Among the many excellently preserved findings of Pompeii, the thick blanket of ash produced by the volcanic eruption conserved for centuries a BAKERY COMPLETE WITH ITS EQUIPMENT:
the MILLSTONES consisting of two parts in volcanic lava made to fit one inside the other;
BENCHES for preparing the dough;
& the OVEN.
One of the millstones has been restored with reconstruction of the wooden parts. Originally it was operated manually by slaves or donkeys.
81 carbonized loaves of bread were found here, as well.
There are several bakeries in Pompeii you can see where bread and other baked goods were made. You can see the ovens and the millstones used to grind the wheat. These give an excellent idea of what this part of life was like, before all was snuffed out by the ash that eventually buried and preserved the city.
This is one of the places I found more interesting in Pompeii. There still are the oven and the millstones.
Pompeians were baking bread as usual when the volcano erupted so, after thousands of years, there were found a lot of carbonized bread in the oven. It is amazing how well presserved in time are the mills.
The Casa del Forno (in English, House of the oven) was built modified after the earthquake in 62 BC when it became a factory with the house on the first floor. You can see the ruins of a stairs on the right of the entrance.
For long time it was the only big bakery discovered in Pompeii; but now you can find about 35 ones in the town. In the garden you can see the installations of grinding of wheat, the manufacturing and the cooking of the bread, a ponds for the water, the oven and 4 grindstones.
Among the best preserved finds of Pompeii, Modestum's Bakery was preserved so well that 81 carbonised loaves of bread were found. along with it's equipment. The millstones consisting of two parts made from volcanic rock fit into each other, benches for preparing dough and of course the oven.
The millstones would have had wooden handles sticking out from the square holes and would have been turned by slaves or more frequently by Donkeys
Pompeii required many bakeries to feed its 20,000 citizens. When the volcano erupted, many still had bread baking; centuries later, this charred bread was found by archaeologists. Many bakeries had mills next to the ovens for grinding wheat into flour. Mills were often powered by slaves or donkeys.
This bakery used 4 large grindstones and one small one, spaced apart to enable mules to turn them. I do not have a photo of these but they are very large stone blocks.The oven was made from bricks and had a large combustion chamber and a baking chamber with a conical roof.
There are several locations in Pompeii where you will see remnants of ancient grocery stores. What remains of them are marble countertops with sunken holes in them. In ancient times, these holes were used for displaying fresh goods. Ovens were not common in the average household of Pompeii, so most citizens would buy their bread and fresh foods daily from one of the markets in town.
In the photo below, you'll also see the remains of a beautiful fresco behind the counter.
There are numerous other smaller sights within Pompeii that show some good insights into the world we will never fully understand. The bakery, or one of the many, is very well preserved. There are intact serving counters, sink basins, cooking tops, and tables. It is truly amazing how well preserved this entire city is, you will not believe it when you arrive there.
To recreate the figures at the moment of their deaths, archaeologists pour liquid plaster into the voids left in the ash after the bodies decomposed.
Voids with skeletal remains are still being discovered to this day.
At the excavation 81 carbonized loaves of bread were found in the oven. In front of the oven are grindstone in lava.