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Central Pest: Vajdahunyad Castle
It looks like something from a Dracula movie, and that's because it is largely a copy of the Vajdahunyad Castle in Transylvania. It's not actually a castle at all, but a mock castle built in millennial exhibition in 1896, originally in wood and cardboard. It proved such a hit that it was rebuilt permanently. It's an impressive looking building, and looks completely out of place in the center of a modern city's main park, but that otherworldliness adds to its attraction.
Within the castle complex you can find a faux-medieval church and the Agricultural Museum, which didn't exactly fill me with excitement. Still, better than Munich's potato museum...
Vajdahunyad Castle is not a castle but a fascinating building located in Varosliget, the City Park. Today it hosts the Hungarian Agricultural Museum.
How it came into existence is quite interesting: originally it was built in timber and... cardboard! It was only meant to be temporarily there - for the 1896 World Exhibition to mark the 1000th anniversary of the arrival of the Magyars in the Carpathian Basin. The building was divided into sections, and each section was a small-scale reproduction of Hungarian traditional buildings.
People liked this strange building immediately, so the timber and carboard palace was taken down, and replaced by an identical one - this time in the more solid brick and stone.
- Castles and Palaces
- Museum Visits
This early twentieth century Budapest castle is a unique blending of many different architectural styles. Situated in City Park, Vajdahunyad Castle, Budapestwhich at 1 square km is the largest park in Budapest, Vajdahunyad Castle began its life as a structure made of wood and cardboard. It was built for the city’s millennium exhibition in 1896 and was a huge hit with both the locals and those visiting Budapest. The castle, actually an enclave of buildings rather than just one structure, was designed by architect Ignác Alpár and is said to be modeled from a castle of the same name in Transylvania, Romania. Because the castle became so popular with residents, the city decided to make it a more permanent structure. Ják Chapel, Vajdahunyad Castle, BudapestTherefore, in 1904, reconstruction of Vajdahunyad Castle began, using brick and stone and following Alpar’s original plans with just a few small changes. What makes this castle so unusual is its combination of architectural styles. If you’re visiting Vajdahunyad, a glance from one side may determine that the structure is Gothic. A walk around the castle may give one the impression that this is a Baroque building. Indeed, it’s a combination of Gothic, Renaissance/Baroque, and Romanesque, built that way, according to some, to show the world all the architectural Vajdahunyad Castle, Budapeststyles that can be found in Budapest. Several years after the millennium exhibition ended and all the artifacts were returned to their rightful owners, the Hungarian Royal Agriculture Museum opened inside the walls of the castle.
Behind the Heroes' square, you can find a fairytale-like castle. Vajdahunyad Castle is not a real castle, despite of its name. The castle was built to show the development of architecture in Hungary. The complex of buildings reflects different architectureal styles that can be found in Hungary, among them Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, etc. Though built in different styles, the buildings match together like the pieces of a puzzle and make up a cohesive unified architectural form.
Vajdahunyad vara (castle) in Varosliget
You have to visit the beautiful and historical Vajdahunyad vara (castle) in Varosliget. Actually Hungary has two of these castles. One is in (Erdely) Transylvania. Now Romania. The castle is currently an agricultural museum and the entire complex is made up of twenty-one buildings.
- Castles and Palaces
The artificial lake around the castle
In the city park you can find 3 lakes. One of them is around the Vajdahunyad castle. You can hire here boats to go around the castle and see the numerous duck families who considere this lake their home since generations. On the other side of the lake, there are banks and camping chairs from wich you can enjoy the fantastic view of all the castle and it`s towers. This is a very quiet place, ideal for families and for couples to spend some hour in.
Looks old ...
... but isn't! The Castle ist just a little bit older than 100 years (= not old in European terms).
The castle was originally built of timber and cardboard for the World Exhibition organized in 1896 to mark the thousandth anniversary of the arrival of the Magyars in the Carpathian Basin. Its aim was to give the visitor an insight into Hungary's architectural past. Every section of the edifice is different, featuring a small-scale reproduction of various buildings in the country representing different historical and architectural styles. The castle is a true representation of a thousand years of Hungarian architecture in one single monument, and was such a success at the exhibition that it had to be rebuilt later in brick and stone. Today Vajdahunyad Castle is the home of the Hungarian Agricultural Museum.
