Villas and Houses, Pompeii
When we came to this home, I pictured it belonging to a family who enjoyed the finer things in life. I think it would have provided a comfortable life style in 79 AD!
Homes of the rich and influential contained pools, skylights, gorgeous artwork, mosaics, multiple bedrooms, gardens, solariums, atriums, peristyles, tricliniums and other amenities.
The picture above shows a dwelling that has a triclinium or dining room located in the area of the rounded arch. (See pic #2 for a close up view). Some homes had summer tricliniums, meant for enjoying warm, balmy weather outside the main living area.
Here are the names of just a few of the homes discovered in Pompeii:
The House of the Tragic Poet
The House of Pansa
The House of Sallust
The House of the Surgeon
The Villa of Diomedes
The Villa of the Mysteries
The House of the Faun
We use some of the following terms in architectural design today, such as solarium and atrium.
*solarium-a sun parlor
*atrium-a skylit rectangular court
*peristyle-open colonade surrounding a court
*triclinium-a Roman dining room containing platforms or ledges for reclining
Thermopolia were shops where hot food and drinks were sold. This is the lararium, decorated with a fresco representing the Genius, the Lares (house protectors), Mercury and Bacus, gods of Trade and Wine, respectively.
In these ancient fast food shops, the bar was on the street and there were some tubs built-in that contained the food or the drink.
Favorite thing: Lupa means female-wolf but also prostitute. This was the best organized brothel in Pompeii, and the only one that was build specifically for this purpose. Beds are stonework and had a mattress on. The lupanar was decorated with erotic paintings.
Favorite thing: It is a small house with atrium. It takes its name from a mosaic that represents the theatric assay of a chorus of Satyrs. In the entrance was the famous mosaic of a chained dog with the inscription CAVE CANEM, beware of the dog.
According to the typical scheme of the roman villa with atrium, the house is built around the axe hall-atrium-tablino. This way, the guest can perceive immediately the status of the owner. Most of the rooms are connected to the atrium.
In the garden, frescoes sumptuously decorate the walls of the peristyle. The fountain (nympheum) is covered with mosaics and ornamented with sculptures.
A painting inside the House of the Ceii... These old paintings amazed me...they are almost 2000 years old and still look great!
I really wish I had taken a few more photos of the paintings...maybe next time we visit... ;)
I like to walk around the villas of Pompei that have been recently uncovered.
There is so much we have to learn about the way people lived back in 47AD and try to understand their way of life.
Fondest memory: The people of Pompei were very smart and showed that a good social structure works in a larg city of that time.
Favorite thing: To those of you who know me its no suprise that I have included a picture of this particular Roman God.... one lady in our party said it was disgusting, but its an ancient relic so must be preserved. This statue was in the home of a wealthy merchant
Fondest memory: There are houses, big and small, in the Ruins of Pompei. This can show you how the wealthy families lived and how the poor families lived. Some big houses can courtyards, some even swimming pools. These ancient houses make up a large part of the excavation of ancient Pompei.
Many of the houses or casas can be explored in Pompei -like this one the Casa della Venere in Conchigia - which translates as the house of Venus in the Shell. It had lovely gardens in its courtyard.
It can be found not far from the large ampitheatre at the far end from Marina Porta.
The Villa of the Mysteries is just that. At one time ancient rites of passage were supposedly performed here, as the Dionysian cult is said to have been operating at full swing in Pompei during ancient times.
Many of the artifacts from within are now on display in the museum in Naples. Of note are the elaborate murals throughout.
Named simply for the little statue found inside, the House of the Faun is one of the largest Villas, and certainly one of the most extravagant. Villas in Pompei were basically constructed with the same type of features. Just like we have kitchens, bathrooms, bedrooms, living rooms, back yard, and if your wealthy, servant quarters.
Pompei villas has other features, which we no longer need in our homes today. These include areas to collect rain water and portions used as a shop, or store for selling wares to the public.
I would be sure to show others the colors in the murals in many of the houses--bright red, gold, black...they are beautiful.
Fondest memory: Just seeing this type of detail in the houses. It's beautiful and must have taken ages to paint.
(I applied some color to a section of this photo because of the shine from my flash on that area---felt like I was doing something illegal!!)
Favorite thing: It was the only big bakery found in Pompeii for a long time. By now, 35 have been found. The facilities for grinding wheat, kneading and baking bread were in the hortus (garden).
Favorite thing: This is the inside of one of the many homes in Pompei... A lot of the homes seem to be quite extravagent for their day...