Pantheon, Rome

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  • gordonilla's Profile Photo

    An ancient and impressive monument

    by gordonilla Written Mar 15, 2014

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    I have to say that after some time looking for the Pantheon (and just about when I was going to give up) I came upon it. It was quite unexpected and I have to say I found it to be impressive and well worth visiting.

    It may have looked old from the outside, but from within, you could feel the importance of the building and the honour placed upon it by Romans and visitors alike.

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    Hadrian's Masterpiece

    by goodfish Updated Feb 6, 2014

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    Don't miss this one! The Pantheon (pronounced PAN-tee-on) is one of Rome's most important treasures as it's the most well-preserved structure of its age in the city and possibly in the world. Designed by and constructed under Emperor Hadrian in the early 2nd century, it was originally a Roman temple dedicated to "pan theos"- all the gods - and until the 15th century the dome was the largest ever built. The diameter and height of this 142-foot dome are exactly the same, and a 27" oculus (round opening at the center of the dome) is the only source of interior light.

    The Pantheon was spared the building-over or tearing-down of other pre-Christian temples due to its conversion to a Christian church by Pope Boniface IV in AD 609. That still didn't save it from the plundering of bronze roof tiles by Constans II (who sent them to Constantinople) and bronze portico by Pope Urban VIII of the Barberini family. Some of material from the portico is said to have been melted down to make cannon for Castel Sant'Angelo, and rest used by Bernini for his magnificant baldacchino in St. Peter's. As the famous saying goes, "What the barbarians did not do, the Barberini did!"

    Still an active Catholic church dedicated to - here we go again - St. Mary, it's officially known as St. Mary and the Martyrs. It's also a tomb for Italian Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, composer Arcangelo Corelli, and architect Baldassare Peruzz.

    Visiting info:
    http://www.060608.it/en/cultura-e-svago/beni-culturali/beni-archeologici/pantheon.html

    Entrance is Free. As this is officially a place of worship, proper attire is highly recommended.

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  • WulfstanTraveller's Profile Photo

    Temple to All Gods

    by WulfstanTraveller Updated Nov 11, 2013
    The Pantheon, 1994
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    The Pantheon is truly one of the most stunning and technically impressive monuments in the world. The dome was unsurpassed, even unrivalled, for centuries and is made of cast concrete. The oculus in the centre of the roof provides essentially all the light. It is all the more impressive because it is still essentially intact even though it is almost 2,000 years old. In fact, the Augustan-era entrance, more than a century older than the Hadrianic rotunda, is about 2,000 years old.

    The building was originally built, as the words over the entrance state, under the authority of Marcus Agrippa, one of Augustus's right-hand men, in the late 1st Century BC/BCE. The rotunda portion that is now the main part of the structure, was built under Hadrian in the early 2nd century AD/CE. Conversion into a church under the "Byzantine"/(East) Roman Emperor Phocas, who gave it to the Church, in the early 7th century saved it from destruction and the entire structure is amazingly well preserved.

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  • gwened's Profile Photo

    Pantheon

    by gwened Written Aug 26, 2013
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    A wonderful building with free admission and loaded with visitors. The place is nice thus,and a must to see while in Rome.

    the place is nice but come early as we came back by the area in the afternoon and there were hordes of tourists there.

    a bit more history
    Erected at the initiative of Agrippa in 27 BC, the Pantheon was destroyed by fire in 80 A.D. and rebuilt then on the orders of the emperor Hadrian between 118 and 128 ad. This last work campaign saw the creation of the great dome coffered, amounting to 43 meters high and an oculus breakthrough.The building is a temple dedicated to all the gods of antiquity, March and Venus in particular, the protectors of the people Iulia. He became a Christian church dedicated to Sainte-Marie - aux-martyrs in 609. Its entrance porch has sixteen columns supporting a pediment in advance.The dome that symbolizes the celestial vault was not only the image of the place of residence of the gods but also of the universe under the control of Rome.
    With more than 18 centuries, its dome holds the world record of scope of the vaults. If the current Pantheon is particularly well preserved, its environment has suffered many transformations.Once at the bottom of a large courtyard, the Pantheon today is in direct contact with the street. In addition, if the temple previously dominated the site, it is now below because of the raising of the ground of Rome over the centuries. On the architectural perspective, the Pantheon does not follow the 'standards' of the temples. Firstly, its plan is circular, and on the other hand the colonnade that surrounds it is rectangular and not circular as is the case for the other temples of Rome to similar plan. In fact, the pantheon innovates by combining three different geometric shapes: rectangular structure, a porch with a triangular pediment, and a cylinder crowned by a cupola.

    Its an amazing building to see.

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    Amazing structure!

    by clareabee Written Feb 10, 2013
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    this is the only complete structure that remains from Roman times and you wouldn't realise looking at it - it really has stood the test of time. The Pantheon, although still a funtioning place of worship doesn't really hold services these days - i don't really know how they could with all the tourists in the place, although as we went in February which is out of season the crowds were not too bad.
    The dome has an opening which lets in light, but also lets in the rain and elements. The floor of the Pantheon slopes towards the door in order to let the rainwater drain out. There is an also an area directly underneath which has drainage grills.
    You must have a look at the tomb of Raphael whilst there - you will see all the people gathered around it. There is also wonderful art and beautiful marble floors.
    Watch out for all the gladiators outside touting for business - basically you pay them to have your picture taken with them.

