Alþingi - Parliament Building, Reykjavík
The Parliament building was built in 1881 and the architect was the Danish F. Meldahl. The building was made out of dolerite which was found in Skólavörðuholt a little below where Hallgrímskirkja church stands now. This building is of course preserved now.
The first Parliament in the world was established in Iceland in 930 AD at Þingvellir, see my Þingvellir page for more information. Alþingi gathered first in The Parliament building the 1st of July 1881 and the Icelandic government and administration has been here ever since.
You will notice the crown and symbol of the Danish King Christian IX (green in colour) at the Parliament building. We belonged to Denmark until we won Home rule in 1904 and got independence from the Danish rule in 1944.
Other institutions were in The Parliament building as well, The National Archives, The National museum from 1881-1899, The National Library and The University of Iceland (from its establishment in 1911-1940) were located here before they got their own buildings. The President of Iceland had his office here as well until 1973.
The first inside WC in Reykjavík was at The Parliament building.
The garden behind the Parliament is called either Alþingisgarðurinn or Tryggvagarður and is a lovely garden where one of the congressmen, Tryggvi Gunnarsson, is buried and the garden is named after him. Tryggvi Gunnarsson is the only person, who is buried in this garden. He was a great entrepreneur and a banker. This garden dates back to 1893 and is open to public.
Check out the website I have added, it is the official website of the Icelandic Government in English.
There was a big protest outside the Parliament building in October 2010. I have added a video on the protest plus photos in a travelogue here.
The inauguration of this building from 1881 was a big step towards independence in 1944. The Icelandic parliament building is build from dark volcanic stone and stands in the tradition of the Thingvellir parliament which is considered to be the world's first parliament. The Icelandic easy-going can be felt here – you can walk in the gardens of the parliament building and get close to the plenum which is unimaginable in most other countries. Oh, and one other fun fact: The first Icelandic WC was installed here when the building was opened.
Built in 1881 to accommodate the Icelandic Althingi, which since its foundation in 930 A.D. had resided at Thingvellir National Park. Today it still acommodates the Alpingi and is open to the public during meeting meetins allowing people to oberse the conduct of their representatives.
The head of Government in Iceland is located in a small building in the middle of the city in an ornate little square. The most impressive thing about the paralement was that is was open for anyone to walk in with no guards just a secretary with a simle.
Built in 1881, the Iceland Parliament Building (Althingi) is the inheritant of the world's oldest parliament, established in Iceland in 980 AD. This modest building is located at the city's main square, Austurvöllur.
The Althingi was the world's first parliament and was originally established at Thingvellir), but it was moved to this location in 1881. The front of the building was going through some renovations when I visited in April of 2007, but and you can attend sessions when Parliament is sitting if you're interested (I wasn't). Check out their website for more information.
One of the impressions you get in Iceland is how incredibly small in terms of human occupation this place is. The Alpingi is much smaller than most the town halls of Europe. The building has no visible security.
On the South side of Austurvöllur, this building has housed the Icelandic Parliament (Alþing). The Alþing is the oldest parliament in the world, founded in 930 at Þingvellir (a few miles outside Reykjavík). The Alþing moved to this current location in 1881.
Meetings are open to the public, check locally for times.