Gellert hill is located on the Buda side of the hill and offers spectacular views over the city.
The fortress in the Citadella was built by the Hapsburgs in 1851. The fortress is now a military museum and the area is also the site of the Liberty Statue which can be seen overlooking the city. The monument was erected in 1947 by the Soviet army to commerorate their victory during WWII and depicts a woman holding an olive branch.
On top of the hill is the Citadel, that is where you'll find the Freedom Monument. This is a striking statue of a woman holding a palm branch aloft. From the Citadel there are amazing views of Buda, Pest & the Danube.
The best part of Gellert Hill is the view of the city. Gellert was a missionary from Venice, who was one of the first missionaries to convert the Hungarians in the area to Christianity. He was eventually stoned, put in a barrel, and pushed down the hill to his death in 1046. He was made holy by the Vatican in 1083. The monument was given as a gift by Emperor Franz Joseph and was created in 1904.
Gellert Hill has some of the best views of Budapest and several attractions that can easily fill much of a day. We approached the hill form Erzsebet Bridge and our first stop was the Monument of St Gellert, which stands on the spot where he was tossed from the hill to his death (Bishop Gellert worked for St. Stephen in converting the pagans to Christianity). At the top of the hill you will find some spectacular views of the royal palace and old town to the north, the river to the west, and to the south the famous Gellert Hotel. Also at the top are the Citadella and the Liberation Monument.
If you choose to descend the hill to the south, as we did, you will pass the Cave Church and the Gellert Hotel with its famous thermal baths. Here you will be at Szabadsag Bridge where you can cross the river to the Market Hall or to the Kalvin Ter metro stop.
The Citadella was built on Gellert Hill by the Austrians when they occupied the city in the mid 1800s. Nazi Germany took over the Citadella during World War II, and the statue of Victory was erected by the Russians to commemorate their defeat of the Germans in World War II. This area offers some outstanding views of the river, the city, Parliament, and Fisherman's Bastion.
At the top of Gellert Hill, you will see the citadel with the giant freedom statue. I believe this is the best spot in Budapest to watch Danube and Pest side. Depending on the visibility, you may even spot kilometers away. From the citadel, you cover a larger area to watch compared to Buda castle. I am sure many of you will take lots of pictures with your cameras like everyone does. Try to visit also at night when you can watch the city lights fall on Danube.
Ontop of Gellert Hill is a citadella which was never actually used for its original purpose as a fortress. As expected from such a high vantage point there are some great views of the city and the surrounding areas from here. My favourite is the one looking down on the castle.
The large monument here viewable from most of the city of a woman holding a palm leaf was built as a tribute to the Soviet soldiers that died to liberate the country at the end of World War 2. It is the only communist era monument or statue left on view in the city except for the ones preserved at statue park. The names of the soldiers were however removed which perhaps shows still the sensitivity of the issue of communism and how keeping this monument intact must have took a lot of discussion.
You can either walk up the side of the hill from near the river bank or it is possible to get public transport to near the top.
The Citadel, on Gellért Hill, was built by the Austrians to control the city after the 1848-1849 war of independence. Today it’s nothing else than a great look-out, with a restaurant, a café and a hotel.
On the top of the hill there’s a 14 m high Liberation Monument (1947), which can be seen from Pest.
The Citadel. In our opinion, the best views of the city are from The Citadel. You can see both views of Pest and Buda. The Citadel is located on Gellert Hill, named after the martyred Bishop Gellert who is known as the patron saint of Budapest. I was told by a local that he met his untimely death by being rolled down Gellert Hill in a barrel of nails. Ouch!
