Auer Lipot (7 June 1845 – 15 July 1930) was a renown Hungarian violinist, teacher, conductor and composer who was born in Veszprém. As a soloist and conductor he performed with great success all over Europe winning the honourable friendship of significant musical contemporaries. Tchakovsky and Glazunov dedicated their violin concertos to him.
Standing next to the statues of King St. Stephen and Blessed Gizella one can admire the view and in particular Szent Benedek-hegy (St Benedict Hill) and its cross. Stone and bronze age remains and burial objects from the period of the Hungarian Conquest have been excavated on the rock, and even later Turkish troops stationed here used the hill as a cemetery in the 16-17th centuries. The Cross was erected in 1904 and renovated in 2005.
The Holy Trinity Statue was erected by Bishop Márton Padányi Bíró in 1750. The bishop’s own family coat of arms and his patron saint, St Martin is among the saints depicted along with St. Stephen, St. Emericus, St. George and Mary Magdalene. The statue was sculptured by Ferenc Schmidt.
The Heroes' Gate and Museum were built on the site of the old castle gate in 1936 to in memory of the victims of World War I. The gate is of a Neo-Romanesque style whilst the small museum above the gateway chronicles the history of the castle quarter.
Museum Opening hours.
May to October:
Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00 am to 6:00 pm
The Fire Tower or Watchtower stands 48 metres high and remains from the 13th century castle although the tower has since been extended in height and fortified. The old Fire Station was built next door in 1814, whilst every hour the clock on the tower plays music composed by the Veszprém composer Antal Csermák.
March to October: 10:00 am to 6:00 pm
The Town Hall was originally built in 1857 to house an ecclesiastical bank but since 1990 it has been used as the administration centre of the town. The building is also the scene for wedding ceremonies as well as serving as a venue for exhibitions and performances.
Monday to Friday: 8:00 am to 4:00 pm
St. Michael’s Cathedral, located in the castle, is the first and oldest cathedral in Hungary and was originally mentioned in the Pannonhalma Charter (1001). The cathedral was destroyed by fire several times and the early 18th century saw the restoration of the original Romanesque red-white stone church in a Gothic style. Later re-building saw the cathedral revert to its Romanesque style.
May to October: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm
The Veszprém Tourist Office is an excellent source for attractions, programs, festivals and leisure activities. The Tourist Office also offers information on the monuments and sights of Veszprém and the surrounding area, Brochures, leaflets, maps, information about providing guides as well as selling maps, postcards, CDs, videos, guide books and tickets for local events. The office also has Internet access through WIFI and a touch screen infopoint.
--> but...(there is allways a but)..unfortunatley it was not allowed taking photos of the internals, wich are simply fantastic!!!
We took only this 2 pictures, when the guide (a very sympathic old lady) told me very politely to put the camera away).
The admittance fee was 800 HUF (3,20 EUR)/person but it was absolutely worth it! After climbing the stairs you see a very beautiful room with ceilings from one of the biggest masters of the hungarian baroque era, Johan Cymbal(he was austrian, but he had several works in Hungary). Of course not all the rooms can be visited, but the furnitures are amazing! Some of them were donated by queen Elisabeth, Sissy and they are unique-you can see them only here. Furthermore the Palace has a very important room: all the murals are covered with graven wood, and inside it there are dozens of beautiful original copper engravings from the XVIII. century!
Don`t miss to admire the huge doors wich are also originals.
In another room you find dozens of paintings representing the former archbishops from the XVIII.century. Very spectacular!
The lady found us so sympatic that she showed us the fantastic chapel of the Palace with frescos and ceilings of the same Johan Cymbal, wich is absolutely not for tourists! Only the archbishop and she can go inside!
The visit here was the best experience of my visit to Veszprém!
The first Hungarian king, St. Stephen, and his wife, Gizella, founded the first bishopric of the country here in Veszprém. This little chapel wears Gizella`s name, altough it was built only in the 1200`s, almost 160 years after Gizella`s death. Unfortunately for a tourist is absolutely prohibited making photos, so I can show you only a link of the internals:
The chapel inside
In the chapel you see an early gothic internal with two apostles painted in the 1200`s. Maybe there were other paintings but nowdays we can see only these 2. The walls were completely overpainted in 1772 and six more apostles were added.
Finally in 1937-38 the wall was restored and the later additions were removed so we can see the original two figures.
The admission fee is 300 HUF for adults (1,2 EUR) and 200 for children (0,8 EUR), just like at the Fire tower.
Once you arrived to the valley you will see the Séd creek and to a very beautiful park. Get around the castle cliff (the Cross will be right above you) and you will shortly see a meadow wich offers another good photo taking chance. Some more steps the margaret ruins. This monastery dates back to the XIII. century.
Saint Margareth founded it in 1240 who was one of Béla the IV`s 2 daughters (both became saints). It went in ruins in the turkish period-as you can see in these tips, the turkish times were the sadest period in the history of VeszprÉm and all Hungary.
In the nearby there is the Museum of the Architecture in a caracteristical house.
It`s the little Vár (vár=castle in hungarian) street that brings you up to the Castle. As you can notice, it`s not the gothic or othe medieval styles to caracterize the architecture of the castle. It`s not at all a surprise. Although the Veszprém castle resisted to the mongolian army, in the turkish era from 1552 to 1686 it was occupied by the turks and than liberated 10 times with the almost "obbligatory" senseless devastation. Than also Leopold, the habsburg emperor most hated by the hungarians (and vice versa) burned up the castle in 1708. Only in the baroque era began the reconstruction and the construction of the new palace, but fortunatley some very old and precious parts remained intact or almost intact even after these 2 sad centuries.
The Main gate of the castle is not original: it was built in 1936 to commemorate the casualities of the first WW. Near the gate you can see other examples of the incorporation of the wall in the later built houses.
The charming baroque building on pic N.3 was the bilding of the fire department in the 1800`s.
Altough on the main pic you can see the year 1833, in reality this church was built between 1828 and 1836. Even if the bell tower has 2 levels, this is the lowest of the 3 churches in the Castle district. Inside you can see a very nice typical classical altar wich represents Saint Imre, St. Stephen`s, the first hungarian king`s son, while on the simple side altars you can see piarist saints.
The church can be visited free of charge but naturally every donation is wellcome.
This is Hungary`s most ancient Cathedral-on it`s place even in the X. century, when Christianity wasn`t still the most important religion, there was a church. The Cathedral was founded around 1000 A.C. by Gizella, Saint Stepghen`s wife. On the inestimably precious first royal mantle wich you can see in the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest, there is a design representing the original romanesque cathedral. In 1380 this chathedral burned up and in 20 years it was reconstructed in gothic style. After the turkish devastations in the 1700`s began the new reconstruction and transformation in baroque style. In 1907 regained it`s original romanesque shape on plans of the architect, Sándor Aigner. The cathedral is currently under renovation as You can see on the images.
-->...the main square. The building on the left is the City hall, while the one on the right with the baroque ornaments on the facade is again the Pósa house. Do you see that one covered on the second pic? Since 2003 I see that building in the same shape: since 4 years nobody continues the reconstruction. I would be very curious of what`s going on, but not even this time I managed to recieve some infos:) Probably there is some kind of a action at law or something. Well I hope that next year it will be finally restored. (I say it every single year>;-) ).
On the third pic you can see a cute little yard in the castle with the walls.