Villas and houses, Pompeii
Close to the Casa di Caio Giulio Polibio there is the Fullonica di Fabio Ululirtemulo. It has got two wonderful paintings showing Roman legends: on the right yuo can see Aeneas, Anchises and Ascanius; on the left there is Romulus with the trophy of weapons of the defeated king Acron.
The Casa della Statuetta Indiana (in English, House of the Indian figurine), located in Via dell'Abbondanza, gave its name to the little Indian figurine discovered in 1930 (nowdays in the National Museum in Naples). It will be probably a present for the many banquets of the town. It is an important testimony of the commercial relationships that already existed in the first century D.C. among the countries of the western Mediterranean and the East.
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The Casa del Sacerdos Amandus (in English, Sacerdus Amandus' House) is located along Via dell'Abbondanza close to the Casa di Paquio Proculo. In the atrium there are some good example of paintings made in the third style showing Perseus and Andromeda, Icarus and Hercules. In the peristyle you can see the root of the only great tree that shaded it.
Near the Casa del Menandro you can see the Casa dei Cubicoli Floreali (in English, House of the Floral Cubicles) (Regio I) shows one of the best example of painting of garden in Pompeii. You can see the paintings in two cubicles: in the walls there are thin columns with a thin lintels and a balauster in the low part of the fresco. Among them you can see trees, bushes, plants, birds and a snake.
Walking along Via dell'Abbondanza between the Forum and the Stabian Bath you can see on the right the Casa del Gallo (in English, Rooster's House). It was built in the second century B.C. on on a ancient Samnite house. This house gave its name thanks to the great fresco in the peristyle, now very faded, showing roosters and hens.
Villa Imperiale (in English, Imperial House) is located between the Suburban Bath and Porta Marina. The house was built between 27 B.C. and 14 A.D. and it was very big and luxurious. It was very damaged from the 62 earthquake and it was under demolition in the years that preceded the eruption. Today you can see part of the rooms of the Triclinium and the portico.
The Arco Onorario di Caligola (in English, Honorary arc of Caligula) is located at the beginning of Via Mercurio. It is so called because close to it was found an equestrian statue representing the emperor Caligula. It that was probably situated on the arc.
The Casa di Meleagro (in English, Meleager's house) (Via Mercurio, Regio VI) is a noble residence of the Samnite period with beautiful examples of painting of the fourth period. The peristyle has got nice Hellenistic columns.
The Casa della Colonna Dorica (in English, House of the Doric column) gives its name to the Doric column of the peristyle. You can see it along Via della Fortuna close to the Casa del Fauno
The Casa del Farmacista (in English, the chemist's house) (Regio VII) was a big house which was destroyed during the earthquake in 62. At the time of the eruption it was in demolition. On the walls you can see part of the frescos while on the floor there are parts of mosaics.
Villa di Diomede is suburban villa located at the end of Via dei Sepolcri (in English, necropolis street). This villa was owned by Marco Arrio Diomede and it is one of the biggest suburban villa but it lost its original decorations. From the street you can see the peristyle with some rooms all around it; the house has got the biggest garden of the town with a pool and a fountains. In this house archaeologists discovered 18 people in 1771.
This house was own by the banker Lucio Cecilio Giocondo and has got an interesting perisitilio with in the middle an edicola (little temple) covered with marble. In some rooms you can see the ruins of the frescos with geometrical subjects.
At the beginning of Via Vesuvio you can find on your right the house of Vesonio Primo (regio VI). As you can see from the photos the facede is quite well preserved, at the interior you can see the peristilio with geometric mosaics around the basin and some fresco on the wall (in restauration)
Pompeii is so well=preserved that the internal workings of the houses are not usually visible. But in one or two places you can see the wall-flues of the central heating system exposed, as in the photo.
Italy can be chilly in the winter, so the Romans invented an efficient way of heating their hourses: a furnace provided hot air which travelled through the underfloor hypocaust system. the air (and fumes/smoke, of course) was then diverted up the wall-flues, thus providing under-floor and space heating all in one go. Any additional point heating required came from charcoal braziers. A most efective system.
Keep your eyes open as you wander: the Pompeiian wall-flues are visible in one or two places.
AS many ppls knew about Pompeii activities, there are one house open for public to show us the activity in Pompeii. Some travellers I met in hostel, they miss to see this house. Inside of this house, there have several room for an activity. ALso, there are some picture or painting for that. Original painting now located in Archeological Museum in Naples.