It seems that I have missed the point here, my attention was caught by Casa Castelli and not by Casa Conoscenti which stands right next to it. Perhaps it was because of the restoration works on Casa Conoscenti and scafold which covered most of its groud floor.
Casa Castelli was probably constructed in the mid-15th century, it has brick decorations and two-light mullioned windows on its facade, typical for medieval and Renaissance architecture. It was once the home of the Post Office and still has a stone letter box bellow the portico.
There is a small hill dominating Piazza VIII Agosto where used to be the fortress, Fortezza di Galliera, which was in 1683 transformed into a Public Park. It is called Parco della Montagnola.
The scenic stairway to Montagnola, which is colloquially called "Il Pincio", was designed by Tito Azzonni and Attilo Muggia. The construction began in 1893 through the initiative of mayor Dallolio and works lasted three years without interruption. The central body is composed of two overlapping fronts topped with a panoramic terrace accessible from the side stairs. In the central part of the staircase is a fountain depicting a nymph attacked by octopus, commonly called "la moglie del gigante" (the wife of a giant) ie of Neptun. In the bottom of the passage to Via Galliera was built Palazzo Maccafferi, note of the famous cafe-bar Eden. The steps of Il Pincio are equipped with 72 metal candelabra, each with four or six lamps.
In the first terrace are represented three stories that celebrate libertarian and anti-feudal spirit of Bolognesi, the capture of Re Enzo (by Veronese), the expulsion of the Austrians (by Goffarelli) and the destruction of the fortress oh Galliera (by Orsoni). Remains of the fortress of Galliera are next to the Il Pincio. The people of Bologna, who always saw it as the symbol of foreign power over the city, demolished the fortress like five times.
Il Pincio is popular meeting point and place where students like to gathering together after the lecturers. Many tourists also like to take a break here during city tours.
Bologna is city of arts and music with very long tradition, maybe it is less known but Bologna was the principal center of Baroque music in Italy.
In 1798 the Augustinian convent of San Giacomo, adjacent to the church of San Giacomo Maggiore, was secularized and turned into the military barracks. From 1804, convent is the seat of HighMusical School and the Conservatory of Music. Following the project from 1802, the Municipality of Bologna has founded the first public musical school and Conservatory in Italy, dedicating the ex-convent to be the seat of the school.
The most singificant and wide world known students, among others, were Gioachino Rossini and Ferrucio Busoni.
Fontana di Nettuno is a monumental fountain located in the eponymous square Piazza del Nettuno, right in the heart of Bologna. Fountain is probably the best known and the most favourable spot to all tourists and visitors of Bologna. This spot attracts with its beauty, harmony and tranquility which each visitor can feel as soon as approaching here. No wonder, therefore, that many choosing it for a meeting point or a place to relax.
The monument is a bronze statue of Neptun, an early work of Giambologna dating from 1567. The fountain is out of usual standards of that time, representing an innovation in non-geometric forms which Giambologna gave to the basins. Actually, the fountain is a model example of Mannerist style from mid-sixteenth century. The statue was commissioned by the cardinal of Bologna, Carlo Borromeo, to symbolize the recent elections of his uncle as a Pope Pius IV.
The work of the fountain was designed by the architect Tommaso Laureti from Palermo in 1563, while the Neptun's statue by Giambologna who had submitted the model of Neptune in Florence, but had lost commission to Baccio Bandinelli, who completed the work in 1565.
People from Bologna usually refer to fountain as "Il Gigante".
The ancient church of San Martino all'Aposa, built in Romanesque/Gothic style, excisting since 1217, originally founded in association with adjacent Carmelite Monastery. The church took its name from the stream Aposa that ran in front, which during the 15th century works was covered by adding a new span. The original facade was preceded by a wooden portico over the stream Aposa which flewed in front.
The church is also known as San Martino Maggiore but the locals prefer calling it Chiesa della Modonna del Carmine. The brick tracery of the interior ceilling were added in 1457. Its present facade, however, dates from 1879 and displays statues of various saints.
In its interiors the church contains notable artworks by great Italian artists from the Medieval times, such as Jacopo della Quercia, Paolo Uccello, Francesco Francia, Lorenyo Costa, Lippo Dalmasio, Vitale da Bologna and many others.
The vault of Caccianemici arose where once upon the time was Porta Sant'Agata, open on the city walls of four crosses (the first ring of the medieval walls), in a line coincident with the "Cherchia dei Mille"(the 12th c. city wall) of Roman times Bononia. Its medieval reconstruction has been done thanks to the family Pascipoveri who here used to have a tower. During the rule of Visconti the vault was integral part of the defensive system known as "Cittadella Nuova".
Caccianemici family, the Gueloh such as Pascipoveri, became the owner of the bow and the surrounding houses in 1394. The complex was looted and destroyed in 1473 in one people's assault led by Giovanni II Bentivoglio, to avenge a crime committed by the son of Cristoforo Caccianemici.
The vault, and the surviving medieval buildings around it, is one of the most suggestive sight in the historic senter of Bologna.
The Bolognini, a native of Lucca, came to Bologna in the 13th century and in 1272 introduced the first manufacture for spinning of silk. Since become rich they actively participated in the political and cultural life of the city.
Palazzo Bolognini was built between 1451 and 1455 by Pagno di Lapo Portigiani who try to harmonize elements of the Renaissance style with those still in the Bolognese Gothic tradition of the 14th century. The fifty niches under the eaves of the facade contain heads and terracotta pots. In the arches of the windows there are busts of greater size. The marble capitals of the portico are richly decorated.
