The Philippeion in the Altis of Olympia was an Ionic circular memorial of ivory and gold, which contained statues of Philip's family, Alexander the Great, Olympias, Amyntas III and Eurydice II.
It was made by Athenian sculptor Leochares in celebration of Philip's victory at Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC).
The Leonidaion was the lodging place for athletes taking part in the Olympic Games at Olympia. It was located at the southwest edge of the sanctuary and was the largest building on the site. It was constructed around 330 BCE and was funded and designed by Leonidas of Naxos.
The building consisted of four Ionian colonnades with 138 decorated columns, forming a square of approximately 80 metres. In its interior there was a central Doric peristyle with 44 columns.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 38' 17.87" N 21º 37' 41.26" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Leonidaion.
Metroon was the name given to a building dedicated to the mother goddess, Cybele, Rhea, or Demeter, in Ancient Greece.
Part of the complex of Olympia, and sited immediately below the terrace which houses the Treasuries, is the late 4th/early 3rd century Metroon.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 38' 19.68" N 21º 37' 49.04" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Metroon.
The stadium which could seat at least 20,000 people and was the largest of its kind. Outside the enclosure to the West, was the Stadium with a 45,000 seating capacity (men only were allowed in).
The first stadium was constructed around 560 BCE, it consisted of just a simple track. The stadium was remodelled around 500 BCE with sloping sides for spectators and shifted slightly to the east. Over the course of the 6th century BCE a range of sports was added to the Olympic festival.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 38' 22.85" N 21º 38' 3.00" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Stadion.
Access to the Stadium was along a vaulted passage and, to the South, was the Vouleutirion where the Olympic Senate met.
The entrance to the Stadium from the north-east corner of the Altis was a privileged one, reserved for the judges of the games, the competitors and the heralds. Its form was that of a vaulted tunnel, 100 Olympian feet in length.
It was probably constructed in Roman times. To the west was a vestibule, from which the Altis was entered by a handsome gateway.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates or 37º 38' 19.96" N 21º 37' 54.72" E on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Crypt 1 and Olympia Crypt 2.
The most outstanding building in Olympia is the Temple of Zeus, built by Livon. The Temple of Zeus at Olympia, is considered to be built in 470-456 BC, was the very model of the fully-developed classical Greek temple of the Doric order.
The temple stood in the most famous sanctuary of Greece, which had been dedicated to local and Pan-Hellenic deities and had probably been established towards the end of the Mycenaean period. The Altis, the enclosure with its sacred grove, open-air altars and the tumulus of Pelops, was first formed during the tenth and ninth centuries BCE, when the cult of Zeus joined the established cult of Hera.
The main structure of the building was of a local limestone that was unattractive and of poor quality, and so it was coated with a thin layer of stucco to give the appearance of marble.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 38' 15.57" N 21º 37' 48.88" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Temple of Zeus 1 and Olympia Temple of Zeus 2.
The palaestra is oriented precisely to the cardinal points and is very symmetrical in plan. Like all palaestra, the palaestra at Olympia is centered around a large courtyard covered with sand for use as a boxing or wrestling surface. Along all four sides of the palaestra are rooms that opened onto the porticoes.
The building is entered through the south side through two separate doorways, each with Corinthian columns distyle in antis, thus immediately establishing symmetry within the plan of the structure.
You may watch 8 min 19 sec VIDEO-Clip Greece Olympia Arhea out of my YouTube channel or only listen to the beautiful Greek music while learning my tips from Olympia Arhea.
The Temple of Hera is an important monument of the ruins of Doric architecture. The Temple of Hera was destroyed by an earthquake in the early 4th century AD, and never rebuilt. In modern times, the temple is the location where the torch of the Olympic flame is lit, by focusing the rays of the sun.
The Temple located in the north of the altis (the sacred precinct), is the oldest peripteral temple at that site, and one of the earliest Doric temples in Greece. There may have been an older cult place in the same location. The temple was erected circa 600 BC.
The temple measures 50 x 18m at stylobate level; such elongated proportions are a common feature of early Doric architecture. It has a peripteros of 6 by 16 columns.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Olympia on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 37º 38' 19.12" N 21º 37' 44.15" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Olympia Temple of Hera and Olympia Temple of Hera from aside.
The Palaestra, erected during the 3rd century BCE, was used for the practice of wrestling, boxing and long jumping.Much of the colonnade surrounding the central court of the Palaestra has been reconstructed.The Palaestra is located to the west of the Altis, near the Kládeos river. It is south of the Gymnasium and adjoining it.
The stadium of Olympia was built in the 4th c BCE to the East of the sanctuary.
It is 212.54 meters (600 Olympic feet) long, and 28.50m wide. It was never lined with seats and the spectators watched the games from the embankments. Today the starting and finishing lines are visible, along with the stone seats of the Hellanodikes (the judges
Hera's altar is the location of where the Olympic flame is lit every four years for the modern Olympic games. This tradition was not started in 1896 when the games were renewed. The idea of using the sun to light an Olympic flame at the site of the ancient Olympiad and transporting it to the location of the modern Olympics was begun in 1936 during the Berlin games. In 2004, the Olympic torch passed through six continents on its tour around the world before ending up in Athens.
Doric peripheral temple with 6 columns in front and 13 columns along the side, the Temple of Zeus measuries 64.12m x 27.66m. It was designed by Libon, an architect from Eleia, and built between 470 and 456 BCE using spoils from the 472 BCE war between Eleia and Pisa (which had resulted in Pisa's destruction). The Temple of Zeus was further built on a raised platform, giving it a commanding presence for the entire city.
The temple dedicated to the cult of Hera is found on the southern slopes of Cronos Hill. Construction of the Heraion began in the middle of the 7th century BC; the commencement of the construction of monumental buildings in the 7th century marked the increasing importance of Olympia as a Pan-Hellenic sanctuary. The Heraion is one of the oldest examples of monumental temple architecture in Greece .
The Bouleuterion at Olympia, Greece, is the building where the administration took place. It is shaped as early Greek temples were shaped in a kind of square horse-shoe and it has tiered seating arrangement.
The stone used in Olympia is basically limestone. This stone photographed at the gymnasium, is made of shell limestone and the fossilized shells are clearly visible. They are mostly cockle looking shells. Can I call them Olympic cockles?