This WWII Prison Museum was opened in 1975. Originally a rice mill built in 1913, but empty at the time of WWII, the Germans took it over for a prison. Also during the war it was outside the city, but now it is surrounded by city structures. I found it to be smaller than expected, but the effect of seeing a terrible part of history still has a great impact.
The building is six stories in height, but you are not allowed to view into the upper floors. Once through the long corridor past the visitor's office you will immediately see the Death Cells, where prisoners who were to be executed were jailed. You only have to look into one of them for one to begin to imagine how terrible this was.
There is a museum which has displays showing photos of some of the prisoners, their letters to home, and devices used for torture. The city has done a fine job in collecting this material and displaying it in a way that you can become more familiar with the prisoners and their life.
During the war over 25,000 partisans and Jews were imprisoned and i 3,000-5,000 of them were killed, either by shooting, beating or in the crematorium converted from the rice mill.
My research finds that there was a trial after the war, but none of the SS Officers were punished.
After the war it was used as an immigration camp for Yugoslavians wishing to escape communism.
The visitors center has some books, mostly in Italian for sale. The two ladies that were there that day were friendly, and took the time to answer questions about the museum. There is free parking along the side of the prison, and you can see it all in just over an hour. Free admission.
Right off the port is the big canal built by the Romans. It is not long, and made more difficult for boats because they have to wait until the tide goes out in order to venture into the harbor. Along the canal can be found many outdoor bars, and on the east side is the vegetable market. There is plenty of seating on the edge of the bridge and if the wind is not strong, this makes a nice place to sit and take it all in.
Trieste has a number of Literary Trails/Itineraries marked out for visitors. Here James Joyce is treated as a famous son of the city to the same extent as its native sons, Italo Svevo and Umberto Saba. The Joyce trail has 45 plaques on various buildings which were significant in the author's life and times in Trieste and copies of the route can be obtained from the touist office on the main piazza, Piazza Unita D'Italia. I discovered the tourist office around lunchtime and got a copy of the itinerary but before that I had come across several of the plaques and locations. Having the little map and booklet is great though because it tells you the significance of each of the locations and you can see which ones are clustered together. The map lists 36 locations in all, with no less than 9 addresses where the family lived. In the three tips below I will describe the ones I found of most interest.
This beautiful, Venetian style building had caught my eye soon after arriving in Trieste and I'd taken a few photographs of it without having any idea of its significance. Once I got my little trail itinerary however, I discovered that this was the Central Hotel where Joyce and Nora spent their first few nights in Trieste when they arrived on October 20th 1904. On arrival, Joyce apparently left Nora sitting in a park in front of the railway station and went off in search of accommodation. On the way, in typical Joycean style, he became embroiled in a fracas with some English men on the Piaazza Unita D'Italia and ended up being almost arrested. They stayed here for a few nights before moving to a rented room on the Piazza Ponterossa.
The Giant cave is only 15 kilometres from Trieste on the Karsk. It is the biggest tourist cave in the world and has been opened to the public since 1908.
It is placed near the homonymous village and can be reached easily from the town also by taking a bus or the famous tram of Opicina. The enormous hall is 107 metres high, 280 metres long and 65 metres large. A confortable and steep path and a suggestive electric lighting allew a pleasant visit of about 45 minutes. The tourist can have a look at the wonderful and charming underground world represented by the caves and at the rich calcite concretions, the highest of which is no less than 12 metres high.
The exceptional characteristics, and the constant temperatures in the Giant cave during the whole year, have suggested to place two geodetical pendula, 100 metres high approximately (the longest in the world) and other scientific instruments. The Museum of speleology is near the cave and besides the various speleological, geological and paleontological finds it also includes some valuable archeological pieces and a poster collection of the cave. Two wide parkings are available on the outside. Visits are sheduled in good times and with expert guides.
It is closed on January 1st, December 25th and on Mondays.
Opened every day in July and August.
The location is wonderful!
If you don't have the car in the summer you can take the boat departing from Trieste (it's about a 45 minute ride) it costs 4,85 euros (It's encluded if you have the T for you card)
It's the Private Residence of the Princes della Torre e Tasso (von Thurn und Taxis) but you can visit, they opened to the visitors some years ago and just few months ago they opened the bunker
The tram goes from central Trieste to Opacina on the plateau. The fare was just over one euro single journey , ticket bought at kiosk. So far along,the tram stops to attach extra engine to push it up the steep gradeant. The funicular tram was opened in the year 1902. At the terminus is the tram shed with new and old trams. From Opacina it is possible to take a taxi to Sezana in Slovenia from where trains go to Ljubjana.at regular intervalsSee website of Man in Seat 61 for details
Muggia is not what you get when you visit Naples, but rather an extremely pretty village umbilically connected to Trieste. Muggia occupies the very last little slither of land before you get into the former Yugoslav republics.
A few miles by road around the coast, it is very cheap to get to as it lies on the terminus of a city bus route. One-euro 10 for an enjoyable spin out is a bargain. As the crow flies it must be an even shorter difference, but Muggia seems to have let much of the pace of Trieste pass it by. The tiny bus station gives way to a neat collection of shops, a tight little port area, a castle (sorry didn't get around to viewing it) and a bathing area / promenade.
