Flanked by the Palace of Fine Arts and the Exhibition Hall and situated at the entrance to beautiful City Park, Budapest’s Heroes’ Square stands in honour and memory of the great leaders in Hungary’s history.
Heroes’ Square has been the site of numerous special events throughout the last century, including many Socialist holiday celebrations staged during the country’s Communist era. Pope John Paul II preached here & many heated political rallies continue to take place at this popular location.
Hõsök tére really does deserve two tips, if only because there are two different monuments that deserve extra coverage, especially when it comes to the pictures with the tip. I’ve already described the Millennium Monument above, but there is a second set of statues and monuments that also stands out. These are arranged in two colonnades distributed evenly behind the Millennium Monument and showcasing six great statesmen/figures in the history of the Hungarian people. The funny thing is that these are not all the same statues that were erected in the early part of the 20th century when the Square was first built: the five left-most statues were originally devoted to the five members of the Hapsburg dynasty. However, the monument was damaged in the Second World War and, when it was repaired the government decided that it would be more appropriate to match the great Kings of Hungary with the heroes of Hungarian independence and nationhood, such as Kossuth and Rákóczi. All of the statues portray these men in various significant positions, such as receiving the cross from the Pope (Stephen I) or rallying peasants on the Great Plain (Kossuth). The colonnades themselves are topped with various allegorical sculptures representing the great virtues and the evils of war and injustice.
Hõsök tére is the incredible square that lies between the last and second last stops of M1, at the end of Andrássy út. It is a massive open area that was originally planned to mark the Millennium of the arrival of the Magyar tribes from Siberia in the Carpathian Basin, essentially establishing the Hungarian nation, in 896. The centre of the square plays host to the Millennium Monument, a huge column and a cenotaph surrounded by a chain. The cenotaph is a memorial for the heroes of the Hungarian nation and, despite the stories and rumours, there is no one buried here – it is just a monument. At the base of the monument are seven statues representing the seven tribes of Magyars who first migrated into the basin. The one in the centre, and the most prominent statue, is Árpád, the chieftain who led the Magyar migration. Of course, the sheer length of time that has passed since the event means that everything by way of visual display is an artist’s rendering and not an actual representation of the people, their likeness or even their clothes. The statue of the Archangel Gabriel at the top of the column is also significant, since it is holding the crown of Stephen (Istvan) I, the first King of Hungary and the first Hungarian monarch to be christened. The angel is also holding the cross awarded to the King by the Pope at the time of his conversion. If you’re really particular about getting lots of good shots of famous monuments, make sure to get here really early, since the entire Square fills up with tons of tourists and it can be difficult to weave your way through the various buses to find a good vantage point.
Hero's Sqaure has the Millenium Mom=nument, Secession Pavillion, Museum of Fine Arts and the Muscarok Palace of Art.
We visited Heros Square and found it quite beautiful espeially at night when everything is illuminated.
In the center of Heros Square is the Millenium Monument. The center column had the Archangel Gabriel soaring on top holding an apostolic cross and the crown of King Istvan. The base of the column has statues of Prince Arpad and six Magyar warriors. The stone in front of the column is dedicated to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
At either side of the column are colonades with allegorical compositions and statues of great Hungarians.
In opposite to the Independence Monument on Gellert Hill, this one is through and through Hungarian. It was erected in 1896 to celebrate the entering of the Magyar tribes into the Pannonian Bassin which marks the founding of the hungarian state. The monument shows 14 hungarian rulers from St. Stephen to Lajos Kossuth. Four allegorical figures symbolize prosperity, war, peace and glory. Of course, also the seven magyar chiefs of the famous tribes are displayed here. In the center of the monument, a 36 high pillar with the Archangel Gabriel on its top was placed there. He holds the hungarian cross and the hungarian crown.
Heroes’ Square is popular with skateboarding kids or other people doing similar sports. It is surrounded by art museums on two sides, Andrassy Utca one one side and the Park on the other.
