Aquincum Roman Town, Budapest

4 out of 5 stars 23 Reviews

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  • head of a former aquincum citizen
    head of a former aquincum citizen
    by 1courage
  • Sarcophaguses under the trees
    Sarcophaguses under the trees
    by 1courage
  • The left wing of the Musum building
    The left wing of the Musum building
    by 1courage
  • Raimix's Profile Photo

    The old Roman stadium

    by Raimix Updated Mar 4, 2011

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    The Roman stadium was a part of Acquincum town. The difference is that stadium is on another side of road coming to Szentendre town.

    It impressed me, as Lithuanian, to see so old buildings here, in Budapest, as we don’t have such places in Lithuania.

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    Roman city remains

    by Raimix Updated Mar 4, 2011

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    Roman Empire left the city named Acquincum here in Budapest and now tourists can enjoy the ruins of this place.

    Acquincum was a civilian town with the walls, paved streets, forum, aqueducts and much more. There is museum too, that shows the objects found in this Roman city.

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    Travel through time

    by csordila Updated Nov 30, 2008

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    Aquincum lies north along the Danube only a short distance from downtown. Its real history began in 106 A.D., when Emperor Trajan declared this frontier military base the capital of Rome's Pannonia Inferior territory and some 40,000 soldiers and civilians settled here, creating a sophisticated archaic metropolis, but together with Rome - the inevitable decline of Aquincum came, as well.

    Only more hundred years later were discovered the ruins. Today at Aquincum visitors can see statues, paintings, coins, and a lot of very interesting ancient things within the walls where these artifacts were new sometime. Between remnants of houses and courtyards slender roads of yore lead to the ruins of marketplace, baths, gymnasium, and a shrine.
    The commander's palace named Hercules Villa has been named for its tesselated pavement depicting the wife of the legendary greek hero being abducted by Nessus centaur.

    Entry fee: Adults: 900.- HUF, Students, pennsioners: 450.- HUF

    Capital of Pannonia Inferior territory
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    The ruins of Aquincum

    by 1courage Updated Jun 5, 2008

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    The archeological site includes more or less the third part of the original town.
    Even though there are other roman sites nearby for example in the Hajógyári Island and at the Pest brigdehead of the Elisabeth bridge (Contra Aquincum), on the Flórián square (close to the Buda side of the Árpád bridge). On this page you can find a summary of the roman records in Budapest
    Well, it`s not exactly Pompei or Herculaneum, but it`s an important historical site anyway.
    The centuries made the old buildings disappear, but thanks to the modern tecnology you can still see how the place was once: the Museum set up so called cronoscopes: this device is like a telescope. When you watch the ruins through it, you can see the original buildings. I found it very interesting.
    An advice: if you rent a bycicle in the city centre, you can approach Aquincum easily because there is a bycicle way from the city centre.

    ...more ruins... Ruins ...more ruins... The archeoligical site Sarcophaguses under the trees
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    The main building of the Museum

    by 1courage Updated May 17, 2008

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    The main building of the Aquincum archeological site was built in 1894 and on the 10th of may of that year recieved the first visitors.
    It`s style is so convincingly romanic that-I admit- for a long time I thought it was an original but reconstructed roman building:)
    Well, it isn`t >;-) It was built in the style of a greek-roman temple.
    Anyway, it has the central part in wich you can see the most important reliques and two wings on both side of the central part.
    Here you can see some nice stones with roman texts, fragments of statues and reliefes. (see next tip)-->

    In front of the Museum The left wing of the Musum building The right wing of the Musum building
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    The two wings of the main building

    by 1courage Written May 17, 2008

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    As I mentioned previously, in these wings you can find numerous objects, maybe not the most precious ones but they are interesting though.
    The reliefs were mostly taken from the tombs of the rich roman people.
    These wings were added to the building in 1896, as since the building was simply too small for the exposition of the items that was refound first.

    Nice roman stone with reliefs other fragments Roman married couple )I guess�� Other relief relief
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    Inside the main building of the museum

    by 1courage Written May 17, 2008

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    First of all a precisation: this is only the main building of the archeological site. 500-600 metres from this place you find another building with many further roman objects and the famous water organ. In fact this isn`t a too big building but it`s an iteresting exposition anyway.
    My favourite statue is that what you see on the first pic of the tip-I cannot even immagine how could it survived all these 1900 (c.ca) years.
    Also the roman coins are quite impressive (I wish I only had one:) ) and there are some very well preserved amphoras and glasses as well.

    Awesome almost intact roman statue head of a former aquincum citizen Little but intect composition roman coins Roman amphoras
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    The rests of the big (military) Amphitheatre

    by 1courage Updated May 14, 2008

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    Well, this is what remained of the big Amphitheatre of Aquincum one of the many similars built by the great Roman Empire throughout Europe and the Middle East.
    It`s diameter is 90 metres wich exeeds the one of the Colosseum`s but of course there is no comparision in the other aspects with the most famous of the amphitheatres. Neighther in capability (12000-->50000) nor in beauty. Nevertheless it was very popular in it`s time.
    After the fall of the Roman empire noone needed such a spectacle anymore. So the people started slowly to dismantle it with the old palaces, the other Amphitheatre the centre of Acquincum and the Castrum of Pest. This procedure accelerated when the Buda castle was constructed. The lowest and oldest parts of the Castle were partially built of these rocks.
    Actually this Amphitheatre is a bit distant from Aquincum. You can find it 4 bus stops-6,86,60 (towards North) from the Margareth Bridge in a huge square.

