Buda Castle - Budavar, Budapest
I have to admit that I loved seeing Buda castle from a distance, especially during the night it looks amazing (pic 1). Overlooking the city from Castle Hill and it’s worth to be visited anyway as it is housing the National Hungarian Gallery that takes the middle section of the castle but also the Budapest Historical Museum.
Its construction started in 13th century by king Bela but it was just a small keep surrounded by thick walls at that time. The palace was actually built by king Lajos the Great and expanded many times during 14th century and then again by king Matthias. That old palace was demolished by Ottoman Turks during Budapest occupation (1541-1686) so after that a new palace was built in early 18th century in baroque style by king of Habsburg Charles III which was expanded by empress Maria Theresa.
Then the great fire of 1810 almost destroyed the palace again so new wings added after the Austro-Hungarian compromise in 1867. Of course WWII affect the palace for one more time…
There are many sculptures and monuments around that worth to be see while a bit further at Disz Ter (parade square) we watched the military guards change, a small ceremony that doesn’t really matter if you miss it. Definitely the building around are much more interesting, many of them in baroque style. Nearby there’s a small garden square and a monument (Honved Memorial) with a statue made by Gyorgy Zala in late 1893 dedicated to War of Independence (1848-49).
Buda castle dates back to 1265. It is located on top of Castle Hill, in Buda. Up until the 19th century, it was the official residence of Hungarian kings. Through its long history, it was destroyed and rebuilt several times, finally achieving its final form after World War II. First built as a Gothic palace, it took on a Renaissance style in the 15th century under King Matyas, then it became a Baroque palace in the 17th century, and it was decorated in a Rococo style under Maria Teresa, Queen of Hungary. The palace was almost completely destroyed during World War II, and its reconstruction was completed in 1966, during the course of which extensive archeological work was conducted to unearth the castle's history. The view of Central Pest from the castle's terrace is fantastic! The oldest remaining part of the royal palace now houses the Budapest History Museum, while most of the former royal appartments of Maria Teresa are now home to the Hungarian National Gallery. Another section of the castle houses the Sechenyi National Library, a research library that houses an important collection of historical documents (not open to visitors).
A UNESCO site, the Buda Castle dominates the Buda side of the city. Construction of this castle began in the 14th century and was expanded upon during medieval times. It even withstood the Ottoman invasions with minimal damage. In 1686 the castle was destroyed, then the Habsburgs attempted to rebuild it, but later it was destroyed once more. One more attempt was made and the castle was finally rebuilt in 1769. It's interesting to note that at that time, it cost approximately $1,816.08 to rebuild Buda Castle. Some members of the Habsburg family lived here until the Hungarians took over Buda and the castle was greatly damaged again. In the 1850s it was rebuilt for the third time and Franz Joseph I was crowned here. After being damaged more times (mainly from the second world war), it was rebuilt again in 1966. Buda Castle contains a plethora of different rooms for example the King's Cellar, the Palatinal Crypt, and the Baroque Court. Outside of the castle you can find beautiful monuments like the Turul and Matthias Fountain. At Buda Castle, you can also explore the Budapest History Museum, the Szechenyi Library, and the Hungarian National Gallery. The area around the castle is very beautiful (especially in the summer). Excellent views of the city can be seen here as well. I definitely recommend a visit here so you can see a large piece of the nation's history.
Buda Castle (Hungarian: Budavári Palota, German: Burgpalast, Turkish: Budin Kalesi) is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, first completed in 1265.
In the past, it was also called Royal Palace (Hungarian: Királyi-palota) and Royal Castle (Hungarian: Királyi Vár, German: Königliche Burg).
Buda Castle was built on the southern tip of Castle Hill, bounded on the north by what is known as the Castle District (Várnegyed), famous for its Medieval, Baroque and 19th century houses, churches and public buildings. It is linked to Clark Ádám Square and the Széchenyi Chain Bridge by the Castle Hill Funicular.
The castle is part of the Budapest World Heritage Site, declared in 1987.
U need several hours to enjoy the whole area and to shoot photos, a must see spot of Budapest ... :)
The Buda Castle in Budapest I. one part of town known as the Castle district. Since 1987, the UNESCO World Heritage List under the name Castle Hill is included. With a number of medieval monuments, and 17-18. century houses and public buildings is located. The Buda Castle district has three main elements of the Royal Palace, St. George's Square and the historic district.
Buda Palace is a complex of buildings on the castle hill and the feature which dominates any view from the banks of the Danube with it's famous green dome.
It's home to the Hungarian National Gallery and Budapest History Museum as well as being quite pleasant to walk around in it's own right.
We entered via the Habsburg steps which follow an ornamental gateway (dating from 1903) from near the Sikló funicular and lead down into the gardens of the palace where there are several fountains and statues including that of Prince Eugene of Savoy astride his horse. The statue commemorates the 1697 battle of Zenta which was seen as important in the war with the Turks. At this point you will be near the entrance to the Hungarian National Gallery which is well worth seeing. Nearby there is a small passage which leads throughto a courtyyard where you will find the Mátyás Fountain which depicts the Hungarian king Mátyás Corvinus and was designed by Alajos Stróbl in 1904.
