Pantheon, Rome

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  • Tom_Fields's Profile Photo

    Pantheon

    by Tom_Fields Written Dec 20, 2009

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    This temple was built in 27 BC, then destroyed by fire in 80 AD. It was then rebuilt under the emperor Hadrian. Later emperors modified it. It was built to honor all pagan deities worshipped by the Romans. The Catholic Church made it into a church, adding the bones of early martyrs brought from the Catacombs, in 690 AD. Under the Lateran Treaty of 1929, it became a national church.

    This is the only intact structure left in Rome by the ancient Romans. It remains one of the city's true marvels.

    The Pantheon The Pantheon by night This cat appears rather jaded
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    Plain perfection

    by Tijavi Updated Nov 20, 2009

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    Hailed as one of the most perfect buildings in the world for its symmetry, the Pantheon is also one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in Rome. Built in the 1st century AD it was intended as a temple to all gods. Today it houses the tombs of well-known Italians such a Raphael and the founder of modern day Italy, Vittorio Emmanuel II.

    The hemispherical dome is one of the most amazing features of the Pantheon. Inside, you could feel its immensity and the vast space beneath the dome. And for shutter-happy tourists, the Pantheon is a perfect subject both within and outside that lends itself beautifully to the photographer-tourist's eyes.

    A study in perfect symmetry A photographer's favorite subject Tomb of Vittorio Emmanuel II Immense feeling of space inside The dome is the most amazing feature
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    Pantheon

    by apbeaches Updated Oct 12, 2009

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    The Pantheon was built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in the early 2nd century AD. A near-contemporary writer, Cassius Dio, speculates that the name comes from the statues of many gods placed around the building, or from the resemblance of the dome to the heavens.

    The building is circular with a portico of three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment opening into the rotunda, under a coffered, concrete dome, with a central opening to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 142 ft. A rectangular structure links the portico with the rotunda. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in continuous use throughout its history.

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    Pantheon

    by aukahkay Updated Oct 9, 2009

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    The Pantheon is the glory of Rome - it is the city's only architecturally intact monument from the classical times. It was built by Agrippa in 27 BC and dedicated to the gods of the Julian family. The portico has 16 monolithic granite columns. Light enters through an opening at the top of the dome - an oculus 9m across through which the sky seems to descend to the temple. The ceiling of the dome was originally covered by bronze but taken down by Pope Urban VIII and used for the baldacchino in St Peter's basilica. There is a tomb containing the remains of Raphael.

    The oculus of the Pantheon Interior of Pantheon Interior of Pantheon Interior of Pantheon Tomb of Raphael
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    Standing after 2000 years !!!!!

    by jlanza29 Updated Sep 21, 2009

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    One of the oldest standing structures in the world, the Pantheon is quite a site, admission if free and the surrounding piazza is one of the coolest in all of Rome. Give yourself about an hour here !!!!

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    Pantheon

    by tim07 Updated Aug 5, 2009

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    The Pantheon was designed by emperor Hadrian in AD 118-125. It was built as a temple to "all the gods".

    The beauty & scale of this magnificent building are best appreciated from the inside. The rotunda's height & diameter are equal; 43.3 m (142 ft). The oculus, the hole at the top of the dome, provides the only light. Its diameter is 9 m (30 ft). The marble floor is the original Roman design. Around the walls are shrines to Raphael & former Italian kings.

    The building is free to enter & is open daily except 1 Jan, 1 May & 25 Dec.

    Dome Inside the Pantheon Inside the Pantheon Pantheon

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    il Panteone

    by MM212 Updated Aug 1, 2009

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    The most magnificent of standing Roman buildings in Rome and the world, il Panteone di Roma continues to dazzle to this day. The existing round structure was built as a Roman temple to all the gods by Emperor Hadrian in 125 AD. It replaced a previous temple, which had been built by Agrippa in 27 AD, but destroyed by fire around 110 AD. The Pantheon owes its remarkable state of preservation to its conversion into a church after Christianity swept the Roman Empire. The amazing interior is lit naturally by an open hole in the center of the dome, the world's largest until the 15th century Duomo in Florence was built. Original Roman-period marble decorations in the interior were stripped to be used in the construction of Saint Peter's Basilica, but newer ones were added in a later period.

