The Fort, you will see from the Cruise Ship, and will be the first major sight when being dropped off by the shuttle bus at the end of the Pier. When standing beside these walls, I realized just how massive they were, and even though I couldn't measure the thickness, I read they are 6 metres thick, wow!
It was the Pope in the year 1503, who decided a city a fortress was needed to defend the town as well as the port. The fort was completed in 1535 under the pontificate of another great Pope, Pope Paul III Farnese, the great patron of the arts.
The fort is the shape of a quadrangle, and has four bastions which are named, Saint Columba, Santa Stop, San Sebastian, San Giovanni. In the tower of San Sebastian is an underground corridor, used as a secret exit from the fortress to the ground, and in Santa Stop, once in direct contact with the sea, is a small chapel in honor of the saint, patron of the city.
The walls have a balustrade with an openings where muskets or cannons were fired. Once, there was a Moat, this no longer exists
The fort could be completely isolated from the rest of the fortress in order to be able to concentrate the last defense. The old entrance still has the bronze pulley that was used to lower and raise the bridge.
There is an admission fee
- Castles and Palaces
- Historical Travel
ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI CATHEDRAL
Where the Cathedral stands today, once stood a smaller Church. The City and population outgrew this Church, and a new one was built, which was the Cathedral I was viewing today. It was a simple Church until 1805, when the Church of San Francesco became the Cathedral of the Diocese of Civitavecchia.
If you look up to nearer the top of the Cathedral, you will seed two large statues of S. Francis of Assisi and St. Anthony of Padua. The Bell's are of historic interest too, as they were made with metal with two cannons donated specifically by the Pope.
The entry to the front door is by many steps.
- Religious Travel
- Historical Travel
THE MUNICIPAL THEATRE
The Municipal Theatre was designed by the 'architect Antonio De Rossi was named in honor of the emperor Trajan Trajan Theatre founder of the city.
I thought this was quite interesting, in that the original shape of this building was a horsehoe, and the curtain was made up of an oil painting depicting a sacrifice to Neptune Emperor Trajan
It was in 1844, the Theatre opened with the premiere of Donizetti's opera "Eustogia by Romano."
Unfortunately, it was destroyed in the war, and a new theater was rebuilt and reopened in 1948.
The theater has a neoclassical facade on the outside, and inside, it has 638 seats.
- Theater Travel
The rest of the Centro Storico
There's not much more to the centro storico, just a few streets with old buildings and the odd church...nothing too exciting, but nice to walk around if you are sick of crowded touristy towns.
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