The millenary monument has a lot of history. The square is the largest in Budapest. There are a number of statues of the 7 Magyars, designated as founders of the city. They all are rough and gruff looking. The statues are very impressive, as well as the area is one great monument to heroism. The column in the middle is 36 meters high and on top is Archangel Gabriel. It was designed for the millennium celebration in 1896, but did not get completed until 1929. In the large pedestal type where the people are standing is the tomb of the unknown soldier. The semicicular columns are showing the famous rulers of Hungary. A stone monument in the front is guarded by soldiers. It commemorates the ones died for freedom.
The palace of arts that is located on the Heroes square (Mucsarnok in Hungarian).
The museum was built in 1895 in Eclectic - Neo classical style (like the other museum in the square - museum of fine arts).
A ticket to the museum will cost 1200 Forint.
The museum of fine art that is located on the Heroes squre (Szepmuveszeti Muzeum in Hungarian).
The museum was built between 1900 and 1906 in Eclectic - Neo classical style , and inside you can find collections on these departments - Antique, Egyptian, Old painter gallery, Modern collection, Old sculpture gallery and Graphics collection.
A Ticket will cost 1200 Forint.
Heroes square (hosok tere in Hungarian) is a big square at the end of Andrassy street and very close to the city park.
In this square you will find the millennium monument , two lovely buildings - museum of fine arts and palace of art.
The millennium monument is a big monument with lovely statues - the leaders of the seven tribes and also more statues.
Hero Square is a bit Budapest's most famous places like the Eiffel tower in Paris or Big Ben in London : it's the major square in Pest. Moreover there is a lot of things to visit around the square : the city park, the zoo, Szechenyi Baths, Museum of Fine arts, Palace of Art, Andrassy ut.
At the center of the place, there is the "Millennium Memorial" : statues of the leaders of the seven tribes that founded Hungary in the 9th century and other outstanding figures of Hungarian history. The monument was started for hungarian millennium (1896) to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the arrival of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin.
On the top of the column we see the sculpture of archangel Gabriel (1.st pic), who holds Saint Stephen`s Holy Crown and the Double Cross. This is also a work of György Zala, like the allegorical statues of:
2.the Peace and
The communists, in the 1940`s destroyed some of the statues (representing habsburg kings, wich were replaced by other personalities), and they wanted to demolish also the column on wich we see the archangel Gabriel to give place to the huge monument of stalin.
Fortunately this has never occured, All the square, included the statues, in the 90`s was completely renovated. The refurbishment finished in 2001, and this year, in 2006 also the Museum of the fine arts has regained it`s original beauty.
But on this square we find another interesting building: -->
1. Gábor Bethlen (1613-1629)
2. Imre Thököly (1690)
The next statue represents:
3. Ferenc Rákóczy the II.nd, the leader of the indipendence war against the Habsburgs (1703-1711)
The last statue that you can see on the monument is a portrait of the big statesman of the XIX.century:
4. Lajos Kossuth(1802. 19th.september–1894. 20th.march)
On the left wing(if you stay in front of the monument) you find the following kings from the Árpád dynasty:
Szent István (Saint Stephen) 997(monarch)-1000(king)-1038-the very first king of Hungary, the founder of the country
Szent László (Saint Leslie) (1077-1095)-important king, famous for it`s very severe laws and for the miracles he made.
Könyves Kálmán (1095-1116)-Saint Leslie`s son, the most erudite of the kings of this dynasty (könyves means= of the books)
András (or Endre) the 2nd (1205-1235)-he gave out the famous golden bull in 1222 wich disposed of the rights of the nobiles
Béla the IVth. (1235-1270)-This king rebuilt the country after the mongolian invasion and devastation (1241-1242).
The Art hall (Műcsarnok) was built in 1896 for the Millenary Exhibition. It was the same architect, Albert Schickedanz to make the plans, who worked on the construction of the Museum of the Fine Arts. It hasn`t got an own collection, therefore it has no permanent exhibition. In exchange it offers 2500 square meters for different kinds of exhibitions and it has a pubblic artistical library as well.