    il Panteone & Piazza della Rotonda Amazing Interior of il Panteone The Dome The rear of il Panteone Fragments of the original exterior decorations
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    IS THAT A HOLE IN THE ROOF?

    by DAO Updated Jul 19, 2009

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    IT IS! The Pantheon is fantastic building (my favourite in Rome) started out life as a Temple around the year 120. It is a Great domed hall with an ‘Oculus’. Guess that’s a fancy name for a hole in the middle of the roof. Yes, it has a fantastic drain system as rain does come straight in. So does sunshine. Do not leave Rome without visiting!

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    Pantheon

    by vichatherly Written Jun 5, 2009

    This was built by Emperor Hadrian from AD118-28. It was built as a temple and then used as a church for the early Christians.

    It is a massive place and is an engineering marvel. It has one of the world’s largest domes.

    Step inside to see the intentional hole in the ceiling from where the sun shines in or rain pours in.

    Pantheon Pantheon
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    The Panthenon

    by roamer61 Written May 3, 2009

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    This is the best preserved temple in Rome. It was built in 126 by Hadrian on the site of an older building originally built in 80 AD. Its original function was a temple to the most important of Roman Gods. Its great domed roof was a masterpiece of roman architecture. It was converted into a church in the 7th century, and retains that purpose to this day. Several artistic additions were added in later centuries.

    The dome and the famous eye Interior

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    Pantheon Church of Santa Maria ad Martyres

    by fdrich29 Updated Apr 16, 2009

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    The Pantheon is thought to have been originally been built in honor of the seven Roman gods that lent their names to the first known planets. Located in the Piazza della Rotonda, Roman legend says this is the spot where, upon his death, Rome's founder, Romulus, was taken to the Gods by eagles. The structure was built between 27 and 25 BC by Consul Agrippa, the Prefect of the Emperor Augustus. After a fire destroyed the temple, Domitian rebuilt the Pantheon in 80 AD. Pantheon, which is Greek for "everything divine" or more commonly "Temple of All Gods" was turned into a church by Pope Boniface IV in 609 AD, giving it the name "Santa Maria ad Martyres". The original monuments to the Roman gods are long gone, now replaced by the tombs of seven prominent Italian figures. Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, his queen, Margherita, painters Raphael and Annibale, composer Archangelo Corelli and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. The Pantheon is open Monday-Saturday from 8:30-19:30, Sundays 9:00-18:00 and Holidays 9:00-13:00. Masses are held Saturdays at 17:00 and Sundays at 10:30. Admission is free. One of the most historic buildings on Earth and a must see when visiting the Eternal City.

    Pantheon Raphael Vittorio Emanuele II
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    Pantheon: Part I, The Exterior

    by von.otter Updated Apr 16, 2009

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    “My intentions had been that this sanctuary of All Gods should reproduce the likeness of the terrestrial globe and of the stellar sphere.”
    — Emperor Hadrian (AD 76-AD 138) his thoughts on the Pantheon

    The main attraction in the Piazza della Rotonda is the Pantheon, from the Greek for ‘all the gods.’ It is our favorite building in the world.

    Originally, the Pantheon was built in 25 BC by Marcus Agrippa, a Roman statesman and general. This building was destroyed by fire in AD 80. The bricks used by Emperor Hadrian to rebuild it are stamped with a date corresponding to AD 125. Hadrian paid tribute to Agrippa by having the latter’s named chiseled on the pediment of the portico (see photo #4).

    The first Christian emperors closed the Pantheon, along with all other places of pagan worship, in the fourth century AD. In AD 609 the Byzantine Emperor Phocas gave the building to Pope Boniface IV, who consecrated it as the Church of Mary the Virgin and all the Martyr Saints. Because this antique pagan temple was turned into a Christian one explains why it is the most intact building to come down to us from the Ancient Romans.

