Temple of Vespasian, Pompeii
This building was incomplete at the moment of the eruption.
It presents some unique construction features, starting with the entrance courtyard preceded by a vestibule with portico, at the end of which two stairways lead to a tall podium surmounted by the temple's cella.
The central altar is decorated by reliefs on the sides having stylistic features.
The side facing the Forum plaza (please enlarge the second pic) shows a sacrifice scene: the victim is a bull (the choise is in honor of living emperors, while for dead emperors two bulls were sacrificed.
An oak-leaf crown appears on the side facing the cella. That's the so called "civic crown", a typical attribute of the emperor, confirming that the temple was dedicated to an emperor.
This Temple is odd as it is not dedicated to a God or Goddess, but to the Emperor Vespasian. It was comman in ancient Rome for each town to dedicate a temple to the current Emperor, and here offerings to the Emperor could be made.
The temple had still not been restored by the time of the Eruption.
Another small temple was this structure dating to the Julio-Claudian Period. The most notable feature of this temple is a white marble altar with a wonderful freize on it. Some speculate it features Augustus attending a sacrifical ceremony.
The Tempio di Vespasiano (in English, Temple of Vespasian) was the temple of imperial cult. The structure that you can see goes up to the epoch post earthquake (62 A.D.). To the center of the courtyard you can see a beautiful decorated marmoreal macaw with reliefs showing a scene of sacrifice: a sacrificing priest, the victim and performers of double flute.
This is number 9 on the Pompeii map you can get at the entrance. Its located right along the main forum. While this temple is not as awe inspiring as the Temple of Apollo it is unique in that it was dedicated to a man rather than the God's. As told by the name, this temple was dedicated to Rome's great emperor Vespasion. In part as a tribute to the great Colisseum that he had built. The guidebook included in your entrance fee goes into more history so be sure to put this one on your to see list.
This temple was still under construction at the time of the eruption. The beautiful central alter is decorated with reliefs on the sides . The side facing the Forum Plaza represents a sacrifice scene,
pictured is an altar in the temple of vespasian. the temple was erected in 62AD just after the earthquake to the genius of vespasian. this marble altar is decorated with a sculpture of a bull being sacrificed.
This temple was built after the earthquake of 62 A.D. as a place of worship for the cult of the emperor and has a fa?ade projecting slightly further out than the building of Eumachia. A central door leads into a space in front of the inner sanctuary, which is bounded on the front side by four columns. Inside these, a staircase on either side led up to a podium on which stood the cella containing the cult statue.
The temple altar is at the center. The raised area toward the rear was likely constructed to house the statue of the deity for which the temple was named. The carvings may represent the ceremonies and rites associated with this pagan cult. It was constructed near the end of the 2nd century BC
I found it very interesting how parts of Pompei were completely lost and other parts are very well preserved. Wondering around this beautiful site, you will find parts that look just like they need a little paint job and they can be used again
Vespasian was emperor of Rome from 69 till his death in 79 AD, juuusst in time for someone else to deal with Vesuvius erupting. His son was Titus of Roman Forum fame. He had the unlucky title of being emperor when vesuvius erupted.
He must have done a good job beforehand, because he has his own temple. Basically everyone was forced to do their "voluntary" worship of the emperor here.
The temple of Vespasian is situated just next to the building of Eumachia. Its facade was made of brick. Outsde the temple, in the courtyard, there is a marble decorated altar.
The front side of the altar depicts a bull sacrifice.