Located apart from the other two temples, the Temple of Ceres is also incorrectly named, as scholars have found it was actually built in honor of Athena. It was built around 500 bc and is six columns by fourteen columns.
The oldest of the temples that stand today at Paestum, the Temple of Hera feels much more subdued and restrained than its neighbour, the Temple of Neptune. At eighteen columns by nine columns, it is shorter and stouter than the other temples on the site. Here is the goddess of love and marriage, and it is believed that when the roof of the temple was remodelled the renovation was dedicated to Juno, the goddess of time.
Six columns by fourteen columns, The Temple of Neptune is the best-preserved temple at the site. Today it is a dull red color, but in its heyday it was pure white with bands of red, black and blue. Scholars have been unable to conclude exactly which god was worshipped here, the name suggests Neptune/Poseidon but others believe the style is similar to other temples in which Apollo was worshipped.
The ancient walls surrounding Paestum run for more than four and a half kilometers. Originally, twenty-eight towers stood along the walls, but few remain today (there is one at the southwest corner where you can actually ascend the wall and walk along it to the tower).
This is the house with the marble impluvium (rain basin), on porta marina road. Here you can admire one of most spacious homes of the roman Paestum. This home even had a big pool. Excavation has shown that the house was divided in two and the pool was filled in and replaced with a peristyle of brick columns faced with stucco, which have been restored and give a good idea of the portico occupying the space of the former pool.
Near the ruins of Paestum lies a buffalo farm. You can smell it the buffaloes from the ruins, but I didn’t find it annoying.
Along the driveway to the farm, there are fields of olives and fields where the buffaloes try to find shade. On the farm you can buy different kind of buffalo cheese and other farm products. You can also buy coffee and homemade cake to enjoy in the garden.
Paestum was the only center where the vase painters sometimes signed their wares with the exception of the apulian decorator lasimos. The signature is often painted, and sometimes it is scratched onto the surface of the vase. That is why they Know the name of 2 craftsmen: Assteas and Python
The temple of Hera called the basilica because those who first described the site thought it was not a place of worship, but a civil building ,It is the oldest temple. It was built shortly after the middle of the 6 th century BC.
This is the main entrence to The Amphitheater.The Amphitheater is cut in half , the western half ,now national property, has been excavated and may be visited . The eastern half lies partly under the modern road and partly under privatly -owned land. The construction was carried out in 2 phases .1st phases was squared-off limestone blocks forming a monument of modest size in the 1st century BC . The Brick pillares erected outside to enlarge the building belong to the seconde phase 1 st century AD
This area has been traditionally considered to be a Gymnasium .because the pool and surrounding structures were thought to have been designed for Gymnastic competitions. In fact this is a sanctuary for worship of the female goddess of fertility
The Ekklesiasterion was unearted 20 years ago.This is where all the adult male citizens,those entitled to participate in political life got togeather.(ekklesia) means assembly. The ekklesiasterion is 35 m by 9m . and could contain 1500 people. This monument was constructed in about 480 bc
Thanks for visting my Paestum page
This is a Shrine not a Tomb and 3 of it's 4 sides are underground The one that is not has no access to it . The excavators who climbed down into the interior through the roof found eight bronze vases containing honey, an Attic black-figured vase from the end of the 11th century bc,and 5 iron spears arrayed on 2 adjacent blocks to form a table-like structure . It is almost certain that this is a monument erected in honar of a person elevated to hero -status after Death
The temple of Neptune can be assingned to the 5 th century bc and is one of the Most perfect examples of doric Architecture in the west . it measures 23.30 m x 59.90m and has 6 columns on the front and 14 along the side wall
The National Museum of Paestum contains many graves and wall parts from the excavations around the temples.
The town wall with its 4 gates is 4750 m long. It was built by the Greeks and later fortified by Lucanians and Romans.
Many Lucanian graves were found close by the city (the necropoles always lay outside the walls). These graves formed "small houses". Walls and roofs used to be decorated with skilful frescos. The most famous of these graves is the grave of the "Tuffatore" (diver) , which still comes from the Greek (about 480 B.C.). The scene represented on the roof slab symbolizes an almost harmonious transition from life to death. These and further finds also of the older Heraion, at the Sele delta are shown in the national museum at the excavation grounds
The 3 Grecian temples at Paestum are very well preserved. It seems that not many tourists have discovered this little gem, so you will have a lovely quiet visit.
The temples of Athena, Hera and Poseidon are reminiscent of the famous Parthenon. You cannot go into them, or really even too close to them, but they are magnificent nontheless.