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    The Pantheon

    by IreneMcKay Updated Jan 5, 2013

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    The pantheon went some way to restoring my faith in life and interest in Rome after a very disappointing visit to the Spanish Steps and Trevi Fountain. There were lots of people here, too, but the pantheon is big enough to cope with them. Apparently the original temple on this sight was rectangular. The circular structure we see today results from restoration carried out during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 125 AD.

    The building was apparently an amazing feat of engineering for its time and should not be able to even stand up at all. The pantheon is a temple to all gods. Inside under the statue of the Virgin Mary lies the grave of Raphael.

    There is a hole in the centre of the pantheon's dome. Outside the pantheon was my favourite Roman fountain. The faces carved into it were wonderfully detailed and humorous.

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  • von.otter's Profile Photo

    An Honor Guard at the Pantheon

    by von.otter Written Dec 31, 2012
    The Pantheon, Rome, May 2007
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    “And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
    — from the Holy Bible, Acts 2:1–4

    Founded in 1878, the monarchist organization, the National Institute of Honor Guards keeps watch over the royal tombs at the Pantheon. Italy’s first king, Vittorio Emanuele II and his son Umberto I, as well as Umberto's queen, Margherita are entombed in the Pantheon. In addition the painters Raphael Sanzio da Urbino and Annibale Carracci, the composer Arcangelo Corelli, and the architect Baldassare Peruzzi are also entombed here.

    The Honor Guards are shown at the Pantheon on Pentecost. Following Mass, baskets of red rose petals are dropped through the Pantheon’s oculus to simulate the descent of the Holy Spirit. The floor becomes a carpet of red (see photo #4).

    This is glorious ancient building is a Roman Catholic church, dedicated to Santa Maria ad Martyres, also known as Santa Maria dei Martiri, Our Lady and all Martyrs.

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  • anilpradhanshillong's Profile Photo

    02-Houseful of gods

    by anilpradhanshillong Updated Aug 28, 2012

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    The next day, bursting with anticipation, boarded Tram No. 8 going to Largo Argentina. From there, the Pantheon, a temple consecrated to all the gods of ancient Rome, was a mere 10-minutes walk. There was no need for a map. You ask anyone the directions to the Pantheon and you’ll receive detailed instructions.

    This is a huge structure with a canopy at the top and massive pillars in the forecourt standing to the north of Piazza della Rotonda. Somewhat in the middle of the city square is the Fontana del Pantheon, a fountain constructed by Giacomo Della Porta in 1575. An Egyptian obelisk was added to it in 1711. It’s hard to imagine that the Pantheon has withstood the ravages of time for over two centuries (re-built by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD) and the best part is entrance is free.

    Once inside, you gaze awe-struck by the huge canopy with an oculus in the centre to let natural light in. The entire round structure has sculptures and paintings of a Christian nature. Straight ahead is an altar and quite a few benches. It’s only then that you realise you are standing in a place of worship, actually a Roman Catholic Church since the 7th century. In the centre is a cordoned off area with holes on the floor. The holes are the outlet for rain water to drain off. Of particular interest is the square design of the floor which is in sharp contrast to the circular nature of the structure.

    Most of the exhibits have numbers. These are for the convenience of those who wish to pay for an audio guide. They punch in the number and listen to the commentary pertaining to that particular exhibit. The centre of attraction, undoubtedly, is the marble sarcophagus of Raphael Sanzio, painter and architect par excellence, a person who transcends definition. In his grave is inscribed these immortal words written by Pietro Bembo:

    "Ille hic est Raffael, timuit quo sospite vinci, rerum magna parens et moriente mori."

    This would mean, "Here lies that famous Raphael by whom Nature feared to be conquered while he lived, and when he was dying, feared herself to die."

    Timings: 9 am - 6.30 pm (Mon–Sat); 9 am –1 pm (Sun)

    First Written: Aug. 28, 2012

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    Piazza della Rotonda

    by von.otter Updated Jul 6, 2012

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    Piazza della Rotonda, 06:00, Roma, 05/07
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    “Walking around it today, it is still possible to experience something of the variety of architectural forms and settings, and the skillful way in which Hadrian and his architect have contrived the meetings of the axes, the surprises that await the turning of a corner, and the vistas that open to view.”
    — from “History of Architecture” by Sir Banister Fletcher (1866-1953), he is talking about the Pantheon, the main historic attraction of Piazza della Rotonda

    The large square that stretches out in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda . The grand and ancient monument that dominates the square so fully it has given the piazza’s name.

    This piazza is the heart of the Centro Storico (historic district) of the city. With its active cafes, bars and restaurants, which encircle the square and its fountain, this piazza is a popular meeting place, for locals and tourists alike; the lively atmosphere continues into the night.

