The Great Synagogue of Budapest is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world (after New York); it can hold 3000 people, the complex also includes the Hungarian Jewish Museum, a graveyard, and a Holocaust Monument, a metallic weeping willow with the names of those died in the Holocaust
The temple's acoustics make it a popular venue for concerts if you would like to learn more about the synagogue take the guided tour
The seats on the groundfloor are for men, while the upper gallery has seats for women
Men have to cover their heads with a kippa. It is available to borrow
Admire the impressive building form the outside, enter the synagogue and walk around enjoying the rich decoration
After visiting the synagogue and the memorial park we visited the Jewish Museum that stands there since 1931 on a two-story house in neoclassical style.
It houses numerous religious relics and ritual objects but we were a bit tired and just checked the Holocaust room where you can see many black and white photographs with shots taken during WWII when the area was a ghetto. As expected we felt depressed after our visit.
For 2250Huf our ticket included entrance to the Great Synagogue the Jewish museum and the memorial gardens
Although Budapest still has a large jewish population I’ve read that before WWII there were more than 250,000 jews that were living here. About half of them lost their lives because of the Nazis. Dohaby street was the border of the jewish ghetto during WWII and many of them died from starvation and cold during WWII (especially on winter 1944-45).
Just next to the synagogue there is cemetery with a small sign referring to it as garden of rememberance (pic 1).
At the back side of the cemetery we visited the Raoul Wallenberg Memorial Park(The Raoul Wallenberg Emlékpark ) which is dedicated to the thousands Hungarian jewish martyrs that lost their lives from the Nazis. The main monument is a weeping willow tree (pic 2) that was made by Imre Varga in 1989, go closer and you will notice inscriptions with names on the leaves! There are also some smaller monuments, plagues with names etc
By the way Raoul Wallenberg was from Sweden but was working in Budapest during WWII and managed to save thousands of jews.
The Great Synagogue of Budapest(Nagy Zsinagóga ) is the largest in Europe! It was completed in 1859 in Moorish revival style and it’s 75meters long and 27meters wide, big enough to house 3000 seats (1492 on ground floor while the balconies can house 1472 women). It’s located in the city center of Budapest and Dohaby street was the border of the jewish ghetto during WWII.
The synagogue looks impressive from outside with 2 onion-shaped domes on the top of the towers that mark the façade along with the rose stained-glass window over the main gate. There is a metal detector for security reasons which makes you wonder why some people still put the jew on the target. Anyway, we got on the inner yeard and walked toward the main entrance. When we got inside we realized the size of this synagogue but also how beautiful it is full of brown, cream, purple and golden colored geometric shapes and impressive chandeliers. There were small groups of tourists here and there with guides giving information in every possible language. We took some pictures and got out to visit the graveyard and the memorial park.
There are lots of guided tours organized by the jewish community in many different languages but I preferred to pay only the normal entrance fee which was 2250huf for synagogue/museum/memorial gardens. Then I noticed lots of small groups inside and I could hear the information anyway!
Tour for Dohaby synagogue+memorial park costs 2650Huf, for Dohany Synagogue+Park+Jewish museum 3000Huf, for Dohaby Synagogue+Rumbach synagogue+Memorial park 3650huf
The Great Synagogue of Budapest, also known as the Dohany Street Synagogue, is the largest synagogue in Europe and one of the biggest in the world. Completed in 1859, it was built in a Moorish style and it seats close to 3,000 people. The ground floor, reserved for men, has 1,492 seats, while he balconies have room for 1,472 women. Important restoration work was conducted during the 1990s and chiefly funded by Hungrian Jewish immigrant Estée Lauder. There is a Jewish cemetery right next to the synagogue. Over 2,000 people are buried there, most of whom lived in the Jewish ghetto and died from hunger and cold during the Siege of Budapest that took place in the winter of 1944-1945. Also next to the synagogue is the Holocaust Memorial Park.The "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" takes on the form of a weeping willow with leaves bearing the names of the 600,000 Hungarian Jews killed during World War II.The memorial was partly funded by American actor Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz) , whose parents were Hungarian Jewish immigrants.Guided tours of the synagogue are available in different languages everyday except Saturdays.
The Dohany Synagogue is one of Budapest's most recognized buildings and is the largest synagogue in Europe. This is a Moorish style synagogue with a beautiful pink, purple, brown, and cream-colored interior. You can also visit the Jewish Museum, which contains many old relics (and some ancient), and the Holocaust Memorial, which remembers 600,000 Jews. It's located in what used to be the old ghetto, where some of Budapest's oldest buildings are. If you walk around the Dohany Synagogue, you can find the Rumbach Synagogue as well as some Jewish stores and Kosher restaurants. I recommend a visit here if you are interested in Budapest's Jewish history and want to see the synagogue's beautiful interior.
