The castle of the Knights of Saint John on Kos, was constructed with local stone and with the remains of previous constructions and buildings and was built during the occupation of the Knights, which lasted for over two hundred years.
Here, there is a stone Bridge crossing to the Castle. This is because the Castle used to be on an island, and the Bridge linked it with the main land. Today it is called “Phoinikon”, which means palm trees. The road below has an avenue of Palm Trees.
You have to cross over this bridge to reach the Castle and pay your entrance fee.
There are Four interior towers which are circular and are located in the four corners.
The Castle took a while to build, and it dates between the years 1380 – 1514.
The tower on the south was the largest, and still has gun ports, battlements and bastions on all the corners.
The oldest tower, the one on the left of the drawbridge, still has the blazons of Grand Master De Milly (1454 - 1461), and Grand Master De Lastic (1437 – 1454)
The interior is the oldest part, built in the times of of Sultan Bayazit. The exterior area was finished in 1514.
It is still possible to see a frieze depicting a number of garlands and masks from Hellenistic times.
There are great views from the Castle, especially of the Harbour area.
OPEN DAILY 8.30 - 3pm .......CLOSED MONDAYS
Admission in 2013 was....... 3 Euros
I do not know the name of this gorgeous Church.
If you are in Zia, then DO NOT MISS VISITING THIS CHURCH.
Inside are the most beautiful frescos. The Church is small and breathtaking.
To find it, heading up the hill in Zia's main street, take either the 1st lane or 2nd road/lane off to the right. This will lead you to a Cafe and the little Church.
I think it is only open in the mornings.
I really think this is a MUST DO!
This small beautiful village is located 16 kms from Kos and close to Asfendiou village high on the mountain side of Dikeos.
The drive up Mount Dikeos to this little village of Zia has breathtaking views. How I wished I wasn't in a bus so that I could get some good photos! At the top, the views are of the whole Island, just imagine a sunset - I imagine amazing!
The village itself is touristy, with a lot of Tour Buses here for lunch, but they all leave at different times which was good. I still found somewhere to eat, with not many people! There are lots of little shops selling all types of souvenirs, and if you see something you like, buy it. I didn't buy a Mouse pad here, thought I would get one in Rhodes, and couldn't.
A beaut little village for a stroll around.
In the location of Agios Fokas, there is a sea-pool with hot springs, known as "the thermes". The place is well know as one of the most outstanding places on Kos. In order to get there, it is necessary to go across the East beach and pass Psalidi cape, as well as Agios Fokas cape.
In the case of Agios Fokas, its cape is a steep arm coming from a 75 height from the sea level hill. In that location, there used to be also a small church dedicated to Agios Fokas, which dated around the Byzantine period; and at approximately 3 km away from there, the thermes are currently organised as a truly summer resort.
In the case of Kos thermal bathes, they are placed at the end of a 250 metre-long pebbled beach, surrounded by a rock pool. In this pool, hot water is usually ranging between 42oC and 50oC. When it mixes with the water coming from the sea, it produces a nice warm bath. According to what some locals advice, the best part of the pool to start with is the one at the vack left, where the water is not so warm. Then, one can gradually move towards hotter waters.
The warmest spring comes from a fissured rock, placed on the right side of a shore. It is advsable for tourists to remember that the pool has a considerable size, so the temperature can vary a lot depending from their location. However, anywhere of the pool will always be warmer than in the sea. Referring to its properties, the thermes of Kos have been tested in order to establish if they are curative apart from being pleasant. According to studies, those waters have healing features for skin ailments cases.
The craters are located on the plateau of Lakki and north of the mountain village of Emporios that is accessible by bus. Buses depart very regularly from the harbor and drive up to the craters. On the plateau of Lakki are five craters within walking distance. The largest crater called Stefanos and is up to 300 meters and at least 250 meters wide. The deepest point of this is 30 meters. The volcano on Nisyros is an active volcano, but a live volcano, fumes come out of the ground and the smell of sulfur in many places is very strong.
Kefalos is a small village in the hillside which overlooks the sand and pebble beach of Kamari Bay. Kefalos is very pretty with whitewashed houses, colourful narrow lanes and old style tavernas.