    We not only have to thank Pope Gregory XIII for the calendar we use everyday, but also for the elegant, 16th-century, marble fountain, designed by Giacomo della Porta for this pope, that stands at the square’s center. The obelisk at the fountain’s center was found in the Iseo Campense and was placed here in 1711 on the order of Pope Clemens XI; the architect Filippo Barigioni decorated the obelisk’s pedestal with dolphins (see photo #4) and the coats of arms of Clement XI.

    One of the city’s best hotels, Albergo del Senato, fronts onto this piazza (see von.otter’s Rome hotel tips for additional information and photos).

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  • Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo

    Pantheon

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Jun 30, 2012

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    The Pantheon ("to every god") is a building, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD.

    The Italian kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I as well as the famous Renaissance painter Raphael and his fiancée are buried in the Pantheon. It is a wonderful example of second century Roman architecture. It boasts mathematical genius and simple geometry that today still impresses architects and amazes the eyes of casual viewers.
    Opening hours: Mon – Sat: 9 am - 6.30 pm and Sun: 9 am –1 pm.

    You can watch my 1 min 14 sec Video Rome Pantheon out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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  • solopes's Profile Photo

    Heavy. old and respectfull

    by solopes Updated Apr 10, 2012

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    I thought it could be a lie, but it isn't. Of course it’s old. Two thousand years…? With such architecture?

    Let me collect some details from internet:

    "The portico consists of three rows of eight columns, 14 m (46 feet) high of Egyptian granite with Corinthian capitals. They support an entablature facing the square, which bears the famous inscription in Latin, attributing the construction to Agrippa, although the extant temple was rebuilt later by Hadrian.

    The dome has a span of 43.2 m (142 feet), the largest dome until Brunelleschi's dome at the Florence Cathedral of 1420-36.

    The interior volume is a cylinder above which springs the half sphere of the dome. A whole sphere can be inscribed in the interior volume, with the diameter at the floor of the cylinder of 43.3 m (143 feet) equaling the interior height.

    Five rows of twenty-eight square coffers of diminishing size radiate from the central unglazed oculus with a diameter of 8.7 m (29 feet) at the top of the dome.

    The dome is constructed of stepped rings of solid concrete with less and less density as lighter aggregate (pumice) is used, diminishing in thickness to about 1.2 m (4 feet) at the edge of the oculus. The dome rests on a cylinder of masonry walls 6 m (20 feet). Hidden voids and the interior recesses hollow out this construction, so that it works less as a solid mass and more like three continuous arcades which correspond to the three tiers of relieving arches visible on the building exterior. Originally, these exterior walls were faced with colored marbles."
    http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Pantheon.html

    Watching such an harmonious building...would you believe?

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  • croisbeauty's Profile Photo

    Pantheon

    by croisbeauty Updated Nov 26, 2011

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    The Pantheon was erected in 27 BC by Agrippa, son is law of Emporer Augustus, but later on it was completely rebuilt in 123 AD by Emperor Hadrian, who maintained the old inscription celebrating Agrippa. The temple was dedicated to all Gods worshiped by the Romans, and was converted into the church in 608.
    The Pantheon is the only large monument of ancient Rome which is well preserved. It has magnificent large circular hall, La Rotonda, and that's the other name for it preferable by the Romans.

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  • zadunajska8's Profile Photo

    Stunning!

    by zadunajska8 Written Oct 23, 2011

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    Pantheon At Night
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    We were blown away by the Pantheon. It was obviously on our must do list when we got to Rome as it is one of the famous attractions but we were not prepared for the sheer size of it. Perhaps more importantly though was the feeling it inspires as you just look at it from the outside and 'feel' the age and character of it's overwhelming presence in this pretty square. The inside is beautifully decorated, the only downside being that there will be so many other people there to see it as well and therefore there is a fair amount of noise. I thought that the best view of this was at sunset from the other side of the fountain in piazza del rotunda (it's likely to be closed by that point so you'll need to see the inside at some other time).

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  • GracesTrips's Profile Photo

    Pantheon Near Piazza Navona

    by GracesTrips Updated Jun 17, 2011

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    Front view of the Pantheon
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    I didn't find an official website for the Pantheon but did find some helpful information. Entrance is free to the public. The general hours are Monday-Saturday from 9am to 7:30pm and Sunday from 9am to 5:30pm. The Pantheon is a church so they do have services there. There is no metro nearby the Pantheon. You could take a bus but probably the best way is to walk. At least when you get there, you can relax at the Piazza Navona just west of the Pantheon (signs should be posted).

    Besides the architectural awe of a building built in 27 BC (oldest church in Rome), the Pantheon is also a mausoleum of the royal family and renaissance artists.

    Below is the link to a live webcam at the Pantheon!

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    In Awe at architecture

    by Arizona_Girl Written May 19, 2011

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    Inside Pantheaon

    There was a ton of restoration construction on the outside when we were there. But the inside was beautiful and breath taking to study. Free stop, its an active church so there are chairs that you can sit and admire the great architecture.

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