The building, which is located on the north side of the Piazza San Stefano, was the first senatorial residence of Bolognini family. The palace hosted Pope Julius II during his visit of the city.
In the 19th century Palazzo Bolognini was purchased by Counts Isolani who took care of its first restoration.
The complex of houses dating from the 13th and 14th centuries belonged to families Beccadelli and then Bovi. This is probably the first medieval settlement of the District San Stefano. The complex provide examples of well-preserved original Gothic style.
On the front of the house at number 17 you can see the monogram of San Bernandino da Siena, famous Dominican preacher ( IHS - Iesus Hominum Salvator ).
In the 19th century the building housed the hotel "La Pace" and in the 20th century photo studio Villani. The complex was restored in 1904, on behalf of the Comitato per Bologna Storica e Artistica ( The Committee for Historical and Artistic Bologna ).
Portico della Morte (as shown on the second photo) is located right opposite to the church Santa Maria della Vita. The stairs which lead to this majestic porticoe belonging to the ancient Hospital of Death, once located in the area between Portico di Pavaglione, Via dei Foscherari, Via Marchesana and Via del Musei, which is former Via dell'Morte. The Hospital of Death was very popular among medicine students who used the corpses of executed men to make anatomy studies in the nearby Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio.
There is fine looking cafe-bar inside of the porticoe, almost perfect for a break in a hot summer days, offering refreshing shadow, excellent espresso, fine sandwiches and snacks in a nice and quiet ambient:
Pavaglione comes from a local dialect, word "pavaglio" refer to the lucrative markets of the time, located in Piazza Galvani. The portico proceedes through Palazzo dei Banchi, Museo Civico and Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio.
Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio (unfortunatelly closed during my visit) was built in 1564 and once was the seat of the Studium (University). It has an impressive courtyard featuring more then seven thousand coats of arms used as emblems by noble families, scholars, chancellors and other well known persons who attended the Studium during the 16th and 17th centuries.
On the first floor of the palace there is a Theatre of Anatomy in which anatomy classes were held, also very impressive as well are two lecture halls; Aula Magna degli Artisti and Aul dei Legisti.
Nowadays the Archiginnasio is reckoned to be one of the most famous Italian municipal libraries with more then 700.000 volumes.
Piazza VIII Agosto is the largest square of Bologna situated in the central part of the city and not far from Piazza Maggiore. It is open air market offering cheap and low quality clothings, mostly of Chinese origins but from Chinese who live in the surroundings and work in deserted clothing factories. I didn't want to take the picture of a square with all those ugly stands and ugly cloths. Instead of the square I took picture of the memorial which is standing in the margins of the square.
Piazza VIII Agosto is very important city square, site of the great battle in which Austrians troops were defeated in 1848. A monument depicting a man running the flag on the Austrians dead bodies was built to commemorate the day of freedom. This monument, work of Pasquale Rizzoli, is known for its popular name "Il Popolano."
Fantuzzi is well known Bolognese noble family from the medieval times, they were rich merchants and senators. They invested a lot of money in the city area real estates, buying most of the houses in todays Via San Vitale.
The construction of this palazze started in 1521, commissioned by the senator Francesco Fantuzzi, but he died in 1533 and never saw it completed. His idea was to construct huge and very representative building which could expose the importance and richness of Fantuzzi family. The stucco works on the facade was entrusted to Sebastiano Serlio who created very suggestive look of it, adorned with the family coat of arm, elephant with the bastion on its back. The work was completed in 1538.
The Fantuzzi family was known as Elefantuzzi, combination of elephant in family coat of arm and the family name. The building has magnificent portal and to me it is the most beautiful in whole of Bologna.
According to the tradition the church dedicated to San Bartolomeo excisted here already in the 5th century and was built by San Petronio on the site of an paleo-christian church. On the same spot where todays basilica stands used to be smaller nad pretty modest church built in the 13th century. In the beginning of the 16th century noble Bolognese family Gozzadini commissioned Formigione to design this church which still excisting today, however, in 1516 the works were stopped due to the assasination of Giovanni Gozzadini. By that time only the portico was finished and it's still visible today.
At the end of the 16th century the unfinished church belonged to the order of Teatini and they finished construction in 1627. After canonisation of San Gaetano, the founder or Teatini, the name of the church was unified with those of apostol Bartolomeo. The cupola and the bell tower were completed in 1694.
This imposing building stands in the close vicinity of the railway station and it isnt part of the historical itinerar of the city. Actually, the tample of Sacro Cuore was built at the end of the 19th century and completed in 1928. Funny thing happened that its cupola collapsed when the temple was finished. The interior plan of the temple was inspired by the Aja Sofia at Istambul. The exteriors displaying notable influence of the Bizantine style which obviously inspired the designer of the temple or its commisioner.
This 2-day festival is held every year at Parco Nord in Bologna. This year bands like Arctic Monkeys, Kasabian, White Lies, The Offspring, etc.. It's organized, except for one thing, they didn't find a replacement band for one of the cancelled attractions.... I was really disappointed about it.
Tickets were between 40 to 46€ depending on the day you went.
If you want the front rows, arrive early and start queueing. The good thing is there is a mini-hill and from there you can enjoy the show in a relaxed way, especially if you don't like a certain artist.
Sandwiches were 5 € (too expensive and not so good), not to mention the huge lines to get anything to eat/drink. The cheapest thing was a portion of fries for 3€50 and they were a huge success (no more left when I went there). Before ordering, you have to pay at the cashier first and with a ticket you get what you paid for. The music was so loud that I could hard understand what the guy was telling me (they were out of some of the items).
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