One of the most interesting, but sometimes overlooked sights of the Hungarian capital is the old Jewish Quarter. It was established at the turn of the 19th century when the community gathered in the 7th District along the road leading to the bridge. The center of this area became Király Street. In 1944 the Pest Ghetto was also built here crowding 70.000 people together.
In 2002 this historic neighborhood bordered by Király and Csányi Street, Klauzál Square, Kisdiófa and Dohány Street and Károly Boulevard was named the old Jewish Quarter of Pest and entered into the World Heritage Conservation Zone.
This area is home to most of the city's Jewish cultural heritage sites, including the famous „Synagogue Triangle.”
At Dohány Street 2. you will find the world's second largest and Europe's largest synagogue, the Dohány Street Synagogue. The site of this building is also the birthplace of Theodor Herzl, Father of Zionism. In the garden is the Martyrs' Cemetery and the Raoul Wallenberg Memorial.
The second point of the Triangle is the synagogue on Rumbach Street, also known as „the little synagogue.”
The third point the Kazinczy Street Orthodox Synagogue. This area is home to kosher shops and Budapest's only mikveh (ritual bath).
This historic district, as a part of the city's rehabilitation strategy, started to to look towards youth culture and tourism in recent years: from 2002 some now very popular cafes, bars and summer music venues opened in buildings that were earlier considered for demolition: the Szimpla-garden, the Gozsdu Courtyard, or the Kőleves (Stone Soup) -garden to name a few. Since then the area, especially Kazinczy Street is not only known for its rich cultural heritage, but for it's unique "ruin pubs," art and design shops and nightlife.
We visited the Synagogue on Dohany Street in November 2007. The synagogue is the largest one in Europe and the fifth largest in the world. It has room for 3000 seats which reveal how big the Jewish community was in Hungary before WW2 and before the Nazi destruction of the Jewish communites in Europe.
Budapests Synagogue is one of the most amazing once in the world and the largest in Europe. It was built in Romantic style and inaugurated in 1859 according to plans of Ludwig Foerster, in the days before the WWII about 250,000 jews lived in Budapest. It looks amazing both from outside as it was the first in Hungar to incorporate towers and in the Iinterio you can notice its rich walls, gallries, ceiling and of course the Holy Ark that stands in the eastern part of the synagogue, at the direction to Jerusalem.
In the courtyard there is a monuent to the jews the died in the Holocaust, it was built in 1991.
Today you can find the building in the central Dohany street, (that by the way means smoking in Hungarian...) a place with many cafes and tourists .
Budapest once had a thriving Jewish population, one of the biggest in the world. The Holocaust took its toll, and as many as 40% of the quarter of a million Jews in the city lost their lives to the Nazis or Hungarian Arrow Cross. Today Budapest, in spite of everything, is still home to one of the largest Jewish populations in Europe.
The biggest Jewish population in Europe is served by the biggest synagogue in Europe. With the capacity to host 3,000 prayers, it is even, according to the New York Times, the second biggest in the world. It was built in 1859 in the style of Moorish synagogues in North Africa and Spain and has survived bombings by the Arrow Cross Party (deliberate) and Allies (accidental) to become of one Budapest's most impressive sights.
Entry to the synagogue can be quite complicated. First there is a metal detector, a tragic reminder that even today Jews have been targeted by bombs in Budapest. Secondly you have a choice of tours that is not all that clearly marked.
Basically it goes like this:
* If you want a guided tour, buy a ticket from the kiosk outside the metal guard rails, then follow the instructions you are given.
* If you don't want a guided tour, then enter directly through the metal detector, and buy a ticket from the kiosk on the right of the synagogue before entering. You'll be directed here if you forget and try to enter without paying.
* If you don't want to spend any money, you can just walk through the metal detector and wander the grounds of the synagogue for free.
Note: After writing this tip I moved into an apartment overlooking the Synagogue!
The Dohany Street Synagogue is the second-largest synagogue in the world (after Temple Emanu-El in New York City). Seating three thousand people, the synagogue was built about one hundred and fifty years ago, with elements of both Romantic and Moorish architecture. Theodore Herzl was born in a house next to this synagogue, and today the land that once held his house now holds the Jewish Museum. There are other significant exterior structures such as the Raoul Wallenberg Holocaust Memorial Park and the Jewish Cemetery. Inside, there is a five-thousand pipe organ and frescoes painted by Frigyes Feszl. Interestingly, in the 1990s the synagogue underwent a major restoration- funded mainly by Estee Lauder herself! Think about that next time you're spraying on that Youth Dew!
