Budapest churches, Budapest
As a big fan of the baroque architecture for me surely this is the most impressive church internal in Budapest.
Here is a video of the internals which I made at the same time when I shot these photos
To be noticed the big chrystal chandeliers wich hang on very long chains. Sometimes you can have the impression that one of them will fall on somebdy`s head in the next moment. But if this didn`t happen in the past c.ca 250 years, why should it happen now?:)
Also this church suffered some damages in the second world war, but far not as much as some others in the city. For example the original altar painting, Mátyás Schervitz`s work, had to be replaced with a new one, made by Győző Fáy in 1954, but most of the internal decorations (in baroque,rococo and copf styles) are original.
The most important and the most cherished church in Budapest is the Matthias Church on Szentharomsag ter. A church has stood on this site ever since the beginning of 13th century.
After the ousting of the Turks, it was rebuilt in a Baroque form.
Budapest's largest church. Construction of it began in 1848 to Jozsef Hild's neo-Classical plans. After Hild's death, Miklos Ybl took over. His neo-Renaissance version fits delicately with his oredecessor's work.
Above the main entrance is a relief of St. Stephen, King of Hungary.
The Roman Catholic Church, dedicated to St.Peter of Alkantara, also called as Ferences templom = Franciscan Church. It's also a Monastery, as the monks live in the buildings behind the church - on the Ferenciek (means Franciscan) tere (means square).
The interior is godly painted and I loved it very much.
- thanks littlebear :)
...-> in 1938-39 Kálmán Lux executed a complete refurbishment. The 19 gothic niches (wich caracterize also the Castle district) were rediscovered in this period, with the so called Mihrab (muslim praying niche wich looks towards Mecca), a part of the turkish mosque and the XIV.th century entrance. The sanctuary is even today in gothic style, it was built in the XIV/XV. century during the kingdom of Sigismund of Luxembourg, but also king Matthias made some revisions. That church was very similar to the Matthias church (nowdays there is almost nothing in common between the two churches) and it had only on tower.
In 1945 the neo-gothic main altar, made by Zsolnay pyrogranite cheramics was irrepairably damaged. The new altar (in the same neoghothic style) with the new chandeliers and the baptisting fount were created by Pál Molnár and Béni Ferenczy in the 1950`s.
This is the biggest baroque church in budapest. It was built by the Paulita order and by many called the most beautiful. The church-wich also needs a complete, both external and internal-renovation, is incorporated in the Eötvös Lóránt university (here is an archive image from the period when the University wasn`t built yet and the eastern facade still could be seen) and on the opposite side it has an own chloster building. You can notice the two tall towers from a big distance (an advice: approach it from the nearby Károly garden from wich there is a splendid view of the church).
The paulita monks took more than 50 years (1725-76) to built this church and they didn`t spare the marble and the gold to decorate it.
After the dismission of the paulita order (yes, again Joseph the second) it was interconnected to the usinversity.
To be noticed the stirring I.st word war memorial relief on the facade.
And here is another stupendous church internal. In this church there is only one big and wide nave.
On both sides of the nave you find 3 chapels with nice side altars and bove the chapels there are 2 balconies.
The very famous main altar is work of Antal Grassalkovich, a member of Hungary`s richest nobile dynasty.
The ceiling frescos need to be renovated. You can hardly see what they represent. But despite this it`s well worth taking a look inside, also beacause, unlike some other churches in the city, you find this one is mostly open to the tourists.
Even the famous austrian baroque painter, Franz Anton Maulbertch worked on the decoration of this church (see also my Vác travel page).
In the church You find one big nave with a couple of side altars.
The painting of main altar priginally represented the lapidation of martyr saint Stephen (not identical to the hungarian king), but it was destroyed in 1945, like the one of the Kapucinus church. It was repainted by Lajos Márton. The altar itself, Henrik Jager János`s work fortunatley could be saved.
The organ dates back to 1843 and it was created by the austrian Johann Lojb.
I put this church as the next tip because also this one wears the name of Saint Elisabeth of the Árpádian dynasty.
According to the legend, once when Saint Elisabeth was bringing bread to the poor people she was stopped by her brother in law, Henrik, and asked, what she was carrying. She answered: roses. Henrik opened the basket and there were indeed only roses. Since the church was consacrated to Elisabeth the square on wich you find it was renamed square of the Roses. It`s situated close to the Keleti Railway station. Best choice is taking the Bus number 7 and going 1 stopo towards the Danube. You will find it on the right side.
This is the second biggest church in Budapest (bigger than the Matthias church!) and it was built in neogothic style between 1893 and 1901 by Imre Steindl, the architect of the Parliament. He worked on both plans at the same time. While he died some years before the termination of the construction of the Parliament, he still could see the inauguration of this church.
