Emperor Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, who selected Thessaloniki as the capital of the realm, built the arch to the memory of his victory over the Persian forces in 303 AD.
By this victory Mesopotamia became the part of the empire and he obtained even additional areas on the east coast of the river Tiger.
This was the largest expansion of the Roman empire reached ever in the east.
After the turkish occupation a big part of the arch has been destroyed.
Kamara is also a characteristic monument of Thessaloniki. It is a part of a Roman triumph arc built after the victory of Galerius against Persians, in about 306 AD.
This triumph arc was also part of the palace complex of Galerius, along with Rotonda and the ruins of the palace found in Navarinou square.
kamara, or as we called it, simply 'the arch', is a popular meeting point for young people in thessaloniki (now that i think of it, i don't remember seeing any old people there - what do they do with them?!? :D ). it is there since the romans (i think it was a part or an aquaduct) and at some time, there was a tram going under it (i guess not during the romans :D ). that's about all i can remember of it's history:D
Built shortly before A.D. 305 in commemoration of Galerius' victory over the Persians in 297. It was a part of a four gateway which was situated at the point where the ceremonial way from the palace complex met the city's busiest thoroughfare. The reliefs depict and extol the Emperor's victory over the Persians. It is located at the junction of Egnatia and Dimitriou Gounari streets.
The Galerius Arch of Triumph used to constitute the west part of a covered market which joined the Rotunda and the Roman Palace.
It was built in the beginning of the 4th century in honour of emperor Galerius upon his triumphal return from his victorious campaign against the Persians.
The arch is decorated with marble reliefs and festoons of leaves.
It used to be connected to the Rotunda and the palace, but now it serves mostly as a meeting place and a landmark. It's old and not really very much to look at, but alas, I would not feel as if I had seen Thessaloniki without taking a picture of it.
As you probably agree, gale has to comment on Arch of GALErius :)
Built a little before 305 A.D. in commemoration of Galerius’s victory over the Persians in 297. (It stands at the junction of Egnatia and D. Gounari Streets).
One of the most important and famous as well symbols of Thessaloniki is the Arch of Galerius. The Arch of Galerius was built in 305 AD, to celebrate the definitive triumph of the Emperor over the Persians. The whole structure consisted of 4 main pillars and 2 smaller ones on each side, the former supporting a central dome. Through the latter, a connection to the Galerius Palace (to the south) and to the Rotunda (to the north) was possible. Today, only a part of the monument still stands and there is no information on the period or the circumstances under which the rest of the arch was destroyed. From the original triumphal arch only three pillars and a part of the brick ma-sonry above are preserved to the present day. The two main pillars are covered with sculpted marble slabs, which narrate the wars of Galerius against the Persians. The central arched opening is 9.7 m wide and 12.5 m high and the secondary 4.85 m and 6.5 m respectively.
Galerius's Arch was constructed in 303AD in order to commemorate Galerius's victory over the Persians. Scenes from the battle can clearly be scene as bas relief on the sides of the arch. The arch is also remarkable because it is surrounded by the modern shops and cafés of a predominantly student quarter of the city.