There is nothing much to get excited about, but a stroll, an ice-cream a browse and a dip make for a great afternoon doing very little.
I liked it. And it's not often that I say that.
James Joyce, one of the most Irish of Irish writers spent 10 years of so here at the start of the 20th Century. Whilst he was describing cold murky Dublin he was happily sunning himself in this great port town whilst chatting up language students (he taught English at the Berlitz school) and gawping at the local hookers.
I wish he had confined himself to such pursuits. Unfortunately Trieste gave him the inspiration for Ullysees and the polyglot of local languages within the local dialect no doubt influenced books like Finnegan's wake. I contend that this book is not the worst book in the english language, as it barely counts as English.
If you really must visit the museum of take a self-guided tour of Joyce's haunts then the tourist information centres will be willing to point you in the right direction.
I must admit that the bronze of Joyce by the canal is worth seeing as a work of art in it's own right.
The Opicina tramway recently celebrated 100 years of chugging up the hill (can electric trains actually chugg, I wonder ?) from near the railway terminus to the village of Opicina up in the hills.
The original motivation for building the route was to provide a short cut from the terminus of the 'Sudbahn', a major artery of the Austro-Hungarian empire into the port town of Trieste. Not using the tramway would entail a big detour around the mountains. Nowadays it forms part of the Trieste transport system and ferries commuters and tourists along it's 5 or so Kms. Being part of the local transport system means that you can use a normal bus tickt (one euro 10) for the ride. This is something of a bargain as the views are nothing short of spectaular.
Just before Opicina village there is a sharp 90 degree bend next to monument. Most tourist riders get off here for a walk in the woods affording those stunning views of the Adriatic. There arer also some Roman remains, but I somehow missed them.
On the technical side there is plenty to keep the 'trainspotters' interested. The route starts off as a normal street tramway, but then for the steepest section adopts the principles of a funicular railway. Later it meanders gently hugging the wooded contours of the route.
Trams leave all day at about 20 minute intervals.
The evangelical lutheran church lies behind the main Post Office. It was built in Neo-Gothic style and inaugurated in 1874. You will recognize it from its high bell-tower and from its slate roofs.
Worth seeing inside, above the altar, is a window by Bavarian masters reproducing Raphael's painting The transfiguration.
However, I still haven't seen it because the church is not open every day and there aren't any regular opening times.
Trieste's Lutheran believers amount to around one hundred people today, while there were over two thousand of them in the 19th century, descending from German traders who settled down in Trieste after it had become a free port.
1. Miramare. A beautiful, white castle built on the Adriatic Sea. It is really nice...as are the grounds surrounding the castle (more like a villa). It has a romantic history as well with regard to Carlotta and Maxamilian.
2. San Giusto- Take the massive steps in the center of town up to this church. Nice views of the city from there. Ruins as well.
3. Rilke Walk - related to the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, who lived in Duino (near Trieste) for a while. A stunning trail overlooking the blue Adriatic below. Have a look at this site to explain how to get there.
4. James Joyce lived in Trieste while writing Ulysses. The James Joyce museum located in the second floor of the Attilio Hortis Public Library - Piazza Hortis, 4. Below are his addresses...he moved around a lot!
A.a) Via S. Nicolò 30, 2nd floor: I May 1905 - 24 February 1906
A.b) Via S. Nicolò 32, c/o Stanislaus Joyce, 3rd floor: March - November 1907
B) Piazza Ponterosso 3, 3rd floor: March 1905
C) Via S. Caterina 1, 1st floor: I December 1907 - March 1909
D) Via della Sanitá 2, 3rd floor: mid October 1919 - early July 1920
E) Via Donato Bramante 4, 2nd floor: September 1912 - 28 June 1915
F) Via Barriera Vecchia 32, 3rd floor: late August 1910 - early September 1912
G) Via Vincenzo Scussa 8, 1st floor: 6 March 1909 - 24 August 1910
H) Via Giovanni Boccaccio 1, 2nd floor: 24 February - 30 July 1906
4. Santuario di Monte Grisa- A very modern church on a hilltop in Trieste. Wonderful views of the city below.
5. Grotta Gigante- amazing caves about 15 km from Trieste.
One more view on to the busy street. Shops and boutiques with italian fashion, door to door, a sights for sore eyes And when you get tired there are many outdoor coffeess, with delicious cappuccino, or icecream or a drink. Rest and enjoy...
Trieste is allied with the old Austria and the culture of Mittel Europe. This is visible in the archtecture of the town.
Every August in the small town Giassico, Near Trieste, the birthday of the Austrian Emperor Franc Josef is celebrated. People from all cornes of former Austr-Hungaian Empire gather. At the head of the table, for the guest of honour, stands an empty chair.
More and more motorbikes. Especially youngsters, adore riding motorbikes. Its faster to sweep past the slow moving cars on th busy streets and nevvertheless its easer to find the place for parking a motorbike than a car.
This imposing edifice on the seafront close the main square has all the trappings of the 'Grand old...more
If you want to make you a gift sleeping well...sleeping in this hotel could help you. While one of...more
This is a great hotel. First of all, it is located in the very heart of the town, so if you are...more