Due to the negligence of the communists 15 years ago this church was in a terrible shape. De restoration work have begun in 1994 and the external parts are ready, even the church has recieved a beautiful night illumination. The refurbishment of the internal part is still under way. The biggest part is now in good conditions, but the works still need some time to be completed.
Here are some further photos of the altars and the pulpit, made by hungarian and bosnian franciscan monks in the XVIII.th century.
The church has also a very precious reliquia: saint Elisabeth`s stick from the beginning of the 13th century wich is guarded in the vestry.
This saint who was King Endre the II`s daughter (the other Daughter was Saint Margareth) but notwithstanding her richness she dedicated her entire (very short: 1207 – 1231) life to cure the poor and sick people.
On the right side of the nave there is a Saint Elisabeth altar (see the image on the 2nd photo) while on the opposite, left side zou can see József Falconer`s Saint Francis statue.
When I created my Budapest churches tips I couldn`t decide, wich one to put to the first place. Than I selected this church wich is undoubtly a unique architectual masterpiece. I could have put this church to the off the beaten path tips because you find it in the suburbs, in Kőbánya, wich is surely not the most scenic part of the city. However that little old centre where you find this church is very lovely.
The church was built on plans of the great master, Ödön Lechner, the architect of the Museum of Applied Arts (see things to do tips) and of the Geogrphical institute (see off the beaten path tip).
The consacrtation ceremony was held on Easter 1897. Lechner unified romanesque, gothic renassaince, baroque, persian and of course hungarian folcloristic elements. This makes the Szent László church unique and unparaleled. To be noticed the Zsolnai pyrogranite ceramics wich -like at the Matthias church and other Art neuveau buildings- cover the rooftops, and the Róth Miksa stained glass windows wich were completely restored in 2001. Near the church you find a beautiful sculpture, named the Mother withthe crying baby whos photo I will add later.
Well, maybe this monument is a bit far away from the city centre, but if you`re a fan of the fine ecclesiastical Art, this visit is absolutely recomended.
This is the 3rd most famous church of Budapest - after Saint Stephen`s Basilica and the Matthias church- and it has the typical history of a hungarian church. A long series of contructions, destructions and reconstructions.
Originally it was built in the XII.century on the walls of the adjacent Contra Aquincum roman walls, with the utilisation of the stones of the previous. Saint Gellért`s (san Gerardo) bones were burried here. This church was destryed by the mongolian invasors in 1241. After the tatars left the country the reconstruction modified the original style to gothic. This church was first transformed in a mosque during the turkish occupation but was partially destroyed mostly in 1686, but also in the previous wars. The church was ruinous for almost 40 years. The baroque reconstruction was realized between 1725 and 1739. In the second world war it was once again severly damaged but soon reconstructed.
The church needs a complete external renovation wich will begin when the refubishment of the Matthias church will be complete.
The Kálvin square (wich nowdays in a very caothic condition, due to the construction of the metro line number 4) is the centre of the protestantism of Budapest. You find here the protestant church, raised bertween 1816-tól 1830 on Vince Hild`s plans. It has a very famous organ, built by the Deutschmann firm in Vienna. It was heavily damaged in the 1838 flood and in 1854-55 was modified on József Hild`s plans. The tower was built in 1859.
The internals are quite simple but surprisingly rich in golden stucco works.
If you visit the museum of the applied arts, it wel worth going about 400 metres on the Üllői street to visit this superb neo-gothic masterpiece, the Ethernal adoration church. You can notice it`s 58 metres tall tower from a long distance even if you cannot see the other parts of the church: it`s incorporated in the surrounding buildings. The construction wich lasted for 10 years (between 1898 and 1908) on Sándor Aigner`s plans, begun just when Sissy, Franz Joseph`s wife was murdered.
Two times, in 1945 (wwII)and in 1956 (revoultion against communism) it was seriously damaged but fortunately it was allways restored. The last refurbishment has almost finished. The church is in perfect shape and one of the most beautiful buildings of the Üllői street.
The Saint Joseph chruch is not really an off the beaten path. You find it on the Baross street wich is perpendicular to the József avenue (VIII. district). You can see the towers from a big distance.
Originally built in a late baroque style according to József Talherr`s plans and was consacrated in 1798, but in the XIX century, like many other churches was transformed partially in eclectic style.
Very nice also the statue in front of the church, representing Péter Pázmány, founder the still existing catholic university and leader the counter-Reformation, created by Béla Radnai in 1914.
The church is nicely illuminated at night.