The nightlife here is quiet with an ample selection of bars and restaurants. Ideal for anyone looking for a peaceful and relaxing holiday.
Nisyros is a small island (41 km2) south of Kos and north of Tilos. The coastal length is only 28 kilometers. The capital of Nisyros is Mandraki. Mandraki is the only port of Nisyros and here is where the boats arrive. Nisyros in the summer visited daily by many tourists because on the island is a volcano and a visit to the crater is definitely worth it. The craters are located on the plateau of Lakki and north of the mountain village of Emporios that is accessible by bus. Buses depart very regularly from the harbor and drive up to the craters. On the plateau of Lakki are five craters within walking distance. The largest crater called Stefanos and is up to 300 meters and at least 250 meters wide. The deepest point of this is 30 meters. The volcano on Nisyros is an active volcano, but a live volcano, fumes come out of the ground and the smell of sulfur in many places is very strong.
On Kos are several memorials to the physician Hippocrates, and for the god of medicine from the Greek pantheon: Asklepios, who had been teacher of Hippocrates. For example, the famous plane tree of Hippocrates in Kos is the capital city. There is also a Hippocratisch museum dedicated to him. Furthermore, there are several archaeological sites in or near the city, including a Roman amphitheater and a gymnasium. The capital, Kos is the tourist and cultural center of the island. Close to the harbor it is the 14th-century castle the Neratzia, in 1315 by the Knights of St. John of Rhodes was built. In the center of Kos is an ancient marketplace, the agora.
About a ten minute drive from Kardamena, the beach aptly named "Bubble Beach" sits in a nice bay perfect for swimming, sunbathing, and water sports. Bubble Beach is also part of Paradise Beach, so when going down the road, make sure to look for signs for Paradise Beach. Once there, make sure to swim out about 300 feet to the red bouy. Dive underwater to see all the bubbles coming out from under the sand.
Some areas had densely packed areas of bubbles that made it almost like a jacquizzi.
Try out the water sports if you're interested. There is a paddleboat you can rent for ten euros for half an hour and it has a slide. Great for the younger ages. The water sports rental also has jet skis (but they are 45 Euros for 15 minutes, don't go for it) and parasailing and something called a fly fish where a boat pulls an inflatable raft and you go up in the air.
The asclepeion in Kos is an ancient religious sanctuary, a healing centre, and a medical school. Hippocrates (460 - 370 BC), the "father of medicine", trained here.
Sorry, I don't have much further information about its history, but it is worth the taxi fare from Kos Town simply for the views and the very pleasant quiet walk around the grounds. It is very green with fields and trees surrounding it, and it is situated on the side of a hill. There are amazing views of the island and across to Turkey from the upper part.
The Archaeological Museum has many exhibits dating mainly from the Archaic, Hellenistic and Roman times, along with fine mosaics, ceramics and statues that includes one that is believed to represent Hippocrates, the father of scientific medicine.
The building is an Italian art-deco building modelled after a Roman house and was purposefully built with rooms laid out in such a way so as to maximise the displays of art discovered. There are three main rooms, North, West and East set around the central vestibule.
Tuesday to Sunday: 8:30 am to 3:00 pm
The town hall and tourist police share this large white building. It was built in 1928 in a Venetian style during the Italian occupation.
Tourist Police: +30 242 26666
Town Hall: +30 242 28724
The xytos was constructed originally in the 2nd century AD, it is the part of the ancient gymnasium that was covered by a roof, this was so that athletics could take place whatever the weather. Prior to any competition the athletes would cover their bodies in olive oil. A line of columns along the xytos has been restored and makes an impressive sight.
The church of Agia Paraskevi is situated in the capital of Kos, dominating the heart of the town. The exterior is beautifully painted with beige and blue and its interior is richly decorated. On its feast day, many pilgrims from all over the island come into the church to honour Saint Paraskevi.
The Knights of St John built this Venetian castle in the 15th century; its purpose was as an outpost, on their way through Turkey to the Holy Land. The castle is entered via a bridge that spans an avenue of palm trees planted along what used to be the moat.