This group of buildings was prepared for the Millennium exhibition of 1896. Its designer Alpár Ignác took components from the country's most beautiful buildings and constructed the whole out of these units.
Este grupo de edificios fue preparado para la exhibición del Milenio de 1896. Su diseñador, Alpár Ignác tomó componentes de los edificios más bellos del país y construyó todo como una unidad.
- Castles and Palaces
A Disney castle
Quite deceiving, this is in fact the remaining of a world exhibition organized in 1896. This is exactly the same idea as the Eifel tower in Paris, the Atomium in Brussels or the Palace of fine arts in SF.
This is just a "Disney" castle : different copies of existing building in the area have been put together.
Originally, it was supposed to be only a temporary building (built in wood) but since then it has been rebuilt with real briccks and stones...
If you are in the mood, you can also find in the area
- the city park (the other alternative for green space would be Margaret Island)
- the zoo
- Gundel, one of the most famous (and expensive?) restaurant in Budapest
- The Sz?chenyi baths
Children may like the place but I was about to classify it under tourist trap...
- Theme Park Trips
- Castles and Palaces
Vajdahunyad Castle probably the most fascinating edifice in the City Park. The castle was originally built of timber and cardboard for the World Exhibition organized in 1896 to mark the thousandth anniversary of the arrival of the Magyars in the Carpathian Basin. Its aim was to give the visitor an insight into Hungary's architectural past. Every section of the edifice is different, featuring a small-scale reproduction of various buildings in the country representing different historical and architectural styles. The castle is a true representation of a thousand years of Hungarian architecture in one single monument, and was such a success at the exhibition that it had to be rebuilt later in brick and stone. Today Vajdahunyad Castle is the home of the Hungarian Agricultural Museum.
City Park Part Three
An imposing 36-metre high column which supports the winged figure of the Archangel Gabriel is encircled on its pedestal by statues of the seven conquering Magyar tribal chiefs on horseback.
Behind, are two semi-circular colonnades housing the statues of the most famous rules in Hungarian history.
The City Park
The City Park the largest park on the Pest side. Zoo Boulevard is the Zoo with the Municipal Circus next to it further down is the Amusement Park and on the opposite side are the Szechenyi Baths. Behind that is the artificial lake, it becomes an artificial skating rink in winter.
Small Island in the lake you find an interesting group of buildings, Vajdahunyad Castle.
The Jáki chapel,a gothic detail & the Alpár statue
On the first pic and on the last 1, you see an image of a chapel. he Jáki chapel isn`t a copy itself, but the ornaments of the main gate were "borrowed" from a very antique (XIII.century) church, located in a town called Ják in Western Hungary, maybe the most important representative of the romanic style in Hungary, (see these pages: Ják, church I , and Ják church II).
This cute church is very popular for weddings.
Just before entering the castle, we find the sculpture of the architect of the Vajdahunyad Castle, Ignác Alpár (1855 - 1928).
On the 3.rd picture you see a detail (rosetta) of the gothic wing.
- Historical Travel
The Court of the Castle
In the court you can see the tower of Segesvár, the different architectonical styles, the Jáki chapel, the Anonymus statue. After leaving the baroque wing, on the opposite side of the complex, you can see other very nice facades, wich the biggest part of the tourists don`t even visit-I don`t really understand why (see pic N.5., or the 2 last photos of the previous tip). After living the building you will see the immense city park and it`s really adviceable taking a turn in this green paradise.
- Arts and Culture
- Historical Travel
Castle of Vajdahunyad
One of the most interesting fixtures in City Park is the Castle of Vajdahunyad. Built in 1896.This unique building with multiple courtyards combines Roman, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque palaces, castles, towers, churches and parapets.
On weekends with nice weather, the courtyards are crowded with tourists. (Admission to the courtyards is free.)
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