Neratzia Castle - Castle of the Knights of St John
The Knights of St John built this Venetian castle in the 15th century; its purpose was as an outpost, on their way through Turkey to the Holy Land. The castle is entered via a bridge that spans an avenue of palm trees planted along what used to be the moat.
- Castles and Palaces
This dolphin fountain, a local landmark is at the centre of what is referred to as "Dolphin Square". Although it's not a square but a traffic roundabout, it is a focal point of the harbour area.
Hippocrates Plane Tree
In front of the Castle of Knights is a huge old plane tree, known as the ‘Hippocrates plane tree’. According to the people of Kos, the Hippocrates plane tree was planted by this famous Greek physician, who used its shade to teach his students in this place. As the tree is 500 years old, it is pretty obvious not the same tree that Hippocrates planted, since he lived around the 5th century BC, but it is claimed to be a descendant of that one.
- Historical Travel
The "tourist heart" of the city Kos is the harbour with its many street cafes and restaurants, and filled with sailing boats bound for remote beach excursions, visits to the neighbouring islands and trips over to Bodrum in Turkey.
- Food and Dining
- Sailing and Boating
The Castle of the Ioannite Knights
The Castle of the Ioannite (Order of Saint John) Knights dominates one side of Kos' harbour. There are good views over the town and harbour and along the coast from its battlements.
There was a small entry fee.
Walk the Old Town
KOS............ Was originally founded in 366 BC. The Town you visit now is in the same place as the original one.
Walking was a very pleasant, cheap way to see Kos. There are lots of delightful shops and Cafes, as well as ruins to see. I also visited Eleftherias Square, a Market, Defterdar Mosque, saw Churches, interesting Buildings and beautiful Flowers. Its in a fairly compact area, and when you are tired, stop and rest on a seat overlooking the Harbour!
- Budget Travel
This is a lovely spot in Kos town. Here, there are plenty of outdoor Cafes if you want to stop and have a bite to eat. If you just want to sit and relax those weary legs like I did, then there are seats along the Harbour front. Boats here do day tours to the nearby Islands.
- Sailing and Boating
- Hiking and Walking
AGORA - "ANCIENT MARKET"
The Ancient Agora, meaning ‘ancient market’, is an excavation area where a number of temples, baths, and houses with remaining mosaics, columns, and other pieces of construction belonging to several periods have been found.
The columns date around the 4th and the 3rd centuries BC and they were partly restored during the Roman period.
The ancient Market itself, was a market that took advantage of its location next to the harbour, as it was ideal for trading, to the point that Agora used to be centre of Kos. Some of the most recent findings are an 80 metres wide by 300 metres length building, with a large stairway leading to an inner yard. There are also two restored columns that give the idea of a portico.
In addition, the Market has also some ruins of an Aphrodite Shrine, as well as a small temple -seemingly in the honour of Hercules- and a Christian Basilica dating from the 5th century.Some other findings are the mosaic floors, which date from the 3rd century BC and a statue of Hippocrates.
FREE TO BROWSE AROUND!
- Historical Travel
Tigaki Beach is the nearest Beach to Kos. It has a long sandy beach and shallow waters. Umbrellas and Sun beds are available, as well as water sport equpiment. Everything you need is here......Accommodation, Cafes & Restaurants, Bars and shops and MORE.......
To reach here, you can catch one of the 10 daily Buses that come here from the Bus Station in Kleopatras Street.
- Water Sports
The Asklepieion is an ancient medical centre. It dates from the first half of the 3rd century BC and it was built to honour the god of health and medicine, Asklepios, after the death of the famous ancient Greek physician, Hippocrates. The symbol of this institution was a snake, as Greeks honoured this animal due to its ability in terms of selecting curative herbs; and it can still be seen. The physicians of this hospital were also priests and a sanctuary was available for everyone who wanted to pray.
The first terrace is enclosed by a portico with the shape of a "Ð" (Greek letter P), which leaves the south side open. This portico is believed to have been a medical school. On it east side there is a complex of Roman baths, dating from the 3rd century AD and with some porticoes as well, which used to have precincts for the patients and their families.