    Pantheon Piazza della Rotonda + von.otter 12/00 Tom + Me, the Pantheon, Roma, 12/00 Pantheon, side view + dome, Roma, 05/07 Pantheon, Apex + Columns, Roma, May 2007 Pantheon + Full Moon, Roma, May 2007
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    Pantheon: Part II, The Interior

    by von.otter Updated Feb 8, 2009

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    “Here lays Raphael, by whom the mother of all things (Nature) feared to be overcome whilst he was living, and whilst he was dying, herself to die.”
    — Raphael’s epigraph, written by Pietro Cardinal Bembo (1470-1547)

    Since the Renaissance the Pantheon has served as a national necropolis. Among those buried there are the artists Raphael and Annibale Caracci, the architect Baldassare Peruzzi and the first two kings of a united Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, as well as Umberto’s queen, Margherita.

    The first to be buried there was Raphael (6.April.1483-6.April.1520), who rests in a sarcophagus (see photo #1) donated by Pope Gregory XVI. On 14.September.1833 the tomb was opened to inspect the moldering skeleton, of which drawings were made. Raphael’s tomb is the third chapel on the left.

    The second chapel on the right holds the tomb of Padre della Patria (Father of the Nation), King Vittorio Emanuele II, who died in 1878 (see photo #2). The chapel was originally dedicated to the Holy Spirit.

    Directly opposite his father is the tomb of King Umberto I and his wife Margherita di Savoia (see photo #3). The chapel was originally dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel. The royal tombs are maintained by the National Institute of Honor Guards to the Royal Tombs, founded in 1878.

    In the second century AD, during the Age of the Antonine Emperors, which included Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius, colored marbles were favored over the traditional white. In the Pantheon the seven niches, where the gods were worshipped, were marked by two large columns made of Numidian yellow marble, or of pavonazzetto, a breccia coming from Phrygia in modern-day Turkey. Breccia is a rock consisting of fragments of stone, such as marble or limestones, within a natural cement of a contrasting color. The veins of pavonazzetto had so many different colors that they brought to mind peacock feathers, hence this stone’s name, pavone is Latin for peacock.

    Raphael?s Tomb, the Pantheon, May 2007 Tomb of King Vittorio Emanuele II, May 2007 Tomb of King Umberto I, May 2007 Byzantine-inspired apse, the Pantheon, May 2007 The Altar, the Pantheon, May 2007
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    Tombs inside Pantheon

    by monica71 Updated Jan 26, 2009

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    The Pantheon is definitely a place you should visit when in Rome. Entrance is free and the building has enough to offer to the hungry tourist eye :)

    There are several tombs set inside the walls of The Pantheon. I really liked Raphael's tomb (on the left side as you enter the building). The tomb of Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of the unified Italy, is also here. You can also see the tomb of his successor, Umberto I and his wife, princess Margherita.

    In the piazza outside The Pantheon there is a very nice fountain topped by an Egyptian obelisk. The base of the fountain and the obelisk were built by the orders of Pope Clement XI.

    Raphael's tomb Raphael's statue by his tomb Tomb of Vittorio Emanuele II Fountain outside The Pantheon
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    Temple of All the Gods

    by monica71 Updated Jan 23, 2009

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    The original Pantheon was a temple dedicated to all the gods (pan=all, theos=gods). It was built in 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa (Augustus' son-in-law), but the building was destroyed by a big fire in 80 AD.

    The Pantheon that we all see today is the structure that emperor Hadrian rebuilt in 120 AD. It is the oldest standing dome structure in Rome. Light and rain comes through the oculus of the building. The floor has few wholes in it that allow the water from the rain to pass through them and to keep the floor dry.

    The building served as a Christian church for a while and since the Renaissance it has been used as a tomb. The building still has its original bronze doors. Inside, you can find the tombs of the painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, the composer Arcangelo Corelli, the architect Baldassare Peruzzi, and also two kings of Italy: Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, as well as Umberto's Queen, Margherita.

    The Pantheon - main altar Nick inside the Pantheon me in front of  the Pantheon Pantheon floor the holes that help to keep the floor dry
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