The northern part of Syros is mountainous and the island stands out in general for the variety of the landscape in its hinterland, where hills alternate with low-lying farming areas. The coastline is indented with inlets of all sizes between capes. There are two large bays, of Ermoupoli to the east and Finikas to the west. Archaeological excavations have shown that Syros was inhabited in Neolithic times.
Digs at Kastri and Halandriani have revealed a prehistoric acropolis, a settlement and a burial ground, and yielded artefacts of the Early Cycladic period.
Ermoupolis is one of the most important towns of the Aegean Sea. It is built in an amphitheatrical way with neoclassical mansions. The Miaoulis Place, where the town hall was built under the plans of the architect Ziller in 1876-1881, are worth mensioning. The public theatre "Apollon" that is a micrograph of the fabled Scalla of Milan, the church of the Christ's Transfiguration (Metamorphosis), and the church of His Resurrection (Anastasis) by the hill are quite important places to visit. Finally, the Conjectural Cycladic Centre, the village of Posedonia that was named after the second greatest town of the island of Posedonia, which is also named Delagrazia after the small church of Virgin Mary (Madonna Dela Grazia), is another notable place of Syros.
Syros has been one of the Cycladic Civilization centres. It has been inhabited since the Neolithic years and there are archaeological finds that date back to the start of the Neolithic Age around 3000 BC. Homer reports that two cities thrived in the whole island; Phoenice and Posidonia. The island developed an important civilization in the 6th century BC. According to the ancient mythology the protector of the island was the god Pan. During the Persian Wars Syros took sides with the Persians, but later on became a member of the alliance of Athens . Syros was conquered by the Macedonians during the Hellenistic period and then became a part of the Roman empire in the 1st century, and thus prospered in comparison to the other Cycladic islands, until the Byzantin period, the age of the island's great downfall. In the 13th century the Venetians conquered it and built the medieval town of Ano Syros. Before 1821 the seashore had been deserted and the only place that was inhabited was Ano Syros. After the declaration of the Greek Revolution the island came under trench protection and became a safe shelter for many refugees from every place in Greece. Because of the privileged position of the port, it soon became one of the most commercially powerful towns of Greece.
Keros-Syros" is from around 2700 BC to 2300 BC. If we turn from prehistoric to historical times, we at once note the presence here of the Ionians too. In the 6th century BC, Syros was a flourishing island. After the Persian Wars, Syros was an ally of the Athenians. Then it followed the rule of the Macedonians, the Romans and the Byzantines. From 1207 the island passed through the hands of many Venetian masters before finally falling to the Turks in 1537 . From that period the island followed the history of the other Cycladic islands until its liberation. The Archaeological Museum of Syros, founded in 1835, is one of the oldest in Greece. In 1899, the Municipality of Ermoupolis offered some rooms of the Town Hall, a building designed by Ernst Ziller, for the exhibition of antiquities, and since then, the museum has been housed there. The museum includes the following collections: Prehistoric finds from the fortified settlement at Kastri and the cemetery at Chalandriani, dated to the Early Bronze Age (3rd millennium B.C.). Finds from the ancient city of Syros and other sites of the Cyclades.
Will write more soon about this fantastic
2 week holiday on Syros staying in a church
with a priest who only had female guests at the time,
2 English mums with their young daughters and an