A much larger archway here is the Lion Gate, so named because it is guarded on each side by two stone lions, and this leads through to a completely encircled courtyard known as the Lions courtyard where you will find the Budapest History Museum
Besides the annual wine festival, Buda Castle also started hosting the annual beer festival this year between 25-28 August 2011. We enjoyed the local and international beers with my wife and friends. There were many food stalls to find the right snack to accompany your beer. Also many music bands took stage during the festival to let everybody have more fun. The attendance was really high and there were queues in most beer stalls. In overall, we enjoyed it so much.
The annual wine festival in Buda Castle celebrated its 20th anniversary this year. You can find many local and international examples of fine wines in this festival. Of course, there are food stalls, music and dance shows to fill your day. Don't be surprised with the crowd and the queues in front of wine stalls.
Buda Castle has a fantastic panaromic view over Danube. You can reach to the top by funicular, by bus, by bike or by walking. National Gallery is located inside the castle as well as a very nice fountain, eagle statue and lion statues. There are annual wine and beer festivals organized at Buda castle and it is incredible to see how many people can fit into that area. You can find more details about wine and beer festivals in dedicated tips.
Buda Castle is the sprawling castle and complex that for centuries housed the kings and queens of Hungary. Atop Castle Hill and looming over the neighbouring Pest, Buda Castle (Budavári Palota) has been attacked, destroyed and rebuilt almost as many times as Hungary has won the Eurovision contest. The beautiful grounds are open to the public today (look for fun fountains and gorgeous gardens), and inside visitors can access several museums, such as the Hungarian National Gallery (tracing Hungarian art from the eleventh century to modern times) and the Budapest History Museum. Don't miss the Corvinus Gate, named for Matthias Corvinus, which is topped with a symbolic black "guard raven".
In other words this well is named as "King Matthias' Well". The sculptures symbolize the action of King Matthias' hunting. It is very popular place to take photos and to watch into another nice panorama of Buda district.
The King is accompanied by the legendary Ilonka and a falconer.
Castle of Buda (or differently named Palace of Buda) stands on the oldest part of Budapest - Buda district. The fortress here was built in 1255.
After centuries of reconstruction now castle have a look of 15th-16th centuries. Mostly all the castle is a National Gallery now, housing the sculpture and pictures of 19-20th centuries.
The southern part of the Buda hill is the site where the Royal castle was built. Basically nothing is left of the medieval castle, built by the Kings from the Anjou dynasty in the 14th century. A few relics of the later castle are preserved and on display in the basement of the present-day building (in the Historic museum). The magnificent Renaissance palace was destroyed in the Turkish wars, the Baroque palace was enlarged and re-designed in the 19th century but severely damaged in WWII. From 1950 on it was reconstructed - more functionally than authentically. The ugly windows are an insult for the eyes e.g.
Anyway, nowadays the complex is home for the Hungarian National Gallery, a stunning collection of Hungarian works of art from medieval to contemporary, the Szechenyi National Library and the Budapest Historic Museum. I didn't have time for one of those so just wandered around on the grounds, admired the views of the city and the few preserved original pieces: The neo-Baroque staircase at the northern entrance to the garden terrace, the monument of Prince Eugen von Savoyen, the beautiful Matthias fountain from 1904, the originally preserved fortifications on the southern side of the hill - where I left the castle grounds through Ferdinand gate and walked down to the Danube bank.
Situated on the southern tip of Castle Hill, the first royal residence was built by Bela IV between 1247-1265 following the Mongol Invasion, and many enlargements and renovations took place throughout the Medieval period. During it's history it has been through earthquake, fire, siege and world war - it was neglected and used as barracks and stables during the Ottoman occupation; destroyed by seige in 1686; demolished in 1715 and rebuilt as a Baroque palace, although some medieval portions survived; laid seige to again in 1849 and was burnt out; and rebuilt again in the 19th century only to be once more reduced to ruins during the seige of Budapest 1944-45, and gutted during the Communist regime of the 1950s. It was finally rebuilt and restored between the 1960s-80s.
The castle now contains two museums - Budapest History Museum including the Medieval Royal Palace, and the Hungarian National Gallery.
After crossing the Chain Bridge, there is a funicular to climb the hill to the castle
Yes I know, there are a lot of stairs to climb, but that is what enables you to get excellent views from the terrases over the gardens.
The original Castle was built in the 13th Century. In the 14th Century it was enlarged and later in the time of King Matthias it was transformed into a Palace.
The Turks controlled Buda for 150 years , after their departure the castle area was rebuilt into a Baroque Palace.
The three museums that are today housed here, are, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest History Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art.