Back side of Buda castle is dominated by beautiful Matthias Fountain, artwork of Alajos Strobl, made in a period between 1898 and 1904. Fountain depicts a legend in which a young girl called Szep Ilonka – Beautiful Ilonka fell in love with King Matthias when he was out hunting, unaware that he was the king. Matthias Fountain is one of the best known tourist spots of Budapest.
Turul is the mythological bird of the origin myth of the Hungarian people. The biggest and the best known statue of Turul is in Tatabanya. Statue of Turul in Budapest, artwork of Gyula Donath, created in 1905, is located by the north side of Buda castle.
The Castle was the residence of Hungarian kings for ages. The fortification system and the palace were built in the 13th century following the Mongol invasion. It was destroyed and rebuilt many times, and being renewed from time to time symbolizes the country itself.
Built on medieval foundations, the Renaissance structures were destroyed by the Turks. Later, the Baroque Palace burned down, then its reconstructed buildings were damaged during the War of Independence (1848). In the late 19 th century Miklós Ybl oversaw the reconstruction and enlargement of the Palace, which was completed in the neo-Baroque style by Alajos Hauszmann.
I would recommend you to do a nice walk on the streets of the hill from Becsi Kapu until the Castle. It's a good 20 minutes walk, but the old littel streets and houses, and the other sights are worth to see as well. Other way is to walk through the Chain Bridge and then go up to the Castle with the funicular.
Walking on the part of the Castle facing the Buda side, you will find a huge stone portal eith lions, which is the entrance of the very spacious Lions Garden.
As some other parts of the Castle, this square just got a new illumination, so it looks better then ever! :)
Equestrian Monument of Prince Eugene of Savoy has dominant position – it is in front of Buda castle and it can be seen even from Pesta side of Danube. This magnificent neo-baroque statue is major work of Hungarian sculptor Jozsef Rona. It was erected in 1900.
The formal Royal Palace stands high above Danube at the southern end of Castle Hill. It was Bela IV who first established a royal residence here in the 13th century. King Matthias rebuilt the palace in Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and in 1886 it was destroyed during battle with the Ottomans. The Habsburgs rebuilt it to a large castle with 203 rooms and in late 19th century and early 20th century the palace was extended and the dome built. During the Nazi occupation the palace was completely burnt out. As the palace was rebuilt again the interior was constructed to hold some museums.
Here you will find the Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest History Museum and Ludwig Museum of Contemporary Art. Unfortunately it was a Monday when I was there and all the museums were closed.
In backyard of Buda castle there is the statue of Csikos – the guard of the horses. Its location (not the original one – the statue had been moved to it in 1945), former Ujvilag terrace is now called Csikos court. The statue is artwork of Hungarian painter and sculptor Gyorgy Vastagh, and it was erected in 1902.
Although it has been destroyed and rebuilt many times, this is what dominated the skyline when you look across at Buda from Pest.
Now it contains the National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum .
I really enjoyed the National Gallery which has a predominantly Hungarian collection from gothic to modern times. I normally get bored by Catholic religious artwork so I stuck mainly to the contemporary stuff. Some of it was really 'interesting' such as the multi video screen piece which consisted of old ugly naked men moving around in a bizarre timing. Like someone was pressing the FFW button then the REW button one after the other! Sorry that's what I remember most!
Other pieces were more normal and less revealing than that example! If you would like to see if the naked men are still there, or see what else the gallery has to offer, it is open from 10am-6pm every day except Mondays. It cost about 400ft if you are under 26 and 800ft if you are older.
The Budapest History Museum in wing E looks at the last 2000 years of history. Unfortunately I didn't get a chance to go in but if you would like to have a loo it is open the same times as the art gallery except that it closes on Tuesdays. It was also 400ft.
Be careful using a camera in either of these places because they don't take kindly to it and will fine you!!!!
It is also pleasant to walk around the grounds if you are not into art or history! It's cheaper do this to if you don't have much money.
Buda Castle is in the Castle District of Budapest. It's sits high above the city and has spectacular views.Buda Castle was the home of the Hungarian Kings. The castle is currently under renovations to restore it to its former external glory. The interior of the palace is filled with a chapel, ballrooms, crypts, theNational Gallery and many works of art.
