Outside the Nocera Gate you can see the Necropoli di Porta Nocera (in English, Necropolis of Porta Nocera) with many graves dating from the first century B.C. to the first century A.D. Many graves were owned to class of the freedmen and they have different shapes.
The most beautiful grave is the Tomba di Eumachia (Eumachia's Grave) dating from the Tiberian period (14-37 A.D.) was built by Eumachia, priestess of Venus, for herself and her family members: the exedra stands on a high terrace, with the burial chamber and fence in the back. The structure was covered with Nocera tufa and divided into niches with statues, separated by half columns and crowned with a decorated frieze.
Very interesting is also the Tomba di Veia Barchilla e del marito Numerio Agrestino Equizio Pulcro built with a circular shape.
The Tomba di Melissa e di Marco servilio, instead, was
built in the late Republican period, consisting of a podium supporting the cell containing the statues of the dead. 3
The Tomba di Flavio Filosseno e Flavia Agathea was built in the first century B.C. and it has got a square shape with a central gateway with three niches each side. In the upper part of the facade there are eight niches with two busts of dead persons.
Outside Porta Vesuvio you can see three graves. One is the Sepolcro dell'edile Gaio Vestorio Prisco (in English, sepulchre of the architect Gaio Vestorio Prisco): it was built in an altar shape and it completely covered with plaster and fresco showing the life of the dead one.
The second grave is the one own to Arellia Tertulla: it is circular seat with a column as solar clock; the third one is own to Settimia.
If you enter via the Piazza Anfiteatro entrance, this is the first thing you'll visit. This was once Pompei's cemetory - the people buried here were already dead before that fateful day in 79 AD. Roman law prescribed that the cemeteries be located outside the city walls. The tombs were placed on either side of the roads leading out of the city gates. The funerary monuments perpetuated the memory of the dead and expressed their differences in rank. The appearance of the necropolises was determined by the tombs of the rich and the fairly well-to-do. They would buy a piece of land on which to build their funerary monument, or would buy a tomb already part of a series made by a builder.
another necropolis in pompeii lines the via del sepolcri. pictured is the classical tomb of the priestess mamia. the mausoleum is ringed with the columns of the istacidi family.
located just outside of the southern city wall is the necropolis of porta nuceria. it is one of two cemetaries in pompeii. the tomb pictured is the shrine to the dignitaries.