    The amphitheatre I The amphitheatre II The amphitheatre III The amphitheatre IV The amphitheatre V
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    Aquincum

    by alancollins Written Oct 1, 2006

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    The Romans built the town of Aquincum, in what is now the Obuda District of Budapest. No one knew the Romans had built a town here until the end of the nineteenth century. The monuments visible today reflect the results of restoration work carried out between the early 1960's and the beginning of the 1970's and there are still remains waiting to be unearthed. Unfortunately there is a busy road next to the site, and the area looks rundown and scruffy. The museum is only open from mid April until the end of October but the remains are easily seen from outside the wall.

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    Ruins.

    by bluebug Written Aug 12, 2005

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    The following came from : http://www.fsz.bme.hu/hungary/budapest/bptour/bpduna03.htm

    "The town was founded in the first century A.D. by the Roman legions which had occupied the region they called Pannonia, and which is today's Transdanubia. The military settlement was situated on the site of today's Óbuda, to the south of Árpád Bridge. Aquincum was a civilian town surrounded by walls, with aqueducts, sewers and paved streets. Artisans, tradesmen and vine-growers lived here, but in the fourth century the repeated attacks of the Barbarians forced the population to leave the city. Gradually even the walls disappeared; the foundations came to light only during excavations which, though started at the end of the eighteenth century, have only recently become regular and continuous."

    When I went to visit these ruins I could'nt help but feel unfortunate to not have lived in those times and to witness a structure like that of the Aquincum. I passed by barred rooms that once held eager gladiators and tigers for battle. Now it hold only trash and homelessness. The ruins seem odd set amoung modern aparment complexes and outdoor cafes. Now the locals use it as a dog park.

    roman ruins
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    Civil Amphitheatre

    by Cristian_Uluru Written Jun 21, 2005

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    Outside the fence of the ruins of Aquincum, behind the bridge, there are the ruins of the civil amphitheatre. It is smaller than the military one and it is 86 metres wide and 75 metres long and here could sit more than 9000 people.
    Along th Szentendrei Ut, in the middle of the street, there are the ruins of the Roman Acqueduct.

    Civil Amphitheatre
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    Muzeum

    by Cristian_Uluru Written Jun 21, 2005

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    In the middle of the roman ruins there is the museum. It has got a neoclassical facade and it was built in the 1894 and here there are the most important objects of Aquincum. Along the colonnade wings there are many lapidarium.
    In the museum you can find a very detail history of the town and of the warks of discovery along the years. There are many statues, bronze coins and many other objects. The most nice object is the Idraulic Organ of the firemen. It was donated in th 228 AD from Gaio Julius Viatorino to the local firemen station and it was used to weak up the fireman. The one that you see is a perfect recustruction of the original located in a museum of Budapes.

    Muzeum
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    Butcher's house

    by Cristian_Uluru Written Jun 21, 2005

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    The building hnow as the Butcher's house is located in the vicinity of the butcher's shop (macellum). This large house with a central corridor had a supply of running water and floor heating. Its entrance was from a porch. Living room were situated to the right and left of the cenrtal corridor. Behind them in the inner courtyard stood a small ornamental well with an apse (nymphaeum). Meatpacking most probably took place on the other side of the courtyard in the stone-flagged rooms with running water and drainage channels. The building was erected in the 2nd century AD. Later it was rebuilt several times and continued to be used even in the 4th century AD.

    Butcher's house
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    Residential buildings or Merchant's House.

    by Cristian_Uluru Written Jun 21, 2005

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    Along its eastern side, a small lane separated the Merchant's house from the Butcher's house. Visitors and customers arriving from the street could enter the larger entrance hall from which the smaller rooms opened. The posterior part of the house, most probably the private residence of the owner, was separated from the entrance by a large transverse, corridor like hall. Behind it was an enclosed courtyard bordered by living rooms, some with floor-heating. An apsidal wing of the house to the north served as a bath. Fragments of wall-paintings from the collapsed walls found in its heating channel provide evidence of the interior decoration of the building.

    Residential buildings or Merchant's House.
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    The Mithraeum of Symphorus and Marcus

    by Cristian_Uluru Updated Jun 21, 2005

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    The location and groundplan of this Mithras shrine, situated near the south wall, were the same as those of other reconstructed mithraeum in the Civil Town, that is, the one built by M.A. Victorinus. The building, opening to the east, was surrounded by a stone wall, Within the eclosed area was a larger gathering place attached to the rectangular building from the south. Along both long side of the room opening from the entrance hall there was a platform. The room, slanting towards the west, ended in an inner chamber designed for the cult image and paraphernalia of the cult. According to an inscription there, the donors of the cult image, which has been reconstructed from the fragments, were Symphorus and Marcus. The shrine already functioned in the municipium period of the town (before 194 AD). In the Severan period, an incrase in the population and also the number of believers made necessary an extension of the shrine which also implies construction of an inner chamber with a more sumptuous design.

    The Mithraeum of Symphorus and Marcus
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