The Great Synagogue, also known as Dohány Street Synagogue (Hungarian: Dohány utcai zsinagóga/nagy zsinagóga, Hebrew: בית הכנסת הגדול של בודפשט bet hakneset hagadol šel budapešt) or Tabakgasse Synagogue, is located in Erzsébetváros, the 7th district of Budapest. It is the largest synagogue in Eurasia and the second largest in the world
The Dohany Street Synagogue is the second biggest synagogue in the world and the biggest in Europe. It was built between 1854 and 1859 in a Moorish style reminiscent to the Alhambra in Spain and to other North African mosques. Inside it is very beautiful with a Moorish style gallery and ceiling with exceptionally pretty chandeliers hanging from them. There are two floors to the synagogue, the first for the men and the second for women.
In the side courtyard is a cemetery for the many victims of the Holocaust. The Dohany Street Synagogue was part of the Jewish Ghetto during WW2 and over 2000 Jews that died in the ghetto from starvation and cold are buried here.
In the rear courtyard is the Raoul Wallenberg Memory Park where the Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs is located. It is a Memorial which is dedicated to the 400,000 Hungarian Jews murdered by the Nazis and resembles a weeping willow tree whose leaves bear inscriptions with the names of victims. The synagogue is within walking distance from Deak Ferenc Ter, about 5 minutes. This place along with the Shoes on the Danube are very sombre experiences which brought me close to tears.
Entrance fee is 2000HUF. Guided tours are extra and there are three to choose from:
Dohany Synagogue and Memorial Park-400HUF
Dohany Synagogue, Memorial Park and Jewish Museum-750HUF
Dohany Synagogue, Memorial Park, Jewish Museum and Rumbach Synagogue-1400HUF
500HUF extra for picture taking.
Hours of operation are:
Monday to Thursday and Sunday-10am to 530pm
Friday-10am to 330pm
Closed on Saturdays and holidays.
Friday and Saturday are open for services but you must be Jewish.
Just an FYI. Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest during WW2. He saved tens of thousands of lives by issuing protective passports and housing Jews in buildings established as Swedish territory. Many memorials around the world are dedicated in his honour along with Israel's dedication as one of the Righteous Among the Nations. He is also an honorary citizen of Hungary, Israel, the US and Canada.
This is the world's second biggest synagogue today. Moorish style, designed by German architect, Ludwig Forster. Opened on 6 Sept 1859.
There are guided tours in Hebrew and English, and can also be booked in season in French, German, Italian, Spanish and Russian. In addition to providing information about the synagogue, they also include much about the Hungarian history, which is a must for understanding the area.
Opening hours: 1Nov - 31Mar 10am to 3 pm, Fridays and Sundays til 2pm; 1Apr - 31Oct 10am to 5pm, Fridays til 3pm and Sundays til 6pm.
The synagogue and cashier close half an hour prior to to those times and is closed holidays and festivals. Groups of a minimum of 10 persons receive a discount.
I first read about the Jewish Synagogue in Budapest while I was reading the National Geographic. It was an article on endangered sites around the world. Apparently, a lot of the old Jewish establishments around the Synagogue are being demolished since developers wanted to commercialize the area.
True enough, when I visited the Synagogue in 2007, there was a huge bulldozer at the back (destroying some apartment), while I was at the famous metal “tree of life” which had the names of some Holocaust victims.
The Great Synagogue in Dohány Street, also known as the Dohány Synagogue, or the Tabac-Schul, the Yiddish translation of dohány (tobacco), is the second largest synagogue in the world! It was finished in 1859 and can accommodate 3000 people.
The area of the Synagogue is known as the inner part of the seventh district of Budapest, considered a Jewish ghetto during the Second World War when a wall was built around this area. It was time of oppression and Jews could only leave the ghetto with permission.
Years later, the Synagogue still stands and used by an active Jewish community in Budapest. And I think its great that they are allowing tourists to enter their place of worship. They have even built a Jewish Museum in Synagogue itself, where I saw some old expensive looking menorahs.
There are other synagogues in this area of Budapest, and you will also find some kosher restaurants and shops, a rabbi training school. Hopefully, commercialization will not ruin the character of this historical Jewish community.