No visit to the Castro of Naxos can be complete, without visiting "the Venetian Museum: Domus della ROCCA-BAROZZI! If you are interested in getting to know the glorious past of Naxos during the Venetian period through the 8 century history of a mansion or tower house, belonging to the Greek-Venetian-Frankish families of Della Rocca-Barozzi, then you should not think twice!
According to the Museum brochure:
"The tower house of the Della Rocca-Barozzi is situated on the north side of the Fortress (Castro) of Naxos, to the right of the main gate(in Greek called "Trani Porta", meaning "Great" or "Mighty" Gate).It was built by the Venetians, during the 13th century, and is constructed from stones.The walls are 6 m. wide at their base and their upper part reaches 1.65 m.The stones used for its construction are of large dimensions and are made of granite and marble, which originated from Ancient Greek and Byzantine ruins.The main level of the house is the residence of the family and consists of the living room, the dining room, two bedrooms, gallery, library , a Catholic chapel, and the kitchen.In addition, there are two lower levels.The Della Rocca family is of French origin and they descend from the counts of Burgundy (Comtes de Bourgogne) and their family name used to be "De la Roche".Then, due to the Venetian influence, changed to that of "Della Rocca".The Barozzi family is an aristocratic Venetian family and one of the twelve families who founded the Republic of Venice.During the fourth Crusade (1204), we find members of the family in Santorini, Herakleion (Crete) and finally in Naxos."
The Venetian Museum "Domus della Rocca-Barozzi" is also the venue for the "Domus Festival".Every summer, from the first week of May till the fisrt week of November, a plethora of cultural events are taking place on the premises of the Venetian Museum:
1)The old Cellar, where they used to store wines and other food supplies, it was turned into a multi-exhibition hall, where painting, sculpture and jewel exhibitions are held.
2)The courtyard (I would describe it as "a secret garden!), an oasis of tranquility between the Walls of Castro, with a big palmtree in the middle, hosts different kinds of concerts and recitals: piano, violin, violoncello, guitar performed by Greek, as well as, by foreign artists of very high standards, some of them are reknown artists internationally.There are music and song performances such as: traditional and popular Greek music, Jazz and religious one (Byzantine choirs).Conferences on different art subjects are organized, as well as, book presentations.
Last, but not least, twice a week the "Greek traditional music" (Naxos and other Greek folklore) has its "lion part":Naxian young boys and girls, perform traditional dances of Naxos and of the whole Aegean Archipelago, dressed in traditional Naxian costumes!The whole event is accompanied by an "open invitation": all the "guests" are invited to try the traditional drinks of Naxos: wine, raki and kitro.A really "unforgettable night".
I should extend a "special thank" to Mr. Nikos KARAVIAS (a Della Rocca-Barozzi by his mother side), owner and founder of the Venetian Museum, who treats all his Museum visitors, as his "private guests"!
We staid here in 1977 and 1980 because one of the very few modern hotels of the island was located here. Actually the Pyrgaki bungalows hotel belonged to a Belgian so that a Belgian tour operator specialized on Greece was sending the first tourists to this place.
Located 20 Km south of Naxos Chora by a mostly not asphalted road in that time, it was certainly far off the beaten path. In that time Mykonos and Paros were the only tourist islands in the Cyclades.
It was a wonderful feeling to be there nearly alone at the end of Naxos. It was the first time and last time my wife and I felt such a freedom and carefreeness.
From the beach one could see to the west the mountains of the island Paros. It was always a wonderful view to have the sun go down over Paros.
From the Naxos tourist office I read now:
"It is an endless beach with golden and white sand, amazing crystalline waters and verdant bushes surrounding it. In Pyrgaki waters are always calm, protected from the strong north winds (called “meltemia”). A few accommodations are available in the area around the beach as well as nice taverns."
PS. On present photos I can distinguish the bungalows of our former hotel but no indication if it is still operational. I can just say that it is not the Finikas Hotel.
Naxos was the first Greek island we visited. I don't know what it looks like today but thirty years ago arriving at a Cycladic island not touched by tourism was somewhat of an adventure.
We were only a dozen tourists to arrive on an evening of May 1977 with the "Naxos" ferry boat. A frenzied crowd was standing on the quay and shouting at the ship. We wondered if a revolution had burst out at Naxos and we hurried to catch one of the few taxis.
Our hotel was at twenty Km from the harbour. After a few Km of asphalt the road became a trail and suddenly the driver stopped! The country was desert; the only light came from the moon. We thought this was our last hour!
The driver went out of his taxi to pick up a rabbit he had knocked. He was happy about the future dinner and we discovered that we both could communicate in German.
We arrived safe at our lonely hotel of Pyrgaki. The manager explained us that the frenzy at the "Naxos" arrival was due to the fact that this ferry boat belonged to a cooperative company hold by the inhabitants of the island and the financial manager had run away with all cash!
After that Naxos became quiet again until the tourist rush started in the late eighties.
