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The first recorded master of the Order is known only by the name of Gerard. He ran a pilgrim's hospice in Jerusalem at the time of the first Crusade in 1099. In 1113, Gerard and his hospital received papal recognition as a religious order. Gradually, the order assumed military responsibilities to defend pilgrims and to protect Christian land from the Muslims. The Order of the Hospital, likethe Order of the Temple, played an important role in fighting the crusades. But the Hospitallers continued to provide medical services and hospitality for travelers.
The Christian kingdoms in the Latin East ended with the fall of Acre in 1291. The Knights of the Hospital first fled to Cyprus, but they conquered the island of Rhodes in 1310. In Rhodes the Knights ruled their own kingdom and defended western Europe against the expanding Ottoman Empire. At this time the Order organized itself into the seven tongues (or langues): Provence, Auvergne, France, Spain, Italy, England, and Germany. Later the Spanish tongue was divided in two (Aragon and Castile-León) creating eight tongues in all. In 1480, the Knights successfully defended the city of Rhodes against a Turkish assault, but the Turks returned and captured the island in 1522. The Knights withdrew from Rhodes looking for a new home base. To prevent the further spread of the Ottoman Empire, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V gave the island of Malta to the Knights.
The Knights left Rhodes in 1522, the island of Malta became Christian Europe's next line of defense against the Ottoman Turks. The Siege of Malta in 1565 began in May with the arrival of 40,000 Ottoman Turks led by Dragut, the Governor of Tripoli. Although heavily undermanned, Grand Master Jean la Valette successfully defended Malta from the Turks until early September. The critical and decisive moment of the siege came on September 7, 1565. On that day, 8,000 additional troops led by Garcia de Toledo landed in Mellieha Bay. The arrival of these reinforcements forced the Turks to end the siege the following day
Written Feb 5, 2008
The Colossus of Rhodes was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, however, it did not bestride the harbour entrance as is commonly pictured. It's 20 tons of bronze would have sunk immediately into the sea bed. The statue of Rhodes' protector, sun-god, Helios, 32 metres (105 ft.) high, probably stood near the Palace of the Grand Masters, site of an ancient sanctuary.
Sculptor Charles of Lindos took 12 years to cast the Colossus. Extracting bronze from battle machines and tools left after Demetrius's abortive siege, he finished the work around 290BC. He commited suicide after discovering a mistake in his calculations. An assistant tried to correct it but to no avail. During an earthquake around 225BC, the Colossus cracked at the knees and crashed to the ground.
The Delphic oracle warned Rhodians not to restore the statue, and the crumpled bronze lay where it had fallen for nearly 900 years. Arab pirates shipped it to the Lebanon, selling it as scrap to Jewish merchants, who needed 90 Camels to carry it away.
Written Feb 5, 2008
A Stifado is a meaty stew with beef and baby shallot onions. The best part is the thick sauce which is made slightly sweet by the onions.
You will need
1Kg lean beef - cubed.
500g baby shallot onions - peeled.
1 large onions chopped.
1 large juicy tomatoes - chopped.
2 table-spoons of tomato paste.
1/2 nutmeg crushed (put it into a bag and hit it with a rolling pin!)
1 cinnamon stick and 3 cloves.
4 garlic cloves - finely chopped.
1 vegetable stock cube (optional)
Rosemary sprig or two.
1 small wineglass of extra-virgin olive oil.
1 glass of red or white wine.
2 table-spoons of vinegar.
Fresh coarsely ground black pepper and salt.
1. Add the beef to large frying pan or casserole dish. Place on a high heat, stirring occasionally until meat is sealed.
2. Add the olive oil, chopped onions and garlic. Continue cooking on a high heat, until the onions have turned soft. (About 5mins)
3. Add wine and vinegar, leave on heat but covered for another 5 mins.
4. Next nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, bay leaves, rosemary, stock cube and a good pinch of black pepper. Keep stirring while the ingredients blend, on a moderate heat. Add salt to taste.
5. Keep heating while adding the chopped tomatoes and tomato paste.
6. Turn out into a casserole dish (Terracota), with lid. Add 1 litre of hot water so as to cover the meat. Cook in oven until the meat is nearly cooked - about one hour.
7. While waiting, peel the baby shallot onions, wash them and shallow fry them in a little olive oil, until soft, not letting them burn.
8. Add the shallots (but not the oil) to the simmering meat and leave in the oven until the meat is thoroughly cooked (soft and tender) - at least another hour - add water if needed (don't let it dry out), so that you end up with a rich thick sauce.
Written Mar 3, 2008
Good food and drink certainly contribute to Your enjoyment of a holiday on Rhodes, Rhodian food is a combination of Greek imagination and European and Middle Eastern taste.
restaurants serve international as well as Greek cuisine, There are also many Indian and Chinese restaraunts.
Written Mar 1, 2008
Mythos beer was launched in Greece in 1997 and has gone from strength to strength. Mythos is produced from specially selected varieties of barley and hops, it is a lager with a rich head, blonde colour and a pleasant refreshing taste.
Written Jun 6, 2008
Will you be able to celebrate Greek Orthodox Easter in Greece on your trip?
If you're lucky enough to be traveling in Greece during the Greek Orthodox Easter weekend, you'll have an opportunity to experience all of the rich pageantry and deep religious devotion expressed by the Greeks at Eastertime
Here are enough Greek Easter dates to keep the most avid advance planner happy, from 2008 to 2023.
Every few years, "Western" (Catholic and Protestant) Easter and Greek Orthodox Easter coincide; these years are indicated by (same) following the date.
