The Church of Our Lady dates to the 13th Century when it started life as a parish church. Different building periods and styles came to an abrupt end with the Turkish occupation of 1541. The church became Buda's main mosque. With the return of Christianity following the successful siege of 1686, the mosque/church had been destroyed. With time, it was slowly rebuilt reaching it s final design in the late 19th century. It was here that the Hapsburg Emperors Franz Josef and Karl were crowned as Kings of Hungary, 1867 and 1916 respectively. The Church is on Szentharomsag Ter (Trinity Square) right next to the Fisherman's Bastion.
The construction of this splendid gothic-neogothic church dates back to the XIII.century. It was originally constructed in roman style. In the middle ages it was modified several times. The famous hungarian king Mátyás Hunyadi (Matthias) held 2 times his weddings in this church, wich since these historical events wears his name. After 1541, when the turks occupied the Buda castle it was transformed into a mosque. In the XVIII.century, like many other churches, also this one was transformed in baroque style. Only in the late XIX.century regained it`s original style and beauty thanks to Frigyes Schulek, who dedicated decades to study this church and to make the plans for the reconstruction, keeping every single originally medieval part..
Note: actually the curch is under renovation. This will last for several years.
This church is a definitely must see when you are in Budapest. True the area around here and the Fishermen Bastion are rather touristy but it is worth it to put up with it. And (good for us VT-ers) nobody objects if you start to take loads of pictures...
Apparently the church used to be free but nowadays you have to pay a small entrance fee to be able to enter. Once you've paid it, you're free to mingle with all other people (tourists mostly). Within the church there is also a small museum with several objects regarding the church on display. Most notably a crown.
The tall and distinctive spire of Matthias Church provides a great reference point for the castle district, as well as being a beautiful Baroque building. Its clean white lines hide a troubled past, however. During Turkish rule the church was stripped of its treasury, and its ornately frescoed walls were whitewashed, and the whole place was turned into a Mosque for the duration of Hungary's Turkish period.
The modern church, like the Fisherman's Bastion it sits next to, was mostly the result of work dating from the end of the 19th century.
Located on Castle Hill, with one of the most magnificent views in the city, the Matyas Church was originally built in 1095 as a Romanesque structure. Originally it served as the German community parish church. In the Middle Ages Hungarians were not even allowed to worship there. It is named after Matyas Corvinus (1443-1490) who was the King of Hungary. He attempted to modernize Hungary as was responsible to a new legal system for the kingdom, educational institutions and patronage of arts and sciences.
The church has been rebuilt and redesigned several times, which explains what might seem the large variety of styles. To me it seemed like an interesting mixture of styles and also a neat mixture of East and West. Remember, after all, the Matyas Church had been converted to a mosque during the Turkish occupation in the 1500's. There are stories of the Virgin appearing to Turkish worshippers while they were praying, whereupon their morale collapsed.
The most important and most cherished church in Budapest is the Matthias Church on Szentaromsag square. The square is named after the Holy Trinity Column that stands in its centre and the church itself stood on this site ever since the 13th century. During the Turkish occupation it was the High Mosque and after that it was rebuilt in a Baroque form. The inside of the church is overwhelming with Gothic arches and splendid columns. Because of its great acoustics, the church has long been an important venue for concerts.
The interiors of the Matthias church are marvellous, even if the complete renovation -wich by the way has already begun outside, with the towers and the facades- is inevitable. Every single squaremetre is beautifully ornated with figurative and non figurative adornments (for example leafs, flowers, geometric forms...ecc...). The weakest point of the church is the illumination wich will be completely changed: it`s difficult to appreciate these ornaments, because the church is quite dark and the lights are dazzling. To be noticed the beautiful banners of the 1848-49 Revolution and Independence war wich can be foung on both side of the main nave, on the pillars of the side naves.
Named for King Matthias, who was married here in the 15th century, this church originally dated back to the 13th century. Austria-Hungary's last two kings, Franz Joseph and Charles IV, were crowned here.
Most of the present church was built in the 1890s. It's an excellent example of late Baroque architecture.
Another name of this building is the church of Our Lady and Coronation church. The main church in Budapest from old times, then King Bela IV ruled the country. It must be bought a ticket to go inside this church with gothic decoration and style. The outside is gothic too, but rebuilt in the second half of 19th century.
This is called Church of our Lady and has been here since 13th century. King Mathias had his wedding here to one of his two wives. Many royalty were married and buried here. The interior has an influence of Muslim religion because they controlled this area for 300 years when the Turks invaded and took control in 1541. The Hapsburgs retook the territory in 1686, and the church was rebuilt in neo-Gothic style, but the Byzatine paintings/colors still adorn the columns. The columns and much of the other is done by them in that time.
Time are 9-5 daily, except Sunday for 1-5. Cost is 60 Huf.
The wonderful Matyas Templom today show a late Gothic style. On the facade there is the small tower of Béla IV , that you can see on the left side, with nice colour tiles. On the right of the facade there is the Matyas Tower: it is built in a gothic style with three octagonal floors and many windows all around. During the restoration in 19th century were add pinnacles and small tower. In the middle of the facede there is the nice Romanic gateway.
On the south side there is the Mary Gate. It was built in 14th century and it is the only Gothic gate with figurative ornaments which remained - although in fractions - on Hungary's present territory. In this gate is shows the moment before Mary's assumption, when the Mother of God falls asleep: in the lower area the dying Virgin is on her knees among the apostles, while the top part shows Christ welcoming the soul of his mother, represented by a baby. The are four evangelists sitting around the scene. Heads were beaten off the embossing by the Turkish, and Baroque construction works damaged it even more.
The first thing that you can see when you enter from the Mary Gate is the wide shape of the church. It has got three navates with pillars and everything is painting with works made by Bertalan Szekely at the end of 19th century.
Founded in 1015, Matthias Church is the oldest and most important religious facility in the city. The original church was destroyed by the Mongols in 1242, then was rebuilt by King Bela IV from 1250 to 1270. In the 1300s, the kings of Hungary were appointed in this church prior to taking the throne. After an earlier steeple collapsed, the modern bell tower was completed in 1470. When Buda was captured by the Turks in 1541, Sultan Suleyman converted the church to a Mosque. In 1686 the Christians finally recaptured the city and the church, only to see it partially destroyed by a great fire in 1723. The church was damaged several other times over the years including during World War II and by a bomber in 1994, but each time it has been rebuilt to greater glory.
Also one thing that makes this church very special is the fact that is was a mosque for one and a half century! I never heard something silimar before.
So, the church was founded by King Stephen in the 11th century. However, in the 16th century the Ottomans conquered half of Europe and transformend this church into a mosque. After that, the interior was renewed into Baroque style.
I suppose that more churches were transformed into mosques during the Turkish reign, but so far I have not found any other yet. Perhaps they were destroyed in the reconquering process...