peak. The monument was built to in 115 A.D as a memorial to Gaius Julius Antiochus Philopappos who was a Roman leader of the day. The monument contains staues of Filopappos and his family.
Alos on the hill, there is the small Byzantine chapel of Agios Dimitrios which some really detailed frescoes.
Given my choice, I would chose to climb up Mt Filopappos Hill for a view of Athens, rather than Lycabettus. It has a wonderful rock outcropping down from the monument that gives a wonderful, quiet, serene view over the Acropolis and city. As with all hills, there is a bit of a climb. Once again, Filopappos wins over Lycabettus, as you begin your walk in a park and wind along a tree-lined path up to the scenic outlook or monument further up the hill.
The monument of Philopappos is dated to 114-116 A.D. It was erected by the Athenians in honor of the great benefactor of their city, the exiled prince of Commagene, Julius Antiochus Philopappos who settled in Athens, became a citizen and assumed civic and religious offices. According to Pausanias, the monument was built on the same site where Mousaios was formerly buried.
The monument measures 9.80 x 9.30 m. and contains the burial chamber. It is built of white Pentelic marble on a socle 3.08 m. high, made of poros stone and veneered with slabs of Hymettian marble. The north side of the monument, which was visible from the Acropolis, was the facade, and beared lavish architectural decoration. The monument was preserved almost intact as late as the 15th century A.D. when Cyriacus of Ancona visited the site and copied the five inscriptions on the facade. The three inscriptions below the statues record the names of the persons represented. The central figure is Philopappos, son of Epiphanes, on the left is Antiochus, son of king Antiochus, and on the right was king Seleucus Nicator, son of Antiochus.
Built 114AD to honour this prince of northern Syria, Athenian citizen and Roman consul and praetor, it was originally a concave facade surmounting a rectangular tomb, although it is no longer complete. The Blue Guide speaks lovingly of the view at sunset from here, and one hopes that if the air becomes cleaner the Saronic Gulf will be seen more often!
In the pine forest area away from the bustle of the crowd is the hill which is crowned by the Monument to Philopappos. Few people come here yet the view of the Parthenon is excellent and it is a haven far from the madding crowd that you can watch milling on the Acropolis itself.
This monument was created in honor of the great benefactor of their city Julius Antiochus Philopappos. It's one of the most amazing sites I found around Athens.
This is perfect scenary for those people who draw water colours... Every time I pass by this spot I had to stop and contemplate it.