2008 - Easter Sunday - April 27th
2009 - Easter Sunday - April 19th
2010 - Easter Sunday - April 4th (same)
2011 - Easter Sunday - April 24th (same)
2012 - Easter Sunday - April 15th
2013 - Easter Sunday - May 5th
2014 - Easter Sunday - April 20th (same)
2015 - Easter Sunday - April 12th
2016 - Easter Sunday - May 1st
2017 - Easter Sunday - April 16th (same)
2018 - Easter Sunday - April 8th
2019 - Easter Sunday - April 28th
2020 - Easter Sunday - April 19th
2021 - Easter Sunday - May 2nd
2022 - Easter Sunday - April 24th
2023 - Easter Sunday - April 16th
Written Apr 8, 2008
In all the following, "e" is read as in "egg" and "th" is read as in "this". The emphasis in pronunciation falls on the syllable which is in underlined script
ena = one
thio = two
tria = three
tessera = four
pente = five
eksi = six
epta or efta = seven
okto = eight
ennia = nine
theka = ten
entheka = eleven
thotheka = twelve
theka-tria = thirteen
theka-tessera = 14
theka-pente = 15
theka-eksi = 16
theka-epta = 17
theka-okto = 18
theka-ennia = 19
eikossi = 20
eikossi-ena = 21
trianta = 30
ssaranta = 40
peninta = 50
eksinta = 60
evthominta = 70
ogthonta = 80
eneninta = 90
ekato = 100
ekaton theka pente = 115
ekaton peninta tria = 153
thiakossia = 200
triakossia = 300
tetrakossia = 400
pentakossia = 500
eksakossia = 600
eptakossia = 700
oktakossia = 800
eniakossia = 900
hilia = 1000
ena ekatomirio = one million
ena thisekatomirio = one billion
Learn the colours in Greek
aspro, lefko = white
mavro = black
kokkino = red
mple = blue
kitrino = yellow
prassino = green
kafe = brown
mov = purple
galazio = light blue
Alvania = Albania
Ameriki = USA
Anglia = England
Finlanthia = Finland
Gallia = France
Iaponia = Japan
Ispania = Spain
Italia = Italy
Kanathas = Canada
Kina = China
Norviyia = Norway
Ollanthia = Holland
Polonia = Polland
Rossia = Russia
Souithia = Sweden
Thania = Denmark
Tourkia = Turkey
Velyio = Belgium
Voulgaria = Bulgaria
Yermania = Germany
Written Jun 24, 2008
Greeks are known as champion gesture users in the Mediterranean. Their hands, bodies and faces are rarely still and it sometimes seems possible to get the gist of a conversation by watching it from 50 meters away.
Instead of shaking heads from side to side as we do, they have another indescribable way of saying "No". This is done by raising the entire head in a backwards movement and clicking the tongue. Sometimes these movements are too subtle and quick, and you can't be too sure that he/she's answered at all. You can repeat the question again and again, and find he/she's been saying "No" from the very beginning.
A slow down movement of the head to one side, slightly closing the eyes as the head is lowered.
This gesture is indicated by the wawing of the hand, a kind of pawing of the air with the fingers and the palm downwards, that looks to the non-Greek as though he/she is either waving good-bye, or telling you to move back a few steps.
This can be confusing, because the further you move back, the more frantic the gesture becomes.
"I want to tell you something"
This gesture is done by touching or patting the lower lip with the index finger, and can easily be misunderstood, as it looks as if you are being told to be quiet. This gesture is often performed immediately after the "Come here" gesture - and put together they simply mean "Come here, I want to tell you something".
"What do you want / what do you mean?"
With a quizzical expression in his/her eyes, the Greek will shake his/her head from side to side a few times. This normally means that he/she either hasn't understood what you've asked, and is asking you to repeat it, or he/she is asking you what you want.
"Thank you very much my friend"
The "Yes" gesture is followed by putting the right hand to the heart. Standing in front of the person, the gesture is of course followed by a verbal statement. But the gesture can also be performed at some distance.
Written Jun 24, 2008
There was a time when it seemed like the only beer you could drink in Greece was the Dutch Amstel - so much so that on one memorable holiday a friend of ours would leave a trail of Amstel empies all round our apartment complex and we would be able to find him by following the trails...!
So it was great to be able to try a genuine Greek (with British help!) beer that has now muscled its way into 2nd place in the Greek market behind - you guessed it - Amstel!
It's a nice drop, being light and easy to drink with a refreshing and sharp, almost Pilsner-like taste. 5% abv too! :-)
Check it out, it's only been around since 1997 - but it looks like it's here to stay!
Updated Apr 4, 2011
Xanthies touristries, blonde tourist women. Highly appreciated by the "kamakia", the young hot-blooded Greek lovers. Love stories between men of Rhodes and tourists are common each year. Most of them are just summer loves but a few marriages come out of them also. The result is the many european women living in Rhodes, mostly German, Dutch and Scandinavian. Be aware though, that having a romantic love affair during your holiday is one thing and living in Rhodes married to a Rhodean man is totally different. The cultural differences are many and it is very important not to ignore them.
Written Jun 25, 2008
3 Reviews and 455 Opinions The hotel is placed on a hill, 2 km away from Lindos, on the shore of the Vlicha Bay. The building...
1 Review and 168 Opinions The Nathalie Hotel is located in the quite part of Ixia - 4 km from the City of Rhodes. If you want...
1 Review and 125 Opinions Would I recomend it again? Yes. But not to someone on a limited budget. I prefer my accomodations...