The National Gallery of Hungary occupies the major and central portion of the Royal Palace and has an extensive art collection dating from the 11th Century to current and documenting Hungarian art through this entire period. The Museum dates from 1957 and has occupied this location since 1975. The permanent exhibits are divided into several sections, including sacred and secular art ranging from sculptures and paintings to winged altarpieces to modern art. Featured are the most famous of Hungarian painters of the last several hundred years.
It is easy to spend hours in this museum for obvious reasons. I should note that signage for the most famous artwork is lacking at least in English and I am sure we walked right past some of the most important artworks, which is disappointing. Apparently, guided tours can be had for a reasonable price. In retrospect, had we been aware, the guided tour would have been a wise choice. However, the palace of course is magnificent and the National Gallery should be an important stopping point on the Castle Hill.
I rode the 95-meter funicular from near Chain Bridge and ended up at the magnificentBuda Castle (Hungarian: Budai Vár, Turkish: Budin Kalesi) which is part of the Budapest World heritage Site of 1987. You have to go here when in Budapest because the views are just spectacular!
A true Royal Palace, Buda Castle was built on the southern tip of Castle Hill, next to the Baroque and 19th century houses and public buildings of the old Castle District (Hun: Várnegyed). It is also linked to Adam Clark Square.
The Castle Hill where Budapest was founded is awesome - rising 48 meters above the Danube and giving those perfect KODAK views of the Danube. It has been conquered and re-conquered several times and it’s amazing that the whole complex still stands after all these years. The renovations of the 1950’s helped a lot to bring the place back to its previous glory.
Today, The Castle has 203 rooms and houses several museums, among them the Budapest Historical Museum and the National Gallery.
UPDATE UPDATE UPDATE!
I made a video of my trip to Budapest!
Hope you like this video:
MT FIRST DAY IN BUDAPEST
It's not only the castle that is well worth seeing and all the other activities you can do in the Castle district such as visit museums and art galleries and churches but also the spectacular view of the Danube and the parliament buildings. There are so many photos waiting for you up there! Especially near the Fisherman's Bastion.
The southern part of the Buda hill is the site where the Royal castle was built. Basically nothing is left of the medieval castle, built by the Kings from the Anjou dynasty in the 14th century. A few relics of the later castle are preserved and on display in the basement of the present-day building (in the Historic museum). The magnificent Renaissance palace was destroyed in the Turkish wars, the Baroque palace was enlarged and re-designed in the 19th century but severely damaged in WWII. From 1950 on it was reconstructed - more functionally than authentically. The ugly windows are an insult for the eyes e.g.
Anyway, nowadays the complex is home for the Hungarian National Gallery, a stunning collection of Hungarian works of art from medieval to contemporary, the Szechenyi National Library and the Budapest Historic Museum. I didn't have time for one of those so just wandered around on the grounds, admired the views of the city and the few preserved original pieces: The neo-Baroque staircase at the northern entrance to the garden terrace, the monument of Prince Eugen von Savoyen, the beautiful Matthias fountain from 1904, the originally preserved fortifications on the southern side of the hill - where I left the castle grounds through Ferdinand gate and walked down to the Danube bank.
The huge Royal Palace dominates the southern part of Castle Hill as seen from Pest, lighted beautifully at night. LIke the city it has been destroyed and rebuilt several times. The original dates to King Bela IV in the 13th Century. It was replaced by a larger gothic structure in the early 15th Century and again by a Renaissance palace in the late 15th Century commissioned by King Matthias and his Italian wife Beatrix. It was one of the most extravagant buildings of its time.
During the years of Ottoman control, the palace was little damaged but also not well maintained and in serious disrepair. However, it was destroyed during the Christian reconquest of 1686 and gradually replaced and enlarged from that point. Further damage ocurred during the mid 19th Century upheavals, and again reconstructed by the Habsburgs after the concord of 1867. During WWII, the Germans used the castle as a command post and as the war ended the castle was again destroyed. This post war reconstruction includes features of the last several centuries and is used currently for cultural purposes housing the National Library, the Hungarian National Gallery, and the Budapest History Museum.
As imaged, the castle is imposing and dominating during daylight hours and lit spectacularly after nightfall.
We were so impressed with this magnificent statuary, which is corroded and in horrible shape, and without any identification whatsoever. It is behind the museums of the Royal Palace and features the king hunting with his dogs and entourage. At the bottom is a peasant woman named Ilona who fell in love with the valiant hunter without realizing that he was king. After learning his true identity, and that she could never have him because of her peasant background, her heart broke into pieces. Such is the legend of this statue.