Named for a Christian martyr, Gellert Hill rises majestically above the Danube River, offering visitors a panoramic view of the city of Budapest. Gellert Hill, rising about 140 meters above sea level, is named for Bishop Gellert , known for his mission to spread Christianity throughout Hungary. After the death of Saint Stephen, the first Christian king of Hungary, legend has it that the rebelling insurgent pagan Magyars sealed Gellert up in a barrel and hurled him down the side of the hill. Atop Gellert Hill sits the Citadel, a structure built by the Austrian Habsburgs between 1850 and 1854 in order to better control the city after the suppression of the Hungarian War of Independence. This fortress, which sits at the top of the hill, was originally about 200m long with walls about 6m high and up to 3m thick. Erected atop the hill in 1947, the Liberation Monument pays homage to the Soviet soldiers that freed the city from the Nazis during World War II.
The liberty statue, contrary to what most of the people think, originally wasn`t a communist memorial. In fact, Miklós Horthy, the governor of Hungary until 1944, dedicated it to the memory of his son who was a pilot and died in the second World war. It`s a work of the sculptor, Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl.
Fortunately, after the war, the communist didn`t want to destroy the statue and they made it the central figure of the liberation monument, erected in 1947. Two other sculptures, representing sovietic soldiers were also part of the composition, but those were removed after the fall of the communism. The statue and the column on wich stands, are 40 metres high, and they can bee seen from almost every part of the City. It`s night illmunination is simply fantastic.
After the beat down of the revolution and indipendence war (1848-1849), the habsburgs decided to built this fortress to terrorize the population and to prevent any further uprising. Strangely, the citadel was projected by hungarian architects, Emánuel Zita and Ferenc Kasselik, and it was finished in 1851. The fortress was constructed on the place of a previous one, built during the turkish occupation, wich was smantelled in the XVIII.century.
Th citadel is 60 meters wide, 220 meters long,
60 cannons promised an adeguate response to any further rebellion.
In 1867 the year of the equalization between Habsburgs and the hungarians, the inhabitants pretended the demolition of the fortress, but it never occured. In the 1890`s the fortress was transformed, and after the wwII, also the communists decided to keep it as a tourist centre. I didn`t put in more pics, because, clicking on the link below, you can see great panoramical images of this place. Some parts have already been restored, but the Citadel needs a complete renovation. You can see even the holes, made by cannons in the wwII. on the wall.
Szabadság Szobor was first erected in 1947 in remembrance of the Soviet liberation of Hungary from Nazi forces during World War II. Its location upon Gellért Hill makes it a prominent feature of Budapest's cityscape. The existing 14 meter tall bronze statue stands atop a 26 meter pedestal and holds a palm branch. Several smaller statues are also present around the base, but the original monument consisted of several more that have since been removed from the site and relocated to Statue Park. The monument was designed by Zsigmond Kisfaludi Stróbl. At the time of the monument's construction, the Soviet liberation from Nazi forces event was considered a liberation -- leading to the original inscription upon the memorial, which can be translated to read "Erected by the grateful Hungarian Nation in memory of the liberating Russian heroes." Over the following years, public sentiment toward the Soviets decreased to the point of revolution, which was attempted in 1956 and subsequently damaged some portions of the monument. After the 1989 transition from Communist rule to a more Democratic government, the inscription was modified to read (translated from Hungarian), "To the memory of all of those who sacrificed their lives for the independence, freedom, and success of Hungary."
Saint Gellert came to Hungary on the orders of the Roman Catholic Church to promote the Christianity during the kingdom of our first king, Saint Stephen(1000-1038). After the death of the king, the pagan resistence became more intensive and the bishop was thrown down from the hill wich later got his name to commemorate his sacrifice. The hill is a popular tourist spot. It`s 235 meters tall, like an average skyscraper and it offers awesome views. On the hill we find various sculptures, the Saint Gellert`s monument, the Liberty statue, the Philosophical garden, created in 2001 and almost stolen by some turds not much ago, the meeting of King Buda and Queen Pest and of course the famous Citadel, and the Rock Chapel.
Gillert Hill takes its name from from Bishop Gellert who helped King Stephen convert his people to christianity. Gillert was clubbed to death by jealous pagan chiefs on the hill and his body, some stories say, was nailed in a barred and rolled down the hill into the Danube. The 11 metre statue, which overlook Elizabeth Bridge was built in 1904 and has an artificial waterfall below it.