This town sits a top of a hill and all around the view is expansive surrounded by hills on all directions. The hill/mountain shown is of the carved out levels to get out the pyrite from the earth. Pyrite was the main reason for the town thriving back in its time. Now it still digs, but not as vibrant of a town to support the venture.
At the top is church San Guilliano, a not so new structure built in 1700's and has many steps to get there, but they are gentle. The town is basically quite, and the walk up is sloping upward, obviously. The town was the seat for the Capoluogo and the castello di Pietra was a famed fortress. It now is a ruin, with only one wall standing.
The town name came from Latin Caput Boreum, and evolved into Cavarrano, then the current name. It got its first know time about 1000 AD from a saint Roselle. It was under control of Volterra and Massa Marritima, then it went to Sienese, and ultimately Florence rule.
The church at top of Saint Guiliano and was renovated n 1700's. The town walls are form 1200-1300's and are still very solid. In 1860 it became part of the new independence state.
Pyrite mines are the main stay for citizens here.
6 Reviews and Opinions
Park along the road outside the walls. That seems to be the only way to find a spot. I believe inside the walls is reserved for locals and you need a parking pass sticker. WE parked by where this picture shows and walked into the town up a flight of stairs.