old building, Bologna
The impressive Porta Saragozza was built in 1860, upon the remains of its medieval precursor. It is located in the most wertern part of the city walls, in the vicinity of Stadio Comunale Renato dall'Arra, which is home of F.C. Bologna.
Porta Saragozza was designed by Enrico Brunetti Rodati, the gate is made of two large towers topped with battlements. Between the towers there are three arcades. One of the towers contains "Cassero", which is home to Bolognese Gay Association. The Cassero has a very beautiful terrace which is open throughout the summer.
The historical name of this gateway is Porta San Donato, but it is also known as Porta Zamboni, which is its colloquial name. Most of the locals though, in particularly young generation, call it Porta Zamboni.
Porta Zamboni is situated at the end of the ononimous street, just about 100 meters from the University building. It was part of "Torresotti" , the 11th century walls surrounding the city centre and consisting of eighteen entrances. The gateway itself is pretty well preserved while the walls were pulled down.
Palazzo Malvezzi, known as "Palace of the dark arcade", derives its name from the dimness of its arcades. Nowadays it is the seat of the Provincial administration.
The palace belonged to illustrious family Malvezzi de' Medici, present in the town since 12th century. The family actively participated in the town's political life, with important posts supporting the Guelph party and later the Bentivoglio's. In 1488, however, the Malvezzi took part in the conspiracy against the Bentivoglio, hatched by the Marescotti and were thus banished from the town, after being deprived for their property. In 1506, following the overthrowing of the Bentivoglio were able to return to Bologna and take back again the Senatorial title and all their properties.
The magnificent Palazzo Malvezzi was reconstructed and redocorated in several ocasions and last decoration works of the main floor was done in the mid of 19th century.
In 1931 the palace was purchased by the Provincial administration of Bologna.
There were twelve so-called Porte (the city gates), in the medieval times of Bologna nine of which still exist. Actually, Porta was a part of the fortification, the watch tower and the entrance into the protected city area. By following the remaining gates, you can get idea how strong the circle-shape city walls were build. Unfortunatelly, not many remains of the strong city walls could be seen nowadays.
As it usually happened, after the medieval city walls lost their importance in the defence of the city, local people used its materials for the constructions of new houses and city buildings.
Porta Mazzini, also known as Porta Maggiore is the City Gate situated at the end of Via Maggiore. The road, which is after the gate lead in the direction of Rimini and Adriatic coast. Or if opposite direction it will bring you directly to the city centre.
Fondest memory: Unfortunatelly, only a parts of this imposing gateway have left.
Favorite thing: The Palace of Re Enzo was constructed in the 1244-46 as town hall and was the place where Enzo King of Sardinia (son of the Ghibelline emperor Federico II) was kept in prison for nearly 30 years (was the 1249).
Bologna's most remarkable sights are the endless kilometers of porticoes that line buildings throughout the city. Begun during the 14th century, porticoes offered a solution to the housing crisis of a growing city; buildings expanded into the street while leaving room for mounted riders to pass underneath. The building frenzy lasted several centuries, resulting in an enormous diversity of architectural styles, from Gothic to Renaissance to Baroque. You will be hard pressed to find two porticos of the same design and decoration, though all serve the same function and are roughly the same size.
Fondest memory: Wondering through the porticoes - espcially about the University quarter.
Favorite thing: In the centre around Rizzoli street and Indipendenza street you will find many beautiful palaces and some really original views, just wander around and join the city
Favorite thing: Pretty buildings...everything is a rusty red here. Looks lovely in the sun! Unfortunately there wasn't much of it the weekend we were there.