The "Portara" is probably the strangest antique monument we saw in Greece. As we arrived by the ferry boat around 10 pm we didn't discover this marble frame of the door of the Apollo Temple before we visited Chora in daytime.
Actually we arrived at Naxos in May 1977 after a tour of Athens and the Peloponnesus so that we were more interested in the beach of Pyrgaki where we were staying in one of the few hotels existing at that time in Naxos.
It was the pre-tourism period of Naxos with not more than a hundred tourists on the entire island. Seems it changed!
The only original characteristic of my photo of this iconic symbol of Naxos is that it dates from 1977.
The Former Commercial School of Naxos founded by the Jesuits, used to be a very important school in the heart of the "Aegean Archipelago", a "real beacon" of culture and knowledge!
The School was founded by the Catholic Archibishop of Naxos, Raphael Schiattini in 1627 in order to provide to the Catholic young men of Naxos with higher religious, cultural and social education and entrusted said important task to the Jesuits, who came from Constantinople with that specific mission.The School started operating from 1628.As the time went by and the fame of the School was growing and growing in the eastern part of the Mediterranean, the School was also opened to Orthodox students.
There were three important periods in the history of the Commercial School of Naxos:
1) The period, when the School was run by the Jesuits (1628-1773).
2)The period, when the School was run by the Lazarists (1782-1887).
3)The period, when the School was run by the Salesians (1891-1927).
The third period used to be "the Age d' Or" of the School! Although the School was essentially French speaking, the Salesians converted it in a real "modern school", where, except French as the main language, the students learned: Greek, English, Commercial Law, Logistics and many more.The most famous student of that period was the world famous Greek writer: Nikos KAZANTZAKIS (who wrote: "Zorba the Greek" and many more).Kazantzakis spent there two years of his life (1898-1900), studying.The School is evocated in his books!
Unfortynately, the School closed definitely in 1927!!!
In nowadays, a major part of the school facilities is in horrible situation and waits for "a good soul", who will take care of its restoration.But, you can visit: the Capella (the ducal chapel) and the Archaeological Museum, housed in the premises of the Former Commercial School of Naxos. (see my previous tips).
Captain George Fragiskos, a well experimented captain from Naxos, proposes a great sailing experience in the islands through daily cruises aboard his s/y Annabella.You will have the unique opportunity to cruise the islands and visit beautiful peaceful bays for snorkeling and swimming, when, at the same time, you will learn about sailing.
Two different itineraries:
1) PAROS Island: Departing at 10:00 and returning at 18:00.
2)SMALL CYCLADES: Departing at 09:00 and returning at 18:00.
Prices (Summer 2008):
Paros 40 EUR per person.
Small Cyclades 50 EUR per person.
Children under 8 years 20 EUR.
A small and rather"unsual"museum, very "modern"in a very "traditional" setting!
On the north shore of the Town of Naxos (Grotta) and on the island of Palatia, there are extensive remains of continuous human occupation from the Neolithic period (5th millenium BC to the present day.This is the place of the Ancient Town of Naxos and the important remains date from the 2nd 1st millenium BC.
Opening Hours: Tuesday till Sunday 08:30-15:00. Monday closed.
The entrance is free of charge.
A large part of the premises of the former "Commercial School of Naxos" (built by the French Jesuits and could be considered as the "first University in Greece), on the highest part of the CASTRO neighbourhood, houses the Archaeological Museum of Naxos.
The Museum is a MUST for everyone who likes the Cycladic art, due to the fact that possesses a large collection of Cycladic idols!
The exhibits come from Naxos and the small surrounding islands of Keros, Donousa and Koufonissia.
The visitor can admire artefacts made of gold, silver, bronze, clay and marble, discovered in tombs, as well as pottery, tools and weapons from the later Mycenanean, Geometric and Roman period.
Portara, this "huge door" is the landmark of Naxos! All the publications, books, leaflets, photos about Naxos, they don' t fail to portray it!
Portara is situated on the small rocky islet of "Palatia", on the left side of the port of Naxos.Once upon a time the islet of Palatia was a real island, but on the recent times, a "walking way" has been built, so it is not anymore a "real island" and is always a pleasure to walk around there.Especially to admire the sunset!
The monument is so impressive to locals, as well to visitors, it gives you such good vibes that over the centuries the local people have given it the colloquial name: "Portara" (the big or huge door in Greek).
Said monument is the gigantic marble gateway into what was once a temple dedicated to Apollo and it is 6 metres high.It was built in the 6th century BC, when the tyrant of Naxos was Lygdamis.The grandeur of the remaining archaeological site reminds us that that time Naxos was a prominent naval, commercial and commercial centre.
According to the legend it is on the island of Palatia (in Greek means: palaces) that Theseus abandoned Ariadne after having killed the Minotaurus and fled Crete and it was from here that Dionysus kidnapped her.Again, according to the legend, Ariadne built her palace, thus the name Palatia.