Gellert Hill and the Citadella is a must see thing indeed, but the thing I like the most about it is the view the Hill offers!
It's just so high above the city, offering a great overview of the structure of Budapest. From the Statue of Liberty (in front of the Citadella) you can also see, the Buda side and the southern part of Pest including the Csepel Island. From the side facing the Danube, all the Pest side, the buildings along the Danubeside, like e.g. the Parliament and also the Buda Castle is visible. Simply amazing! :)
The Citadella was made in 1851 by Franz Josef as a fortress from where he could shoot to both sides of the rebellious dual city.
The building was designed by Emanuel Zita and Ferenc Kasselik, but was far from being technicly modern even at that time. It was more to frighten the people then to actually be used as a war fortress.
The Citadella is 220m long, 60m wide and it's walls are 4m thick. The once fortress is now a tourist attraction. It offers a nice view on the city, but not forcliy better then from just outside...however it's worth to visit!
By now you are wondering who that nut is
waving in a static way (he's a statue) with
a cross high above the road here.
Well it is mister Géllert. I already told you
that king Stefanus (Esteban) had this
missionary from Venice to help out to
Christianize the people.
When the king died in 1046 an unstable
period began. Pagans nailed the bishop
in a ton and pushed him of the hill.
In 1083 the Vatican made him holy and that is
why he is still up the hill. (It doesn't take much
to become holy , get burned , crusified ,
thorn in pieces etc. For a lot of holy people
see my Rome page)
You can walk towards him by stairs
coming from two sides
and an artificial water fall in the middle.
But we where going bathing? No?
By night You can see a Cross on the south-east side of the Gellert hill. Below this Cross (on the picture: in the middle) there is a Cave-chapel inside the Gellert hill which was developed after the First World War and was consecrated on 23rd May 1926.
There is the Hotel Gellert on the left side and the Szabadsag hid (Liberty Bridge) no the right side.
Gellert Hill rises high above the city of Budapest on the Buda side of the Danube River. As I mentioned in my introduction, almost every guide or internet page about Budapest mentions that it is actually a combination of three cities or villages. Up until the end of the 1800's this was the limit of the town of Buda. The hill served as an outpost and fortress for Buda Castle. From the Pest side of Budapest this hill appears to be almost cliff like in height, when actually it is only approximately 430 feet high. From the top of the hill you get an excellent view of the city. I climbed the hill on my first day in Budapest. My hotel, The Gellert, was located at the base of the hill so it was really the logical place for me to start my exploration of Budapest.
The top can be reached on foot, but it is a steep climb. It took me about a half hour to climb to the summit, but I made several stops for pictures and to enjoy the scenery on the way. There is also a road that starts from the Elizabeth Bridge which will allow cars to reach the top of the hill. There is a a bus, number 27, that will take you to the top.
St. Gellert was a bishop that was killed by the pagans during the great pagan rebellion in 1046. He was put in a barrel and rolled down into the deep from the top of the hill. His statue no looks out from the hill from where he lost his life.
The Citadella is a fortress on top of Gellert Hill. It was built by the Habsburgs in 1851, but has never been used in battle. Now days it is a tourist attraction with nothing else to see than the great view over Budapest (unfortunately it was a very unclear day when we visited). There is a souvenir shop, a restaurant, a café, a hotel and a club. Outside the citadel there are some big guns.
The Freedom Monument is located at the top of Gellert Hill, it was put up by the Russians in 1947 and originally incorporated a Soviet soldier, this was later removed after the fall of comminism.
The statue is of a lady holding a palm leaf.
The Liberation Monument at the Citadella on Gellért Hill was originally erected by the Communists in 1947 to pay homage to the Soviets who liberated Hungary from the Nazis. The figure of the woman holding a palm leaf over her head symbolizes the liberation, but also became an enduring symbol of Budapest. So the monument remained after the end of Communism in 1989. However, the statue of a liberating Soviet soldier is now "exiled" to Szoborpark (Statue Park). The text on the monument used to list the names of those Red Army soldiers who died during the liberation in Cyrillic. Now the text reads, "In memory of all those who gave their lives for the independence, liberty, and happiness of Hungary."
The one time I climbed the hill to get a closer look at the Citadella and Liberation Monument, the area was off limits due to the St. Stephen's Day celebrations on August 20. It turns out that Gellért Hill is the perfect place from which to launch fireworks!
We walked up Gellert Hill from opposite the Elizabeth Bridge, the climb was long and high! People say that the best view is from here at night, we were here during the day and if the broken glass and bottles are anything to go by, I sure wouldnt walk up here at night!
The views are spectacular, and well worth the effort!
The hill that dramatically rises over Danube a little south from the Buda hill is Citadella, and it offers great views of both Buda hill and Pest side of the city.
On top of the hill there is a citadel built by the Habsburgs in the middle of the 19th-century, its hill top position was used to strengthen their hold over Buda's inhabitants after the failed War of Independence between 1848-1849. Since then, the building has been used as a prison camp and an anti-aircraft battery by German forces during the World War II (some military devices are still on display). There is also a Soviet-style Liberation Monument overlooking the Danube, but the only real reason to visit this place are breathtaking views it offers.
Great news! After the long climb up Gellert Hill to see the Liberation Monument you will find a refreshment stand! I was a little concerned. I had not done my homework very well and was not sure what to find at the top of the hill. It was a warm day and I was getting very thirsty on my climb. Then at the top I saw it. Soft drinks, water, ice cream. It looked like an oasis to me. Be prepared. They do not take credit cards at the refreshment stand. Keep some cash handy.
The Citadella is located atop Gellert Hill, it is a fortress which was constructed in 1848/49 to restore order after the war of independence.
There are exibitions here, a hotel and restaurant....along with great views across the city.
You absolutely must visit the Citadella. I made the mistake of missing this on my first visit. Then I spent almost two years living in Budapest without visiting. When I finally did I couldn't believe what I had been missing. The Citadella offers some of the best views I have ever seen anywhere in the world. Prague might be prettier, Paris more elegant, and London more impressive, but nothing I have seen there matches the views of Budapest from the Citadella.
The views must have been spectacular here before there was even a city. The Danube snaking down the valley, and the green forested hills rolling along the horizon. But when you add in the enormity of the Castle District, the blanket of multicoloured roofs soaking up the summer sunshine, and the network of bridges criss-crossing the glistening Danube, you have something that you'll not see anywhere else on the planet. You'll understand very quickly why this is such a popular place to visit, and such an exclusive and expensive part of Budapest.
The Citadella itself was built as a fortification by the Austrians back in the 19th century. Later the communists added the victory statue to the front, leaning out over the Danube. That statue is now the Citadella's most prominent structure, so it's not surprising that as soon as the Iron Curtain fell, the Hungarians changed the monument from one celebrating the Soviet "liberation" to one celebrating all those who gave their lives for liberty.
You can walk around the Citadella for free, or you can go inside to see the museum and get even better views from its walls. The price is steep, though, at 1200 forints per person.
Note: Unfortunately my pictures, due to the sheer scale of the views, don't do them justice. I also suspect that getting up onto the Citadella walls would give much better pictures, due to less trees.
From Belgrad rakpart you can see very well the Gellert-hegy with the Citadel over it. In the middle of the hill, in front of the Elisabeth Bridge, there is the nice statue of S.Gellert, a missionary bishop borned in Venice and canonized in 1046 when people killed him fallen down him from this hill. Now there is a statue made by Gyula Jankovits in 1904.