Arco d'Augusto, Rimini
You are looking at the oldest remaining Roman Arch in the world. You are also looking at the very point where the 2 main roads in the Roman Empire met – the Via Flaminia (N-S) and Via Emilia (E-W). In fact it marks the end of the Via Flaminia originating in Rome. It was built in honour of Caesar Octavianus Augustus. The visible engravings on this fantastic monument state that the history of the monument dates back to 27 BC. Originally it was crowned by a parapet supporting a statue of the Emperor and it has several religious and political inscriptions. There are carvings representing the 4 main Roman Gods: Jove (father of the gods), Neptune (god of waters), Apollo (son of Jove and protector of health) and Minerva (protector of the ancient city then called Ariminum as well as the arts and trades of Rome).
The Arch has a single gate which is 9.92 m high and 8.45 m wide. The merlons, or saw-tooth fortifications, were added in the Middle Ages. The whole structure was restored in the 1700’s century by Tommaso Temanza (1705–89) a Venetian architect. The Arch was originally an intricate part of the stone walls surrounding the city. Unfortunately Mussolini has them torn down in the 1930’s. Sections are still visible around the old town.
The arch seems to be known, even by people who have never visited Italy, let alone Rimini. It has featured in many books and films showcasing Roman architecture and culture.
The Arch dates from 27BC and is the oldest of the remaining Roman Arches of Triumph across Europe. It is 17m tall and built of Istrian stone; and it was built on the express command of the Emperor Augustus.
In 1935, all the buildings around the Arch were demolished to enhance the degree of impressiveness the Arch presents to all who view it.
It is always recommended that you approach it on foot - facing away from the city you can see Jupiter and Apollo and facing in towards the city are Neptune and Rome.
You should note that the battlements are a medieval creation and probably date from the 10th Century.
Situated at the point where Via Flaminia meets Via Emilia, l'Arco di Augusto is the oldest of the surviving Roman arches, dating from 27 BC, and built in honour of Caesar Octavianus Augustus. Here, via Flaminia, one ofe the ancient roads beginning from Rome, sees its end. That means if you start to walk from this monument and keep forward the right direction, in 2 or 3 days you'll arrive in Rome!!!
Looks like an ancient gate into the city, from Roman times? An enjoyable few minutes for us on a Sunday morning, looks like a favourite meeting place too.