The church of Aghios Therapon in Mytilini, built by the Genoesi. It stands out among the other buildings with its imposing, elaborate dome, virtually dominating the port.
In the North part of the town, between a green pinewood and the sea, stand the remains of the castle. It is quite well preserved; it is among the bigger castles in the Mediterranean area and is considered a masterpiece of the medieval architecture of fortifications. Its construction and its consolidation came in different periods. The initial nucleus of the castle was most probably constructed with an ancient building material, during the Justinian times. It was later restored by Francisco Gattilusio. At that period it was considered impregnable and strong. An extension was built when the island was under the Ottoman Turkish Rule.
At the gates and other points of the castle there are coats of arms of the Paleologos and Gattilusio families. Within the fortress walls there are arcades, a superb piece of craftsmanship which served as an assembly area for the women and children while the castle was under attack. Adequate ventilation and lighting was provided via purpose-built small openings in the fortress walls. There are long passages behind the arcades. A legend says that there were some exits from the galleries at a very far distance from the castle; however they remain unfound until today. Inside the walls a cistern is also preserved, Roman or Byzantine, constructed with impermeable materials.
The fortress communicated with the “Casteli” by the port, a graphic bastion occupying the area where the Statue of Liberty stands today.
Nowadays, during the summer months a variety of cultural events are held within the fortress walls, in a section, which has been appropriately modified to suit this purpose.
A view of the city from the castle. The name of Mytilini comes from the amcient greek word "'mytilos" which means "mussel". Even today, the Geras bay has a good production of mussels.
Eftalou Beach, Mytilini, 81108, gr