The second terrace holds the oldest structure of this construction, the ruins of an altar dating from the 4th century BC. To the south it can be found an area called “Avato”, where patients expected to see Asklepios apparition, in order to cure them during their dreams. To the left and the right of the altar, the ruins of two smaller temples lay as well. There are also some restored columns belonging to the Ionic Temple of Apollo (II Century BC).
Finally, on the third terrace, the remains of the Doric Temple of Asklepeion, dating from the 2nd century BC as well, can be seen. Asklepieion‘s centre also holds a church dedicated to Panagia Tarsou, built during the early Christian period. This period may have influenced the disuse of the Asklepieion in the sense that it was never reconstructed after the earthquake, as it has many idolatry elements. What remains from this church is just a capital with the initials ICXP, meaning ‘Jesus Christ’.
Its located on a hill, where you can see Kos in the distance. There are some nice gardens and Toilets are here as well
OPEN Daily 8.30 -3pm Later in Summer................ CLOSED MONDAYS
Admission 4 Euros
This large Christian Orthodox Church is situated in the main city centre of Kos. Its painted a beautiful Blue & Beige, and is well worth a look at.
Every year, pilgrims from all over the Island come here.
I didn't get to enter inside as there was a Funeral Service being held.
- Religious Travel
PLANE TREE OF "HIPPOCRATES"
In the centre of Kos island in front of the Castle of Knights stands a huge old plane tree, known as the ‘Hippocrates plane tree’. It is said that the Hippocrates plane tree was planted by this famous Greek physician, who used its shade to teach his students in this place. As the tree is 500 years old, it is not the one that Hippocrates planted, since he lived around the 5th century BC. Therefore, it is said to be descendant of that one.
This plane tree has a perimeter of twelve metres.
A wall with metal railing prevents it from extending excessively and stops people from climbing it. The wall has Turkish ornaments on one side and on the other, there is a historic white engraved tap in Arabic language.
The tree has made history around the world, since some of its cuttings or seeds went to several destinations as gifts to the National Library of Medicine in the United States, in which its seeds have been planted in 1961. The Department of Medical Genetics at the University of Glasgow, the Michigan Medical School, and the Sydney's School of Rural Health in Australia.
During summer, there are also some events related to Hippocrates plane tree.
On September the 5th, there is a tradition for housewives making two wreathes, one with old leaves, and the other with new ones. The old one must be taken into the sea, while the new one has to be put on the shore. This one symbolizes the beginning of the year, and must be hold until forty waves lap it.
Once it is done, housewives come back to the tree with the wreath, holding some pebbles and sea water in pannikins while they grab the tree, which supposedly assure them health and a long life. Once at home again, the ritual continues, as the wreath must be put on some religious icons, and sprinkle them with the rest of the sea water.
- Historical Travel
Minarets, Domes and Golden Arches.
So there we are - a quick virtual tour of our visit to Kos. Really enjoyed it - its a lovely town with a wonderful mix of architecture and greenery from the palm trees and colourful foliage. Just one blot on the landscape - those golden arches just don't seem to blend in with the minarets and domes....lets hope that tree will grow bigger and blot it from view!
Also in the main square of Kos town is the18th century Defterdar Mosque - pictured here. Its still used by the 50 Muslim families, who live mostly in nearby Platani town, but its not open to the public - but you can enjoy a drink and some shade in the cafes outside it.
For our OCT 2008 visit we spent quite a few hours in this square at one of the many cafes in the warm afternoon sunshine just enjoying the views and relaxing after some sightseeing.The minaret is lit up at night too. The nearby market is good for spices and Greek delight - some of the best prices too.
Behind the Mosque of the Logia are the excavations of the agora or old market place - parts of which date backt o the 4th century B.C. Much of this area was only revealed after the quake in 1933, including the ancient harbour, a Temple to Aphrodite and a 5th C Christian Basilica. During our visit restoration and further excavation were still taking place so we just looked from the low perimeter walls - much can be seen this way though. Further exploration rewards with more detail - like mosaic floors and crusader crosses in the stones (see pics)
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