This temple is dedicated to Augustus, the first Emperor of Rome and was built by town official Marcus Tullius. Up the first set of steps was the altar, where offerings would have been made to the Emperor, while access up the next set of steps was blocked by a gate.
The Temple of Apollo is the oldest building in the forum, built by the Greeks who inhabited the site of Pompeii before the Romans. This is evident as it is not directly on the forum, but off-set from it. Although it is on the western side of the forum, the temple faces South and is at an angle.
The temple also houses the functioning Sun Dial of Apollo. A plaque has the names L. Sepunius and M. Herennius, the two Duoviri who donated the Sun Dial.
As the Patron Goddess of Pompeii, Venus had the most beautifully decorated Temple in the City. It is not located in the forum, rather just outside it by the Marine Gate.
Its Sacred Grove would have been spectacular, but sadly not much is left today to tell its story.
Amongst the numerous houses, villas and other buildings in Pompeii are a number of important temples devoted to the gods of Ancient Rome. One of these was the sprawling Temple of Apollo. It was refurbished in 62 BC and included a number of statuary as well as a portico and inner courtyard.
Behind the Odeion there is the Tempio di Iside (in English, Temple of Isis). It was built in pre Roman ages but it was rebuilt after the earthquake in 62 A.D. thanks to Popidius Celsinus. It is surrounded by tall walls to whose inside there is the cell on high platform with pronao. Beside the staircase you can see a great altar. The walls were covered of embossed plasters. On the east south side a staircase conducted to the underground hollow where was preserved the water of the Nile River.
The Tempio di Apollo (in Englis, Apollo's Temple) has got a courtyard completely surrounded by 48 columns. The temple was already built on a consecrate area to the cult of Apollo in the fourth century BC, during the Samnite period.
On the second right column of the arcade you can see a copy (the original is in Naples) of the bronze statue showing Apollo. Opposite to it you can see the copy of the one showing Diana. The cella is on a platform and it is surrounded by Corinthian columns. In front of the staircase you can see the macaw. To its left you can see a column surmounted by a solar clock put by the duumviris Lucius Sepunius and Marcus Erennius.
Tempio di Venere (in English, Temple of Venus) was built about 80 B.C. on an artificial terrace. It was in demolition after the 62 earthquake and nowdays you can see only few ruins of the temple: some marbles and decorations.
The Tempio di Giove (in English, Jupiter's Temple) is located on the north side of the forum between two arches. It was built in the second century B.C.. It became the main temple of the town after the conquest of Sulla and it was dedicated to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. It was damaged during the earthquake in 62 A.D. and it was under restauration in 79.
Nowdays you can see the stairway of access to the temple, the pronao with white stuccoed columns and Corinthian capitals; the cell with three aisles with columns.
The Tempio della Fortuna Augusta (in English, Temple of the August Fortune) was built in 3 B.C. to celebrate the emperor by Marco Tullio (a famous local duumviro) on his land. It was restored after the earthbreak in 62. You can see a staircase with a base on which there was the macaw. The pronaos has four Corinthian columns; the cell was dressed again of marbles and on the back wall there is a small temple on whose lintel is read the dedication of the founder; on the side walls there are two niches for the statues.
The Tempio Dorico was built in 6 century BC in honor of Heracles and Minerva; it was modified among the 4 and the 2 century BC. Nowadays you can see only the plinth (28*21 meters) with a staircase in the north-west side. You can see some ruins of columns and three capitals; you can also see three altars in the enclosure of the temple (about in the middle).
The Temple of Apollo was constructed by the Samnites on a site where the Greeks are thought to have consecrated to Apollo's worship as early as the 5th century B.C.E. The sacred area and temple was surrounded by a portico which can still be seen today. Like the Temple of Jupiter, the Temple of Apollo was constructed in an Italic style, with a flight of steps leading up a high base. Originally surrounded by 28 Corinthian columns, only two remain standing at it's entrance
This is one of the most intriguing temples in Pompeii to visit. With the replica statues and the columns still intact and Mt. Vesuvias rising as a backdrop the Temple of Apollo is a must see on your visit to Pompeii. Its located right by the forum and draws quite a crowd so you can't miss it.
This is one of the most ancient sanctuaries in Pompeii, with some of its surviving architectural decoration dating from 575-550 BC, although the current layout is from the 2nd century BC. The building combines Italian-style features (a high podium with front entry stairs) with Greek elements (the colonnade around the cell). The floor of the cell is made of polychrome stone diamond shapes, which create a three dimensional cube-like effect.
On either side of the portico are the statues of Apollo and Diana, depicted as archers – these are of course replicas, with the originals being kept safely at the Naples Museum. Apollo can be seen in my photo, and my 2nd photo shows a close-up of him.
The Temple of The Fortunate Augustus was built by Marcus Tullius in the year 3 BC. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome, and upon his death was granted the status of a God. Most towns and cities in the Empire would have had a temple dedicated to him. Although it was by no means large, the temple was definately elaborate. With its eight Corinthian style columns and gold and marble statues, it was one of the most impressive temples in the city.
The Temple of Apollo was built in the third centruy B.C. Originally it was formed of 48 Ionic columns, but in Nero's age they were changed into Corinthian columns.
There were several different deities in the temple: Apollo, Diana the Huntress, and possibly Mercury. The cella is on a high platform and is the most sacred part of the temple.